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系統識別號 U0026-1712201316561500
論文名稱(中文) ARIZ於產品創新設計之研究
論文名稱(英文) The Study of Product Innovation Design with ARIZ
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 機械工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Mechanical Engineering
學年度 102
學期 1
出版年 102
研究生(中文) 陳旺志
研究生(英文) Wang-Chih Chen
學號 N18951322
學位類別 博士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 107頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳家豪
口試委員-黃才烱
口試委員-施勵行
口試委員-陳湘鳳
口試委員-胡憲倫
口試委員-郭財吉
口試委員-杜瑞澤
中文關鍵字 TRIZ  ARIZ  綠色設計  綠色創新  專利迴避設計  仿生設計 
英文關鍵字 TRIZ  ARIZ  Eco-design  Eco-innovation  Design-around  Bionic design 
學科別分類
中文摘要 ARIZ因本身具有完整的分析工程問題的能力,當分析出產生矛盾點的資訊之後,配合其他TRIZ概念來輔助解決,找出適當的創新解,再評斷創新解是否有往後發展的可能性。利用ARIZ來創新問題過程是如此地完整且周延,這就是本篇論文選定以ARIZ作為研究主軸的目的。
本篇論文將創新設計方法ARIZ與不同概念結合,衍生新的創新方法,為的是讓設計者在創新產品設計或改良時可以多幾項選擇。從一開始的ARIZ版本介紹,將各版本的架構詳細分析後發現ARIZ其實主要由三大階段所構成,分別是分析問題階段、移除矛盾階段與解的延伸階段,各版本的解題流程都可以歸納進為這三階段,並由此處本文提出一個簡化版的ARIZ(S-ARIZ),透過分析比較異同的方式將TRIZ工具中的眾多概念分別放置到三個階段,透過邏輯的步驟讓S-ARIZ具有創新解答的功能,同時步驟也較不繁雜,有較容易推廣的效果。
其次將ARIZ與綠色概念結合提出Eco-ARIZ,因為在產品設計一開始時加入綠色概念,創新出來的成果是可以減低對環境衝擊。從一開始分析問題時判斷是否需要運用ARIZ來解決工程或產品問題的準則以及選擇解題或創新的綠色方向,是關係著研發過程中所要投入成本的多寡以及可降低未來要負擔的環境損害。
再者創新跟專利有著密不可分的關係,一般設計流程後需要搭配專利搜索與分析之後才知道自家的產品要如何自我保護或避開他人已保護的狀態。故提出將專利分析、專利迴避設計與創新方法ARIZ結合提出一個新的方法,為的是讓設計者在研發產品過程中直接加入避免侵權的概念以及運用迴避設計直避開已有的專利前案,創新後的成果即可以提出專利保護的申請且避免落入他人早已保護的專利範圍中而苦惱。
最後透過大自然的豐富資料庫與ARIZ做結合,提出Bio-ARIZ。因為自然界具有最豐富的演化資料庫,不同時期在不同地區的不同物種都會有不同的演化方向,故這樣豐富且龐大的資料庫將之與創新方法ARIZ做結合,以關鍵字搜尋具生物意義的詞彙,最後由生物相關文獻提供參考案例給設計者以達成仿生創新設計產品的目標,是非常有遠見的。
英文摘要 ARIZ can find the related information about contradictions in the engineering problem with its completely analytic capability. It presents new innovative ideas after solving the contradictions in the engineering problems with other TRIZ tools and concepts. Furthermore, designer can use ARIZ to check the possibility of developing of the innovative ideas. ARIZ contains complete and detailed procedures when solving engineering innovation problems. Therefore, this study selects ARIZ as the objective tool for developing innovative design methods.
This paper presents four novel design tools, which can be help designers solve engineering problems and execute product design. From the beginning of this dissertation, eight complete ARIZ versions are introduced. Based on the comparison results of these eight versions, each version of ARIZ consists of three stages: analysis for examining contradictions, contradiction removal for resolving conflicts and solution extension for extending the usage of a solution. The three individual stages that show what suitable TRIZ tools (or concepts) and auxiliary features are available to obtain system information are compared in detailed. System contradictions are also resolved, along with the solutions verified as well. In addition, a simplified ARIZ (S-ARIZ) is developed for easy use by designers in different fields.
Then this study developed a novel design method, Eco-ARIZ that combines eco-innovation concepts and ARIZ to help designers solve problems without increasing the environmental impact. ARIZ can help designers solve problems with minimal environmental impact. The proposed method focuses specifically on solving eco-product problem that can cause environmental burdens. The method guides designers to find the eco-directions of problems, which are classified into the seven eco-efficiency factors proposed by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD).
Furthermore, a new design tool that integrates design-around concepts with ARIZ is presented. The combination of ARIZ and design-around concepts and understanding identified principles that govern patent infringements can prevent patent infringements whenever designers innovate, greatly reducing the cost and time associated with the product design stage. The presented tool is developed from an engineering perspective rather than a legal perspective, and so can help designers easily to prevent patent infringements and succeed in innovating by designing around.
Finally, Bio-ARIZ is presented to help designers get innovative ideas from nature. Bio-ARIZ integrates ARIZ with biologically significant vocabularies to search for related biological cases. This tool searches for biological key words by using the Noun1-Noun2-Verb model in replace of the Su-Field model for analyzing system conflicts and finds related biological cases. Analyzing these biological cases and available resources helps designers to design products and solve engineering problems based on biomimetic concepts. An example is used to demonstrate the corresponding proposed method.
論文目次 目錄
頁次
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌謝 iv
目錄 v
表目錄 ix
圖目錄 x

