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系統識別號 U0026-1707201518020500
論文名稱(中文) 動力傳遞軸系之旋動與扭轉振動問題的研究
論文名稱(英文) Study on whirling motion and torsional vibration of the power-transmission shaft systems
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 系統及船舶機電工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Systems and Naval Mechatronic Engineering
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 林福堂
研究生(英文) Foung-Tang Lin
學號 P18991022
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 93頁
口試委員 指導教授-邵揮洲
指導教授-吳重雄
召集委員-李雅榮
口試委員-許榮均
口試委員-王偉輝
口試委員-梁卓中
口試委員-鄧作樑
中文關鍵字 正解  自然頻率  振態  旋轉速度  旋動速度  轉速比  等效質量慣性矩。 
英文關鍵字 exact solution  natural frequency  mode shape  spin speed  whirling speed  speed ratio  equivalent mass moment of inertia. 
學科別分類
中文摘要 摘 要
船舶推進軸系的振動形式主要有軸向振動、扭轉振動、橫向振動和迴旋振動等,這些振動的分析攸關船舶推進系統設計的成敗,是船舶軸系設計工程師必須面對的重要課題。其中扭轉振動和迴旋振動都與軸系本身的轉動有關,當轉軸發生扭轉振動時會對軸上圓盤的旋動矩產生週期性的影響,故任何初始位移的發生都會改變轉軸上圓盤的離心力和扭矩,進而導致非同步性的先期振動,如果扭轉振動的自然頻率和迴旋振動的旋動頻率相近時,這種非同步性的先期振動,發生的機率將大增,而使旋轉軸系遭受到損傷。
在現有的文獻中,有關旋轉軸攜帶圓盤系統的迴旋振動分析,大都採用轉移矩陣法或有限元素法以取得近似解,而求取正解的文獻則顯得稀少。本論文之目的在於提出一種解析法,以求得旋轉軸攜帶任意個圓盤系統的旋動速度和振態的正解。理論上,旋轉軸攜帶任意個圓盤系統的旋動問題是一個三維的問題,但是如果將xy-平面和xz-平面的橫向振動位移採用複數來表示,並將旋轉軸上各圓盤的效應,用一個集結質量和一個隨著頻率變動的等效質量慣性矩來模擬,則上述三維的問題,便可以簡化成類似於靜止樑的二維橫向自由振動問題。如此一來,一些現有分析靜止樑攜帶任意個集中圓盤的自由振動行為的技術,便可以被用來分析旋轉軸攜帶任意個圓盤系統的旋動特性。根據上述理論,本文乃列舉一些實例,數值分析的結果顯示,當攜帶任意個圓盤的旋轉軸系繞著其縱向座標軸轉動時,其橫向振動的自然頻率將分離為正向與逆向兩種旋動速度,而旋動的特性會明顯的受到該軸系橫向自由振動時,其圓盤所在位置之振態斜率的影響。為了確認本文所提理論和所發展電腦程式的可靠性,所有的計算結果皆與既有的文獻或有限元素法計算的結果,互相比對,所得結論是「具有良好的一致性」。
英文摘要 Abstract
The vibration analyses of the ship propulsion system, including axial vibration, torsional vibration, transverse vibration and whirling motion etc., are the critical issues for its design, and all the ship-design engineers must face this problem carefully. In which, both the torsional vibration and whirling motion are associated with the shaft rotation, it is obvious that the gyroscopic moment on the propeller, flywheel and flanges etc. will vary periodically, when a torsional vibration occurs in the ship propulsion system, and any initial-displacement-induced non-synchronous precession could be critical.
In the existing literature, the dynamic characteristics of whirling motions of the shaft-disk systems are usually analyzed by using the TMM or FEM. The results of the last methods are the approximate solutions and the exact solution concerned is rare. For this reason, this thesis presents an analytical method for yielding the exact whirling speeds and mode shapes of a distributed-mass shaft mounted by arbitrary rigid disks. In theory, the whirling motion of a shaft-disk system is three-dimensional, however, if the transverse displacement in the xy-plane and that in the xz-plane are combined by using a complex number, and the effects of each rigid disk on the shaft are replaced by a lumped mass together with a frequency-dependent equivalent mass moment of inertia, then the whirling motion of a rotating shaft-disk system will be similar to the two-dimensional transverse free vibration of a stationary beam. Therefore, after the foregoing manipulations, some techniques for the free vibrations of a stationary beam carrying various concentrated elements will be available for the whirling motions of a rotating shaft mounted by arbitrary rigid disks. Based on the above theory, some practical examples are illustrated. Numerical results reveal that when a shaft-disk system is put into a spinning motion about its longitudinal axis, each of its natural frequencies of stationary transverse free vibrations will split into forward whirling speed and backward one, furthermore, the characteristics of whirling motions are significantly dependent on the slopes of the associated natural mode shapes at the positions where the rigid disks located. In order to confirm the reliability of the presented theory and the developed computer programs, most of the results obtained from the presented method are compared with those obtained from the existing literature or the FEM and good agreements are achieved.
論文目次 Table of Contents
Abstract in Chinese (摘要) I
Abstract II
Acknowledgements IV
Table of Contents V
List of Figures VIII
List of Tables XIII
Nomenclature XV
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Motive and objective 1
1.2 Literature reviews 3
1.2.1 Whirling motion 3
1.2.2 Torsional vibration 5
1.3 Structure of the thesis 8
Chapter 2 Whirling motion of the Shaft System 11
2.1 Equation of motion and displacement function for a shaft segment 11
2.2 Differential equations for bending moments and shearing forces 13
2.3 Equilibrium equations for forces and moments on rigid disk 15
2.4 Continuity of deformations and equilibrium of forces (and moments) at each intermediate node i 18
2.5 Boundary conditions at two ends of the entire shaft 20
2.5.1 Shaft with rigid ball-bearing supports 20
2.5.2 Shaft with rigid sliding-bearing supports 20
2.5.3 Shaft with two ends overhanging 21
2.5.4 Shaft with elastic bearing supports 22
2.6 Determination of Whirling speeds and mode shapes 23
2.7 Numerical results and discussions 27
2.7.1 Comparisons with existing literature 27
2.7.1.1 Whirling speeds of an overhanging shaft-disk system 28
2.7.1.2 Whirling motion of a uniform P-P shaft carrying a rigid disk 34
2.7.2 Free vibrations and whirling motions of a P-P shaft carrying multiple disks 38
2.7.2.1 A P-P shaft carrying one central rigid disk 39
2.7.2.2 A P-P shaft carrying two identical rigid disks 45
2.7.2.3 A P-P shaft carrying three identical rigid disks 50
2.8 Experimental results and discussions 55
2.8.1 The arrangement of experimental apparatus 55
2.8.2 The calculation of whirling speed 57
2.8.3 The measuring method and results 57
2.8.4 Comparison of measured data and calculated data 62
Chapter 3 Torsional Vibration 64
3.1 Holzer method for torsional vibration 64
3.2 Transfer matrix method 66
3.3 Finite element method 67
3.4 Numerical assembly method 68
3.4.1 Equation of motion and displacement function for a shaft segment 69
3.4.2 Coefficient matrix for the i-th node point 71
3.4.3 Boundary conditions at two ends of the entire shaft 72
3.4.4 Overall coefficient matrix and frequency equation 74
3.5 Numerical examples 74
3.5.1 A free-free shaft carrying one central rigid disk 75
3.5.2 A free-free shaft carrying two identical rigid disks 78
3.5.3 A free-free shaft carrying three identical rigid disks 82
Chapter 4 Conclusions 84
References 87
Curriculum Vita 91
Publication List 92
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