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系統識別號 U0026-1608201821473400
論文名稱(中文) 以厭氧流體化床薄膜生物反應器處理含二甲基亞碸之晶圓封測有機廢水之研究
論文名稱(英文) Biological Treatment of Dimethyl Sulfoxide-Containing Wastewater from Semiconductor Industry Using Anaerobic Fluidized Membrane Bioreactor
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 環境工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Environmental Engineering
學年度 106
學期 2
出版年 107
研究生(中文) 吳青樺
研究生(英文) Ching-Hua Wu
學號 P56054173
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 137頁
口試委員 指導教授-黃良銘
口試委員-王雅玢
口試委員-林財富
口試委員-林志高
中文關鍵字 二甲基亞碸  二甲基硫醚  厭氧流體化床薄膜生物反應器  厭氧甲烷化 
英文關鍵字 dimethyl sulfoxide  dimethyl sulfide  anaerobic fluidized bed membrane bioreactor  methanogenesis 
學科別分類
中文摘要 二甲基亞碸(DMSO)為晶圓封測廢水中常見的有機成分之一,相較於好氧生物處理程序,厭氧生物程序既因節省能源且能產生生質氣體(Biogas)而於近年來被廣泛應用,因此本研究探討厭氧流體化床薄膜生物反應器(AFMBR)處理含DMSO之晶圓封測有機廢水的效能,並結合分子生物的技術了解當中甲烷菌菌群變化,同時透過批次實驗進一步瞭解DMSO在厭氧環境下之降解機制。在AFMBR 377天的操作期間,DMSO的去除效率可達99%以上,過程中溫度的下降將導致出流水中二甲基硫醚(DMS)的累積。在0.33 kg m-3 d-1的DMSO負荷下,甲烷產率可達0.353 L g-1 CODremoved,伴隨少量的二氧化碳、DMS及硫化氫的產生,此時主要的甲烷菌為Methanomethylovorans spp.,其存在可能與DMS降解有關。批次結果則顯示,無論活性碳上的微生物(GAC)或懸浮汙泥(Suspended sludge)皆有能力降解DMSO,且於 2400 mg L-1的初始DMSO濃度下,其比降解速率較反應槽操作的1200 mg L-1還高,顯示反應槽於更高濃度的操作潛力。而在DMS批次中,GAC和懸浮汙泥分別在DMS初始濃度為383 mg L-1和513 mg L-1時有最佳之比降解速率,各別為0.3 mmole h-1 kg GAC-1和15.6 mmole h-1 kg VSS-1。根據批次結果推算,AFMBR中附著於GAC上的微生物貢獻了80%的DMSO降解,以及68-85%的DMS降解,皆比懸浮污泥的貢獻高。整體而言,厭氧生物處理可有效去除廢水中的DMSO,然而能否有效進一步轉化DMS為硫化氫將是未來須考量的關鍵之一。
英文摘要 Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is a common organic component in semiconductor wastewater, which can be treated by either aerobic or anaerobic biological process. Anaerobic biological treatment, compare to aerobic process, requires lower energy and can recover biogas for further application. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the feasibility of anaerobic fluidized bed membrane bioreactor (AFMBR) for treating DMSO-containing wastewater. The degradation mechanism of DMSO was evaluated through batch experiments, and the methanogenic community in AFMBR was monitored by terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP). During the 377 days of operation, AFMBR could maintain a DMSO removal above 99%, however, the decrease in temperature led to the accumulation of dimethyl sulfide (DMS). Under the DMSO loading rate of 0.33 kg m-3 d-1, methane yield of 0.353 L g-1 CODremoved can be achieved with minor production of CO2, DMS, and H2S. The dominant methanogen was Methanomethylovorans spp., which might relate to the DMS degradation. The results from batch experiments show that microorganisms attached on GAC and those in suspended sludge can both degrade DMSO anaerobically, and the higher specific DMSO degradation rate under initial DMSO concentration of 2.4 g L-1 implies the potential of treating DMSO at elevated level using AFMBR. In the batches using DMS, the GAC and suspended sludge had the optimized specific degradation rates of 0.3 mmole h-1 kg-1GAC and 15.6 mmole h-1 kg-1VSS under initial DMS concentrations of 383 mg L-1 and 513 mg L-1, respectively. It was estimated from results of batch experiments that microorganisms on GAC contributed 80% of DMSO degradation and 68-85% of DMS degradation, which is much higher than suspended sludge did. Overall speaking, anaerobic process can effectively remove DMSO from wastewater, but solution for the DMS accumulation under certain conditions is still needed to achieve the complete sulfur removal.
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
Acknowledge III
Table of Content VI
List of Tables X
List of Figures XIV
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Objectives 3
Chapter 2 Literature Review 4
2.1 Semiconductor Industry 4
2.2 Characteristic of Semiconductor Industry Wastewater 6
2.3 Degradation of Sulfide 10
2.3.1 Sulfur Cycle 10
2.3.2 Dimethyl-Sulfoxide Removal 13
2.3.3 DMSO-Degrading Microorganisms 20
2.4 Anaerobic Bioreactor 23
2.4.1 Anaerobic Fluidized Bed Reactor (AFBR) 23
2.4.2 Anaerobic Membrane Bioreactor (AnMBR) 27
2.4.3 Anaerobic Fluidized Membrane Bioreactor(AFMBR) 31
2.5 Molecular Biotechnology 36
Chapter 3 Materials and Methods 41
3.1 Characteristics of Organic Wastewater from Semiconductor Industry 42
3.2 Pilot-Scale Anaerobic Fluidized Membrane Bioreactor 43
3.3 Batch Tests 49
3.3.1 DMSO Degradation Batch Tests 49
3.3.2 DMS Degradation Batch Experiments 52
3.4 Analytical Methods 56
3.4.1 General Water Quality Analysis 56
3.4.2 Instrumental Analysis 56
3.5 Molecular Biotechnology Methods 60
3.5.1 DNA Extraction 61
3.5.2 Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) 62
3.5.3 Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (T-RFLP) 65
Chapter 4 Results and Discussion 68
4.1 Pilot-scale anaerobic fluidized membrane bioreactor (AFMBR) 68
4.1.1 Water quality analysis and parameter monitoring of AFMBR 68
4.1.2 Gas production and composition 75
4.1.3 Surface properties of membrane and GAC under scanning electronic microscope 77
4.1.4 Methanogenic microbial analysis using T-RFLP 80
4.1.5 Pilot parameter and efficiency evaluation analysis 86
4.2 Batch experiments for DMSO degradation 93
4.2.1 Batch experiments of DMSO degradation in wastewater 93
4.2.2 Batch experiments of DMSO degradation in water 98
4.3 Batch experiments for DMS degradation 101
4.3.1 Batch experiments of DMS degradation by GAC 101
4.3.2 Batch experiments of DMS degradation by suspended sludge 112
4.4 Summary of batch experiments 125
Chapter 5 Conclusions 128
Reference 131

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