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系統識別號 U0026-1707201412485500
論文名稱(中文) 扭曲型液晶元件盒中鍍有PVK膜之驅動研究
論文名稱(英文) Driving of twisted-nematic liquid crystal devices coated with poly(N-vinyl carbazole) films
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 物理學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Physics
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生(中文) 蔡鈺雯
研究生(英文) Yu-Wen Tsai
學號 l26001286
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 75頁
口試委員 指導教授-傅永貴
口試委員-林宗賢
口試委員-蔡錦俊
中文關鍵字 液晶  聚乙烯咔唑  微布朗運動  光導體  液晶元件 
英文關鍵字 liquid crystals  poly(N-vinylcarbazole)  micro-Brownian motion  photoconductivity  liquid crystal devices 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本論文主要研究高分子聚乙烯咔唑(簡稱PVK)薄膜用於液晶元件製作所具備的光電與光熱效應。主要將分成兩大部分,第一部分研究顯示出PVK薄膜在UV光照射後,PVK分子側鏈受熱所產生的微布朗運動程度不同,影響液晶排列方向,結果顯示出液晶轉動起始溫度的不同是受到UV光照射PVK薄膜的時間長短所影響,因此,我們利用UV光照射與熱控的條件控制,來製作相位光柵,再針對此相位光柵量測其光電特性,可知其相位光柵由Twisted nematics (TN)與Homogeneous兩種液晶排列態所構成,並由實驗得知,TN grating其優點在於入射光偏振狀態與繞射光強度無關,此結果於光通訊上之應用甚為重要。第二部分為利用PVK之光導體特性,在固定外加直流電場下改變照射UV光的光強度來進行動態灰階控制,因此它有潛力作為智慧玻璃(smart window)之應用。
英文摘要 This thesis studies liquid crystal (LC) devices with the cell coated with poly(N-vinylcarbazole) (PVK) film under the exposure of ultraviolet (UV) light irradiation and temperature effect. The studies are divided into two parts. The first part demonstrates that the alignment effect of PVK film on LC after the cell being irradiated with ultraviolet (UV) light and heated is changed. Before UV irradiation, LCs align perpendicularly to the rubbing direction due to the side strong dipole force. Yet, after UV irradiation and heating, LCs align toward the rubbing direction. The reason is that the micro-Brownian motion of the PVK side chains eliminated the dipole aligning force on LCs. The results show UV exposure time on the PVK film is the key to determine the temperature required starting the switch of LCs alignment. Moreover, we demonstrates the optical properties of the PVK film-coated LC cells under the optically and thermally treatments to fabricate a TN grating. The detailed electro-optical characteristics of the TN grating are measured. The second experiment investigates the photoconductivity of a PVK film. Due to the photoconductivity, the TN LC cell coated with a PVK film could be switched between multiple gray scales optically and electrically. Thus, it possesses potential for being applied for use as a smart window.
論文目次 摘要 I
Summary II
誌謝 VII
目錄 VIII
表目錄 XI
圖目錄 XII
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 液晶簡介 2
2.1何謂液晶? 2
2.2 液晶分類 3
2.2.1 向列型液晶(Nematics) 4
2.2.2膽固醇液晶(Cholesterics) 5
2.2.3 層列型液晶(Smectics) 7
2.2.4 圓盤狀液晶(Discotic) 8
2.3高分子液晶(Liquid crystal polymer , LCP) 9
2.4 液晶物理特性 11
2.4.1 液晶的折射率異向性(雙折射性)(Birefringence) 11
2.4.2 溫度對向列型液晶的影響(Temperature effects) 15
2.4.3 連續彈性體理論(The elastic continuum theory)[25] 16
2.4.4 電場對液晶之影響 18
2.4.5  Freedericksz Transition[27] 19
第三章 相關理論 20
3.1 高分子運動[28] 20
3.1.1 高分子熱效應運動 20
3.1.2 高分子膜配向理論 24
3.1.3 光導電性[33] 25
3.2 溝槽理論 (Groove Theory) 27
3.3 扭轉向列型液晶(Twisted Nematic Liquid Crystal) 27
第四章 材料介紹與樣品製作 32
4.1 材料介紹 32
4.1.1 向列型液晶 32
4.1.2聚乙烯咔唑〔poly(N-vinylcarbazole),簡稱PVK)〕 33
4.2 樣品製作 35
4.2.1 玻璃清洗 35
4.2.2 玻璃基板表面配向 36
4.2.3 空液晶盒製作 39
4.2.4 液晶材料填充 40
第五章 PVK薄膜式液晶元件在UV光照射下之配向切換研究及其應用 41
5.1 不同UV光照時間下液晶受熱配向之切換情形 41
5.2 比較照UV光與未照光下液晶受熱後的配向狀態 44
5.3 液晶元件製作及光電效應量測 48
5.3.1液晶元件製作 48
5.3.2 不同入射偏振光對於TN-grating繞射之探討 51
5.3.3 入射線性偏振光方向對於TN-grating之繞射效率之影響 51
5.3.4 外加電場下TN-grating繞射效率之變化 56
5.4 PVK薄膜式液晶元件在外加直流電場下之UV光調變現象及其應用 60
5.4.1 實驗動機 60
5.4.2 PVK薄膜式液晶元件在外加直流電場下之UV光調變現象 60
5.4.3 PVK薄膜式液晶元件調控灰階之應用 65
第六章 結論與未來展望 69
6.1 結論 69
6.2 未來展望 70
參考文獻(References) 72
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