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系統識別號 U0026-1707201319032500
論文名稱(中文) 人格特質與知覺組織支持對台灣精神科醫師離職意圖之影響—以自我效能、創業意圖與組織承諾為中介變數
論文名稱(英文) Personality Trait, Perceived Organizational Support and Turnover Intention of Taiwan Psychiatrist—Mediated by Self Efficacy, Entrepreneurial Intention and Organizational Commitment?
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)
系所名稱(英) Executive Master of Business Administration (EMBA)
學年度 101
學期 2
出版年 102
研究生(中文) 王璇璣
研究生(英文) Hsuan-chi Wang
學號 R07994263
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 78頁
口試委員 口試委員-簡俊成
口試委員-林怡君
口試委員-劉玉雯
指導教授-史習安
中文關鍵字 五大人格特質  離職意圖  知覺組織支持 
英文關鍵字 Turnover intention  big five personality trait  perceived organizational support 
學科別分類
中文摘要   有鑑於台灣精神科醫師就業市場近年來之波動及綜合醫院精神科醫師離職與自行開業逐年增加的趨勢,本研究試圖探討五大人格特質對於台灣精神科醫師離職意圖之直接影響,以及創業意圖、自我效能之角色。此外,研究中也檢視知覺組織支持對離職意圖之影響,以及組織承諾在其中所扮演之角色。
  本研究以所有目前在台灣執業中之精神科醫師作為研究對象,並以郵件、親自遞送及網路三方面進行不記名問卷發放,共計回收198份問卷,有效樣本192份,佔母群體(1410人)之13.6%。迴歸分析結果顯示,(1)外向性、嚴謹性、經驗開放性特質愈高則自我效能愈高,神經質特質愈高時自我效能愈低;(2)經驗開放性特質愈高時創業意圖愈高;(3)外向性特質愈高則離職意圖愈低,經驗開放性特質愈高時離職意圖愈高;(4)自我效能在經驗開放性特質與離職意圖之間具有部分中介效果;(5)創業意圖在經驗開放性特質與離職意圖之間具有完全中介效果;(6)知覺組織支持愈高則離職意圖愈低,且組織承諾在此關係中具有完全中介效果。
  另外,變異數分析顯示,對於執業未滿十年的年輕台灣精神科醫師而言,同時有管理職或教職等其他職位之受雇醫師較僅具醫師職位者有較高的友善性特質,而院長或院所負責人之經驗開放性較受雇醫師高。對於執業超過十年的台灣精神科醫師而言,院長或院所負責人之神經質特質較受雇醫師低,而僅具醫師職位之受雇醫師之自我效能較具有其他職位之受雇醫師及院長或院所負責人低。
  本研究之貢獻在首篇直接針對台灣精神科醫師,利用普查方式探討在屬性相對其他職業類型較為封閉的醫療就業環境中,個人因素對於離職與職業選擇的影響,期望能拋磚引玉,提供未來對台灣精神科醫師就業市場研究的參考。
英文摘要 The purpose of this research was to investigate how personality traits influenced the turnover intention of practicing psychiatrists in Taiwan and the mediating role of self efficacy and entrepreneurial intention. Meanwhile, this study examined the relationship between perceived organizational support (POS) and turnover intention, and the mediating effect of organizational commitment.
We conducted a sensus to all psychiatrists currently practicing in Taiwan by delivering anominated questionnaire face-to-face, through mail, email, or facebook bulletin. One hundred and ninety-two samples were retrieved, which accounted for 13.6% of the population (N=1410). Regression analysis revealed: (1) Extraversion, Conscientiousness, neuroticism and openness to experience predicted self efficacy (E+, C+, O+, N-); (2) Openness to experience positively predicted entrepreneurial intention; (3) Extraversion negatively predicted turnover intention; (4) Openness to experience positively predicted turnover intention through partial medication by self efficacy and full mediation by entrepreneurial intention; (4) POS negatively predicted turnover intention through full mediation by organizational commitment.
Besides, among young psychiatrist (<10 years of practice), psychiatrists with manager or other positions appeared to have higher aggreableness than those without these positions, while hospital or clinic owners had higher openness to experiences compared to hired psychiatrists. Among senior psychiatrist (> 10 years of practice), hospital or clinic owners had lower neuroticism, and psychiatrists without any other positions (owner or manager) had lower self efficacy.
This empirical research examined how personal factors acted on the turnover intention and career decision of psychiatrists in Taiwan. Further study should be done to involve more psychiatrists and focused more on the relationship between person and environment.
論文目次 摘要 II
Abstract III
誌謝 IV
目錄 V
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 文獻探討 4
第三章 研究方法 18
第四章 實證分析與結果 30
第五章 討論與建議 59
參考文獻 67
附錄—研究問卷 73
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