第一章 序論 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2 文獻回顧 2
1-2-1 ARIZ的歷史發展 2
1-2-2 ARIZ的應用文獻 3
1-2-3 TRIZ與綠色創新的結合 3
1-2-4 TRIZ與專利迴避的結合 4
1-2-5 TRIZ與仿生設計的結合 5
1-3 研究目的 6
1-4 本文架構 6

第二章 ARIZ版本簡介與概念說明 7
2-1 ARIZ的目標 7
2-2 TRIZ相關概念介紹 8
2-2-1 技術系統 8
2-2-2 功能 8
2-2-3 工具 9
2-2-4 作用 9
2-2-5 系統矛盾 9
2-2-6 理想性 10
2-2-7 物質場分析 10
2-2-8 標準解 10
2-2-9 分離法則 10
2-2-10 矛盾矩陣與創新法則 10
2-3 ARIZ版本介紹 12
2-3-1 ARIZ-56 12
2-3-2 ARIZ-61 13
2-3-3 ARIZ-68 13
2-3-4 ARIZ-77 13
2-3-5 ARIZ-85C 13
2-3-6 ARIZ-85AS 15
2-3-7 ARIZ-85C(Fey) 15
2-3-8 ARIZ-85V 20
第三章 簡化版ARIZ 21
3-1 ARIZ各版本的比較 21
3-1-1 整體架構的比較與分析 21
3-1-2 分析階段的比較 23
3-1-3 矛盾移除階段的比較 24
3-1-4 解的延伸階段 25
3-2 ARIZ結構的討論 26
3-2-1 分析階段 26
3-2-2 移除矛盾階段 27
3-2-3 解的延伸階段 27
3-3 簡化版ARIZ 27
3-3-1 Part1 分析階段 27
3-3-2 Part2 矛盾移除階段 29
3-3-3 Part3 解的延伸階段 29
3-4 案例分析 30
3-4-1 Part1 分析階段 30
3-4-2 Part2 矛盾移除階段 31
3-4-3 Part3 解的延伸階段 32
3-5 小結 33

第四章 Eco-ARIZ 35
4-1 Eco-ARIZ介紹 35
4-1-1 Part1 系統矛盾模型建立 35
4-1-2 Part2 系統矛盾分析與最小化問題建立 38
4-1-2-1 系統矛盾含輔助工具 38
4-1-2-2 系統矛盾不含輔助工具 38
4-1-3 Part3 可用資源分析 39
4-1-4 Part4 概念解的生成 39
4-2 案例分析 41
4-2-1 Part1 系統矛盾模型建立 41
4-2-2 Part2 系統矛盾分析與最小化問題建立 42
4-2-3 Part3 可用資源分析 43
4-2-4 Part4 概念解的生成 43
4-2-5 創新解的提出 44
4-3 小結 45

第五章 結合專利迴避與ARIZ之研究 46
5-1 迴避設計介紹 46
5-2 專利侵權鑑定理論 47
5-3 專利迴避設計原則 49
5-4 整合迴避設計與ARIZ之創新設計流程介紹 50
5-4-1 Part1 系統矛盾模型建立 50
5-4-2 Part2 系統矛盾分析與最小化問題建立 52
5-4-3 Part3 可用資源分析 53
5-4-4 Part4 概念解的生成 54
5-4-5 Part5 驗證待鑑定物獨立項範圍 54
5-5 案例分析 55
5-5-1 Part1 系統矛盾模型建立 55
5-5-2 Part2 系統矛盾分析與最小化問題建立 57
5-5-3 Part3 可用資源分析 57
5-5-4 Part4 概念解的生成 57
5-5-5 X-資源的實際應用 58
5-5-6 Part5 驗證待鑑定物獨立項範圍 59
5-6 小結 60

第六章 Bio-ARIZ 61
6-1 仿生學 61
6-2 Su-Field模型分析 61
6-3 Bio-ARIZ介紹 61
6-3-1 Part1 系統矛盾模型建立 63
6-3-2 Part2 系統矛盾分析與最小化問題建立 63
6-3-3 Part3 可用資源分析 64
6-3-4 Part4 概念解的生成 65
6-4 案例分析 65
6-4-1 Part1 系統矛盾模型建立 66
6-4-2 Part2 系統矛盾分析與最小化問題建立 66
6-4-3 Part3 可用資源分析 68
6-4-4 Part4 概念解的生成 68
6-4-5 X-資源的實際應用 69
6-5 小結 70


第七章 結論與建議 71
7-1 結論 71
7-2 建議 72

參考文獻 74

附錄A ARIZ-56 83
附錄B ARIZ-61 84
附錄C ARIZ-68 85
附錄D ARIZ-77 86
附錄E ARIZ-85C 90
附錄F ARIZ-85AS 92
附錄G ARIZ-85V 96
附錄H 中華民國發明專利I346071之發明專利說明書 98

自述 104
歷年發表著作 105
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