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系統識別號 U0026-1708201212100900
論文名稱(中文) 跑步機跑步雙腳相對運動 對身體質量中心的影響
論文名稱(英文) Influence of relative movement of bilateral limbs on center of body mass during treadmill running
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 體育健康與休閒研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Physical Education, Health & Leisure Studies
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生(中文) 紀培偉
研究生(英文) Pei-Wei Chi
學號 rb6991046
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 78頁
口試委員 指導教授-邱宏達
口試委員-鄭匡佑
口試委員-劉于詮
口試委員-涂瑞洪
中文關鍵字 足部運動學  相位角  跑步機跑步 
英文關鍵字 foot kinematics  phase angle  treadmill running 
學科別分類
中文摘要 過去研究顯示跑步機跑和地面跑不論是在運動學參數或動力學參數都有不同之處,所以用跑步機上跑的結果直接推估人體在地面上跑的步態是不適當的。因此,把跑步機運動視為一種新的運動型態,而建立跑步機上跑走的運動模式就有其必要性。本研究以受試者在跑步機上跑,過程中使用不同的速度變化,來探討身體重心是以何種動作策略,使其維持在跑步機範圍內。本研究以visualeyes4000動作捕捉系統擷取13位有跑步機經驗的男性跑者在跑步機上跑的運動學參數,跑步機速度在啟動兩分鐘後到達10km/hr,接著每兩分鐘速度的變化依序為:10 km/hr到11 km/hr(四分鐘後)、11 km/hr到10km/hr(六分鐘後)、10 km/hr到9 km/hr(八分鐘後)以及9 km/hr到10 km/hr(十分鐘後)。分析資料包含雙足腳跟的相位角(phase angle)和雙足與重心垂直線的夾角(雙足夾角,bilateral limb angle)兩個角度,觀察在腳跟著地(HS, Heel Strike)和腳尖推蹬(TO,Toe Off)於速度穩定期和速度轉換期雙腳相對運動有何變化。
實驗發現跑者的重心位置無論在穩定期或轉換期都會有變動,無關乎跑帶的速度。左腳在HS和右腳在HS,於10 km/hr到11 km/hr時,穩定期的相位角顯著小於轉換期(p<.05);左腳在TO和右腳在HS,於11 km/hr到10km/hr時,穩定期的相位角顯著大於轉換期(p <.05)、右腳在HS,於9 km/hr到10 km/hr穩定期的相位角顯著小於轉換期(p <.05)。而雙足夾角只有在11 km/hr到10km/hr時,左腳TO、右腳TO和右腳HS,在穩定期和轉換期達顯著差異(p <.05)。由本研究發現,跑帶速度增快時,速度轉換過程中因為跑帶帶動後腳往後,使相位角變大;而跑帶速度減小時,速度轉換過程中,相位角則會變小。但是進入穩定期後,相位角會趨向穩定值,範圍大約是在1510到1570之間。因此,推論在跑步機速度變化時,有經驗的跑者會調整雙腳的相對運動,以維持重心位置在跑帶的安全範圍。
英文摘要 According to previous studies, it has been found that there are differences between treadmill running and overground running for kinematic and kinetic parameters. Therefore, it seemed to be inappropriate to apply the results of treadmill running to overground running. Treadmill movement should be regarded as a new motion mode, and establishing the treadmill motion pattern will be necessary in the future. The purpose of this research is to investigate how the runners control their center of mass in safety region of the treadmill deck as the treadmill speed is changing. A motion capture system (visualeyes4000) was used in this study to capture the kinematics of the thirteen subjects who were asked to run on a motor driven treadmill for ten minutes. The protocol of the speed change is as following: up to 10 km/hr in 2mins, 10 km/hr to 11 km/hr after 4mins, 11 km/hr to 10 km/hr after 6mins, 10 km/hr to 9km/hr after 8mins, 9 km/hr to 10 km/hr after 10mins. The phase angle and bilateral limb angle of the bilateral heel movement were calculated and analyzed at heel strike (HS) and toe off (TO) events of right and left foot.
The results showed that the center of mass of the runners had a little shift during the ten minutes of treadmill running. As the speed increased, the phase angles of bilateral foot were significantly greater in transition phase than those in steady state. As the speed decreased, the phase angles of bilateral foot were significantly smaller in transition phase than those in steady state. However, the phase angle of bilateral foot will go back to stationary region from 1510 to 1570 in the following steady state phase. It seemed to be suggested that the runner seemed to adjust their relative movement of bilateral foot to control their center of mass in the safety region as the treadmill speed changed.
論文目次 目錄
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 前言與背景討論 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 名詞定義 3
第貳章 文獻探討 7
第一節 地面上與跑步機上運動之比較 7
第二節 身體重心在跑步過程中的變化 9
第三節 跑步機跑步和速度改變之關係 13
第四節 使用相位角評估跑步姿勢 15
第五節 總結 18
第參章 研究方法 19
第一節 受試者 19
第二節 儀器設備 19
第三節 跑步機運動分期 20
第四節 實驗流程 22
第五節 資料處理及分析 25
第六節 統計分析 36
第肆章 結果 37
第一節 相位角 37
第二節 雙足夾角(Bilaterl Llimb Angle) 38
第三節 重心X座標 39
第四節 著地期與騰空期的時間 41
第伍章 討論 42
第一節 相位角(Phase Angle) 42
第二節 雙足夾角(Bilater Limb Angle) 45
第三節 重心的X方向位置 47
第四節 騰空期與支撐期 48
第五節 結論與建議 49
參考文獻 52
附錄 57
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