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系統識別號 U0026-1708201419422500
論文名稱(中文) 臺灣西南部觸口斷層上盤鳥嘴層沈積環境及其地體構造的意義
論文名稱(英文) Sedimentary Environments of Niaotsui Formation in the Hanging Wall of Chukou Fault in Southwestern Taiwan and its Tectonic Implications
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 地球科學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Earth Sciences
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生(中文) 李宇威
研究生(英文) Yu-Wei Li
學號 L46011031
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 87頁
口試委員 指導教授-楊耿明
口試委員-陳文山
口試委員-袁彼得
中文關鍵字 正斷層  鳥嘴層  觸口斷層  沉積環境 
英文關鍵字 normal fault  Niaotsui Formation  Chukou Fault  depositional environment 
學科別分類
中文摘要 對於臺灣西南部觸口斷層上下盤出露之鳥嘴層的岩性描述,前人研究不盡相同,且由構造平衡剖面發現鳥嘴層厚度在該斷層上盤有增厚的現象,顯示鳥嘴層沉積時可能受到觸口斷層前期地體構造活動的影響。本研究經由野外調查,根據沉積構造和生痕化石相探討觸口斷層上盤地層之沉積環境並討論其與觸口斷層前期地體構造活動之間的關係。
本研究根據地層岩性特徵將出露地層分為12岩相,再利用岩相組合可辨識出古代沉積環境為濱面、遠濱過渡帶和遠濱等。另外,本研究利用 2D Move軟體將前人構造平衡剖面進行回復,以討論觸口斷層前期地體構造由南到北之轉變。
岩相分析顯示,觸口斷層上盤鳥嘴層沉積環境由北往南逐漸變淺,此與台南盆地區域性古沉積環境北淺南深的變化趨勢相反。另一方面,位於斷層上盤之八掌溪剖面鳥嘴層厚度大於觸口斷層下盤地層的厚度,而觸口斷層上下盤層位落差自北而南逐漸減小,在關子嶺東方匯入崙後斷層。構造平衡剖面回復結果顯示觸口斷層早期為一正斷層,且其滑移量由北往南漸減。研究成果指示,觸口斷層早期應為向東傾的正斷層,上盤地層之沉積環境因正斷層影響產生較大容積空間及較深沉積環境,並堆積較厚的地層。因正斷層之滑移量在研究區域自北而南逐漸減小,正斷層效應由北往南逐漸消失,使該斷層上盤地層之沉積環境自北而南逐漸變淺。
英文摘要 In the previous studies, descriptions about the Niaotsui Formation in the hanging wall and footwall of the Chukou Fault are quite different. The cross-sections show that the thickness of Niaotsui Formation increased abruptly in the hanging wall of the Chukou Fault. It appears that the process of deposition of the Niaotsui Formation may have been influenced by pre-orogenic tectonic activities of the Chukou Fault. Based on the analysis of lithofacies, the ancient depositional environments of the study area become shallower from north to south. Restoration of cross-sections indicates that the Chukou Fault was originally an east-dipping normal fault with displacement decrease gradually from north to south. As a result, the depositional environments and accommodation in the hanging wall would be deeper and larger than those in the footwall because of the effect of early normal faulting. The decrease of displacement of the normal fault from the northern to the southern areas results in shallower depositional environment in the southern area.
論文目次 摘要 I
Extended Abstract II
致謝 V
目錄 VI
表目錄 VIII
圖目錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
1-1. 研究目的 1
1-2. 區域地質 1
第二章 前人研究 5
2-1. 前陸盆地 5
2-2. 反轉斷層 6
2-3. 正斷層滑移量 8
2-4. 正斷層發育與連結 9
2-5. 正斷層上盤沉積環境演化 10
2-6. 區域研究 14
第三章 研究方法 18
3-1. 野外地質調查 18
3-2. 構造平衡剖面回復 18
3-3. 正斷層增厚指數 22
第四章 岩相分析與組合 23
4-1. 岩相分類 23
4-2. 岩相組合 41
第五章 沉積環境解釋 44
5-1. 八掌溪剖面 44
5-2. 赤蘭溪剖面 44
5-3. 石硦溪剖面 (1) 47
5-4. 石硦溪剖面 (2) 47
5-5. 澐水溪剖面 (1) 50
5-6. 澐水溪剖面 (2) 50
5-7. 三重溪剖面 52
第六章 構造平衡剖面回復 53
第七章 討論 55
7-1. 觸口斷層上盤沉積環境變化 55
7-2. 觸口斷層地下構造變化 57
7-3. 沉積環境與地體構造之相互關係 58
第八章 結論 59
參考文獻 60
附錄 各剖面地層柱 66
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