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系統識別號 U0026-1608202023145800
論文名稱(中文) 自製非硫化觸媒產替代氫化柴油
論文名稱(英文) The Production of Hydro-processed Renewable Diesel (HRD) through non-sulfide catalyst
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 航空太空工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Aeronautics & Astronautics
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生(中文) 林哲愷
研究生(英文) Jhe-Kai Lin
學號 P46071408
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 41頁
口試委員 指導教授-王偉成
口試委員-林裕川
口試委員-鄭金祥
口試委員-陳榮洪
中文關鍵字 替代氫化柴油(HRD)  非硫化催化劑  催化劑再生  十六烷值  自燃溫度(AIT) 
英文關鍵字 Hydro-processed Renewable Diesel(HRD)  Non-sulfide Catalyst  Catalyst regeneration  Cetane number  Autoignition Temperature(AIT) 
學科別分類
中文摘要 由於傳統商用催化劑NiMoS2/γ-Al2O3含有硫,導致產物與環境受到硫汙染。且Pd/C等貴重金屬催化劑,價格太昂貴。因此在這項研究中,主要開發非硫化催化劑的製作,並將棕櫚油轉化為替代氫化柴油(HRD)。首先不同載體(γ-Al2O3與SAPO-11)和金屬(Ni與Mo)的催化劑進行實驗比較。透過不同的溫度、壓力與氫油比,使用GC-MS/FID與GC-TCD,探討液體與氣體產物的組成。並且分析轉化率、選擇性與產率,研究此催化劑最佳的實驗條件。在催化劑失活後,透過鍛燒法再生。使用XRD、TGA、FTIR和氮氣等溫吸附/脫附儀,進行新鮮、失活與再生催化劑的特性分析。最後測試HRD的燃油特性(包括:十六烷值、自燃溫度、閃火點與煙點)。
英文摘要 Because the traditional commercial catalyst NiMoS2/γ-Al2O3 contained sulfur, lead to the product and the environment are polluted by sulfur. In addition, precious metal catalysts such as Pd/C are too expensive. Therefore, in this study, the production of non-sulfide catalysts is mainly developed and palm oil is converted into hydro-processed renewable diesel (HRD). First, the catalysts with different supports (γ-Al2O3 and SAPO-11) and metals (Ni and Mo) are compared in experiments. Through different temperature, pressure, H2-to-oil ratio and weight hourly space velocity (WHSV), using GC-MS/FID and GC-TCD to explore the composition of liquid and gas products. Analyze the conversion rate, selectivity and yield, and study the best experimental conditions for this catalyst. After the catalyst is deactivated, it is regenerated by calcining. Use XRD, TGA, FTIR and Nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherm to analyze the characteristics of fresh, deactivated and regenerated catalysts. Finally, test the fuel characteristics of HRD (including: cetane number, autoignition temperature, flash point, and smoke point).
論文目次 中文摘要 II
EXTENDED ABSTRACT III
致謝 VII
表目錄 XI
圖目錄 XII
縮寫 XIII
第一章 1
前言 1
第二章 6
實驗 6
2.1 原料 6
2.2 催化劑製作 7
2.3 實驗設備 7
2.4 實驗步驟 9
2.5 催化劑特性檢測儀器 10
2.5.1 X-射線粉末繞射光譜(Powder X-Ray Diffraction; PXRD) 10
2.5.2熱重分析儀 (Thermal Gravimetric Analysis;TGA) 10
2.5.3氮氣等溫吸附/脫附測量(N2 Adsorption/Desorption Isotherm) 10
2.5.4穿透式電子顯微鏡 (Transmission Electron Microscopy;TEM) 10
2.5.5傅立葉轉換红外光谱 (Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy;FTIR) 10
2.6 產物分析 11
2.6.1油品檢測方式 11
2.6.2氣體檢測方式 11
2.7 計算方法 12
2.8 燃油特性測試方法 13
2.8.1十六烷值量測 13
2.8.2自燃溫度量測 13
2.8.3閃火點量測 13
2.8.4煙點量測 13
第三章 14
結果與討論 14
3.1 催化劑中金屬與載體對產物組成的影響 14
3.2 操作參數對產物組成的影響 17
3.2.1溫度的影響 17
3.2.2壓力的影響 18
3.2.3氫油比的影響 20
3.3 催化劑特性分析 22
3.3.1 X光繞射分析(XRD) 22
3.3.2 結構特性分析(BET) 23
3.3.3 熱重分析(TGA) 24
3.3.4 傅立葉轉換红外光谱分析(FTIR) 25
3.4 催化劑耐久與再生實驗 26
3.4.1催化劑耐久實驗 26
3.4.2催化劑再生實驗 30
3.5 燃油性質分析 33
3.5.1十六烷值測試分析 33
3.5.2自燃溫度測試分析 33
3.5.3閃火點測試分析 33
3.5.4煙點測試分析 33
第四章 36
結論 36
參考文獻 37


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