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系統識別號 U0026-1608201606525100
論文名稱(中文) 亞洲區域巨型都市路網拓撲結構之比較研究
論文名稱(英文) Comparative Study on Asian Megacity`s road network topology
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 都市計劃學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Urban Planning
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 李梓寧
研究生(英文) Zi-ning Li
學號 P26033016
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 71頁
口試委員 口試委員-林峰田
口試委員-陳志宏
口試委員-邱景升
指導教授-林漢良
中文關鍵字 巨型都市  比較研究  路網  空間型構法則 
英文關鍵字 Megacity  Comparative study  Road network  Space Syntax 
學科別分類
中文摘要 巨型都市(Megacity)隨著全球都市化進程的加快正不斷增多,而伴隨其形成的住房、交通、糧食等問題則逐漸成為都市永續發展的阻礙。城市規劃者與管理者在都市的永續規劃上做了大量的努力,但這些工作的效力不同程度的受到都市尺度變化的影響。在規劃效益面上往往表現為隨著都市尺度的增大而非線性降低。同時,對比西方巨型都市的較為穩定的規模,亞洲巨型都市的人口與規模仍在快速增長之中。這些現象說明了現有的城市規劃空間與經濟理論,在亞洲巨型都市的應用上存在著可補充的空間。
在支持巨型都市的發展上,都市網路結構往往會成為其基礎之一。一方面是由於都市網路結構很大程度的反應了都市發展的空間形態和可及性變化,另一方面其網路關係也能夠反應經濟等社會因素所造成的影響。
本研究的研究議題將聚焦於亞洲巨型都市的路網拓撲結構比較之上,嘗試觀察不同巨型都市的爆炸式發展在交通結構擴張與變化的引導下的異同之處,包含有路網的特性、動線等面向。以空間型構法則(Space Syntex)作為主要的拓撲關係研究方法進行研究,同時針對巨型都市尺度的全域性及局部性指標做出一定的統計解釋。借鑒和應用部分都市比較理論,嘗試探討空間分析指標對於所選較大尺度的都市街道結構是否有可比性之意義。
英文摘要 This study will focus on the following topics: Application of Space Syntax quantization means to study Asian megacities: Seoul, Shanghai, Beijing and so on, to see if they can be comparative observed. The study will use the axis line as the main analytical tool to do the initial data operations and establish a database of the chosen megacities in the same standard. We try to learn and use part of the urban comparison theory, to investigate whether the spatial indicators of Space Syntax are meaningful to the comparative study of the selected megacities` road network. Then adding some indicators such like the urban economic indicators or urban ecological indicators, which can be observed the correlation lies. Using simple measurement methods to discuss the similarities and differences between megacities and attempt to sum up some law, for the test of other cities to observe whether the law can work.
Keywords: Megacity, Space Syntax, Comparative study, Road network.
INTRODUCTION
Megacity got lots of difference with the small and medium size cities, especially in living, transportation, food problem and so on. Urban planners and administrative bodies do a lot of effort to ensure a sustainable functioning of cities, but seldom worked in megacities. They require reliable information to assess the consequences of urbanization and minimize negative impacts from megacities. The megacities` network will become the basis of these analyses since it directly show the morphology of the city. In this situation, Space Syntax theory can be used as a topology method to study these urbanization processes. Space Syntax theory has been used to study a variety of topics in related fields in nearly two decade, from the urban scale study like urban transportation systems to small-scale study like the internal space of the building. It builds a standard to describe the road network. This city-scale study based on urban transportation systems will also have an enormous help to urban planning and management, especially in Asian region. Asia got the highest number of megacity in the world, but with the great disparities between cities in urban development process at the same time. The development of the region compare to Europe or America is still not a small gap.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
This study has conducted preliminary process and analysis to data of Beijing, Shanghai and Seoul, and research object will be increased according to the research process. It is expected to obtain preliminary comparison result by comparing the computing result of the urban networks, and then select cities for verification.
The research method will be based on Space Syntax theory, including the axis mode of the three methods below.
The space indicators shown in the following table can be obtained after the axis drawing is computed with Depthmap software.
With the development of the city, when the appearance of urban agglomeration reached a large scale, such as to achieve the megacity level, observing the formation of network topology in a wide area, they have certain similarity, such as from a rectangle or some irregular shape into the round. These morphological changes may be studied further when we have a further explore with the Megacity level in the future, like discussing the large scale city, even the common law of the change of urban community. From the analysis on center of the three cities, combined with spatial structure parameter chart analysis and data skew analysis, we can observe that Rn indeed in some core part of the city has agglomeration phenomenon. And in the skew curve, Rn will form some part of peak waves. This conforms to the Hiller's ratiocination about this phenomenon. However, it does not express the all core areas of an area, especially in some multiple-center-city analysis.
CONCLUSION
The spatial structure parameters of the city also present the historical development characteristics of the city itself. Due to the large data volume brought by the large scale and the difficulties in picture processing of 3D space itself, 3D space processing and analyzing of the urban spatial structure are inevitable to be one of the difficulties of Megacity researches in the future. For the analysis on city scale in Megacity, the spatial structure data itself does not have the value of direct comparison, which is different from some small scale spatial structures. This is determined by the huge amount of individual data and their large differences.
論文目次 第一章、緒論 1
第一節、研究動機與目的 1
第二節、研究範疇與限制 4
第三節、研究內容及實際操作 6
第四節、研究流程及預期成果 8
第二章、文獻回顧 10
第一節、Megacity相關理論及研究 10
第二節、空間型構法則(Space Syntax) 15
第三節、多城市比較理論 18
第三章、研究模型設計及資料說明 22
第一節、研究方法說明 22
第二節、軸線圖(Axial Map)形式解析 26
第三節、軟體模型建制 28
第四節、分析模式初步說明 29
第五節、實證地區資料說明 29
第四章、實證分析 31
第一節、首爾市街道空間型構實證分析 31
第二節、上海市街道空間型構實證分析 36
第三節、北京市街道空間型構實證分析 40
第四節、東京市街道空間型構實證分析 44
第五節、以北京及上海為例納入捷運軌道交通考量觀察空間型構變化 48
第五章、空間型構初步比較探究 53
第一節、空間型構數據對比,以北京、首爾二市為例 53
第二節、四巨型都市Rn值共同比較討論 54
第三節、圖化表現及數據初步比較探究總結 64
第六章、結論與建議 65
參考文獻 67

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