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系統識別號 U0026-1609201220141300
論文名稱(中文) 以電化學阻抗頻譜檢測密封型鉛酸電池的儲電狀態
論文名稱(英文) Detection on SOC of VRLA Battery with EIS
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 電機工程學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Electrical Engineering
學年度 101
學期 2
出版年 102
研究生(中文) 吳品謙
研究生(英文) Pin-Chian Wu
學號 n26990055
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 91頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳建富
指導教授-張凌昇
口試委員-吳瑞南
口試委員-張宏展
口試委員-楊隆生
口試委員-阮昱霖
中文關鍵字 電化學阻抗頻譜  曲線回歸  儲電狀態  離線  在線 
英文關鍵字 electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS)  curve fitting  state of charge (SOC)  off-line  on-line 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本文以電化學阻抗頻譜為基礎針對密封型鉛酸電池於不同狀態下的儲電狀態情況進行量測,狀態包括在線及離線。將量測結果與建立的等效電路模型進行曲線回歸分析,以驗證二者之正確性,並將分析後的各項等效電路參數值與誤差百分比進行比較以觀察儲電狀態與各項等效電路參數的變化關聯,部分電路參數與儲電狀態呈負相關而部分的與儲電狀態大致成正相關。除了各項等效電路參數變化以外也可看出電池狀態在不同情況下的變化。在經過一連串實驗與分析後驗證了電化學阻抗頻譜對電池儲電狀態檢測之可行性。
英文摘要 In this thesis, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is adopted to detect the state of charge (SOC) of valve regulated lead acid (VRLA) battery under off-line and on-line conditions. The measurement results and the built equivalent electrical model can verify each other with curve fitting analysis. Value and error % of all parameters of equivalent circuit can be compared after analyses so that observation on the relations between those parameters and SOC can be implemented. Some parameters are inversely proportional to SOC and the others are approximately proportional to SOC. In addition to variations of every parameter of equivalent circuit, the situation of batteries can be observed easily when batteries change under different circumstances. The feasibility of detection on the SOC of battery with EIS can be ensured after series experiments and analyses.
論文目次 摘 要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌 謝 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 ix
第一章 緒論 1
1.1背景 1
1.2 動機 2
1.3 論文大綱 3
第二章 應用原理 4
2.1 鉛酸電池 4
2.1.1鉛酸電池構造 4
2.1.2 鉛酸電池充放電反應 6
2.1.3 電池狀態 7
2.2 交流阻抗與開爾文接法 8
2.3 電化學阻抗頻譜等效電路參數 10
2.3.1 電雙層電容 11
2.3.2 常數相位元件 12
2.3.3 半無限擴散組阻抗 13
2.3.4 有限擴散阻抗 15
2.3.5 電荷轉移電阻 16
2.4 電化學阻抗頻譜等效電路模型 16
2.4.1 靜態時的等效電路模型 16
2.4.2 動態時的等效電路模型 18
2.5 曲線回歸 19
第三章 實驗方法與步驟 20
3.1 實驗規劃 20
3.2 實驗步驟 23
第四章 實驗結果 29
4.1 量測穩定度測試 29
4.2電池不同儲電狀態的離線量測 32
4.2.1 電池以1 C抽載的離線量測 33
4.2.2電池以0.1 C抽載的離線量測 33
4.2.3電池抽載後靜置不同時間的比較 34
4.3電池不同儲電狀態的在線量測 36
4.3.1 以1 C抽載的在線量測 37
4.3.2 以0.5 C抽載的在線量測 38
4.3.3 以0.1 C抽載的在線量測 39
第五章 實驗結果之分析與討論 40
5.1 曲線回歸分析 40
5.1.1 離線量測結果分析 40
5.1.2 在線量測結果分析 46
5.2 其他判定方法 54
第六章 結論與未來研究方向 56
參考文獻 58
附錄 63

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