||A Comparative Narrative Analysis of Policies and Debate Issues in Energy Transition: Case Study of Australia, Germany, Japan, Taiwan and India
||Department of Resources Engineering
||Yi Jin Tan
In response to the climate change, energy transition has become vital and challenging tasks in all countries. However, due to the complexity and unstablity of policy development, the global energy transition has remained in the state of flux. Currently, the Taiwan Government is actively promoting policy development, strategic planning, and local energy governance so as to enhance the energy transition governance. The development of renewable energy is mainly focus on solar power and wind power. This study uses narrative analysis to compare five countries, including: Australia, Germany, Japan, Taiwan and India. Moreover, the discussion is mainly based on the development of policies and debates of each country that has achieved a certain standard of development in wind and solar energy which is critical to provide a good role model for Taiwan to promote a better future in energy transformation.
This study initially introduces the current energy transformation trends in solar power and wind power in five different countries. This is follow by narrative analysis which futher discussed the policy and debate issues. Finally, based on the above results, policy recommendations of energy transformation are used as a guideline for Taiwan future energy transformation development.
Taiwan is in the midst of energy transformation. Therefore, it is important to analyze from the advance country on the current development trend of solar power generation and wind power through narrative analysis in order to set a role model for Taiwan to implement. The purpose of using narrative analysis is to seek out the key opportunities and make reasonable inferences from revealing some important observations. The topics discussed in this study are divided into three main categories (including: transformation, financial status, and power supply security) which is based on the main classification from previous relevant literature. The results show that the promotion of energy transition is vital and should be a concern for the future generation. The Government should provide the visions of desirable futures by announcing a clear implementation subsidy system; large-scale and small-scale power grid investment, wholesale price, and renewable energy surcharge, retail prices, etc. Moreover, it is critical to have advance power supply system to ease the fluctuation in electricity supply and demand. Energy storage systems can be used to track and manage the stability of renewable energy, and vital for the development of energy transformation technology. In order to achieve power supply security, it is imperative to construct a stable, affordable and low-risk energy system from energy demand side, supply side and system side. Lastly, expansion in grid network and battery storage would help to decrease the electricity shortage.
Figure Index. xii
Table Index……….. xiii
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Preface 1
1.2 Objective 3
1.3 Thesis Structure 4
1.4 Framework of the study 5
1.5 Scope and limitation 6
Chapter 2 Introduction of current energy transition trends in five different countries 8
2.1 Brief introduction in five different countries 8
2.2 Energy Transition Profile in Australia 10
2.3 Energy Transition Profile in Germany 13
2.4 Energy Transition Profile in Japan 16
2.5 Energy Transition Profile in Taiwan 18
2.6 Energy Transition Profile in India 21
2.7 Summary 24
Chapter 3 Literature Review 26
3.1 Domestic report and review 26
3.2 Literature Review regarding energy transition policies 27
3.3 Literature Review regarding energy transition debate 30
3.4 Summary 31
Chapter 4 Narrative Analysis Methodology 32
4.1 Narrative definition 32
4.2 Narrative procedures 35
4.3 Narrative categories in policies and debates discussion 36
Chapter 5 Results of Policies and Debate Issues 38
5.1 Polices Issues 39
5.1.1 Transformation 39
5.1.2 Financial Status 43
5.1.3 Power Supply Security 48
5.1.4 Summary of Policies Issues 53
5.2 Debate Issues 54
5.2.1 Transformation 54
5.2.2 Financial Status 57
5.2.3 Power Supply Security 60
5.2.4 Summary of Debate Issues 62
Chapter 6 Conclusion and Recommendation 66
6.1 Conclusion 66
6.2 Policies Recommendation 68
6.3 Recommendation 69
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