進階搜尋


   電子論文尚未授權公開,紙本請查館藏目錄
(※如查詢不到或館藏狀況顯示「閉架不公開」,表示該本論文不在書庫,無法取用。)
系統識別號 U0026-1607201820015900
論文名稱(中文) 印尼婦女產後憂鬱症之轉變及其相關因素探討
論文名稱(英文) Postpartum Depressive Symptoms and Its Related Factors among Women in Indonesia
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 護理學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Nursing
學年度 106
學期 2
出版年 107
研究生(中文) 崔千雪
研究生(英文) Astri Mutiar
學號 T26057072
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 64頁
口試委員 指導教授-王靜枝
召集委員-許玉雲
口試委員-王瑤華
中文關鍵字 none 
英文關鍵字 Factors  postpartum depressive symptoms 
學科別分類
中文摘要 none
英文摘要 Background: Postpartum depression has caught more public health attention due to the high prevalence and significant adverse effects. The prevalence of postpartum depression varies in different periods of postpartum.
Purpose: The purposes of the study was to compare the postpartum depressive symptoms between the 7th-day and the 40th-day postpartum periods and identify related factors of postpartum depressive symptoms score overtime.
Methods: A prospective study design with two time measurement was carried out in sample of 124 women at 7th-day and the 40th-day postpartum. A convenience sampling method was used to recruited sample from primary health care in West Java between September 2017 and March 2018. Demographic characteristics and Indonesian version of Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) were used for data collection. Chi-square and linear fixed effect model were performed for statistical analysis.
Results: Results showed that the prevalence of postpartum depressive symptoms was 33.9% and 30.6% at the 7th-day and the 40th-day postpartum period, respectively. Younger age, delivery complication, multiparous women, mother as postpartum key helper and breastfeeding practice were identified as significant factors contributing to postpartum depressive symptoms over time.
Conclusion: The level of postpartum depressive symptoms in current study decreased over time from the 7th-day and the 40th-day postpartum period. Delivery complication and younger age were significant factors to higher postpartum depressive symptoms. Meanwhile, multiparous women, women who have their mother stayed as postpartum key helper, and women who breastfeed her baby experienced less depressive symptoms.

Keywords: Factors, postpartum depressive symptoms
論文目次 TABLE OF CONTENT
ABSTRACT i
ACKNOWLEDGMENT ii
TABLE OF CONTENT iii
LIST OF TABLES vi
LIST OF FIGURES vii
CHAPTER ONE 1
INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Research Background. 1
1.2 Study Purpose 3
1.3 Research Questions 3
CHAPTER TWO 4
LITERATURE REVIEW 4
2.1 Postpartum Depression Symptoms 4
2.2 Changes in Postpartum Depressive Symptoms 5
2.3 Risk Factors of Postpartum Depressive Symptoms 5
2.4 Research Framework 12
2.5 Definition of terms 14
2.5.1 Postpartum Depressive Symptoms 14
2.5.2 Pregnancy Complication 14
2.5.3 Delivery Complication 14
CHAPTER THREE 15
METHODS 15
3.1 Study Design 15
3.2 Sample and Setting 15
3.3 Measures 15
3.3.1 Demographic Data and Risk Factors Questionnaire 16
3.3.2 Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) 17
3.4 Ethical Consideration 18
3.5 Data Collection 19
3.6 Data Analysis 20
CHAPTER FOUR 21
RESULTS 21
4.1 Demographic Characteristic of the Subject 21
4.3 Changes of Postpartum Depressive Symptoms 27
4.4 Factors Related to Postpartum Depressive Symptoms 28
CHAPTER FIVE 30
DISCUSSION 30
5.1 Postpartum Depressive Symptoms and Its Changes 30
5.2 Factors Related to Postpartum Depressive Symptoms 31
5.3 Limitation of the Study 35
5.4 Future Recommendations 35
5.5 Implication 35
5.6 Conclusion 35
REFERENCES 37
APPENDICES 49
Appendix 1. Supplementary Table 49
Appendix 2. Permission To Use EPDS 51
Appendix 3. Ethical Clearance Document 52
Appendix 4. Informed Consent (English) 53
Appendix 5. Informed Consent (Bahasa Indonesia) 55
Appendix 6. Research Questionnaire (Demographic Data & Other Factors Questionnaire Variables – English) 57
Appendix 7. Research Questionnaire (Demographic Data & Other Factors Questionnaire Variables – Indonesia) 59
Appendix 8. Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) English Version 61
Appendix 9. Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) Indonesian Version 63
參考文獻 Abujilban, S. K., Abuidhail, J., Al-Modallal, H., Hamaideh, S., & Mosemli, O. (2014). Predictors of antenatal depression among Jordanian pregnant women in their third trimester. Health care for women international, 35(2), 200-215.
Al Dallal, F. H., & Grant, I. N. (2012). Postnatal depression among Bahraini women: prevalence of symptoms and psychosocial risk factors/Depression postnatal chez des femmes Bahrainis: prevalence des symptomes et des facteurs de risque psychosocial. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 18(5), 432.
Almond, P. (2009). Postnatal depression: A global public health perspective. Perspectives in Public Health, 129(5), 221-227.
Amankwaa, L. C. (2003). Postpartum depression, culture and African-American women. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 10(1), 23.
American Psychological Association. (2004). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th Ed.).Text Revision. Washington, D.C
Andajani-Sutjahjo, S., Manderson, L., & Astbury, J. (2007). Complex emotions, complex problems: understanding the experiences of perinatal depression among new mothers in urban Indonesia. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 31(1), 101-122.
APA. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders fifth edition DSM-V American psychiatric association. USA: APA American Psychiatric publishing. ISBN 978-0-89042-554-1.
Austin, M. P., & Lumley, J. (2003). Antenatal screening for postnatal depression: a systematic review. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 107(1), 10-17.
Beck, C. T. (2001). Predictors of postpartum depression: An update. Nursing Research Society and the Western Institute of Nursing, 50(5), 275-285.
Beck, C., & Gable, R. (2001). Comparative analysis of the performance of the postpartum depression screening scale with two other depression instruments. Nursing Research, 50(4), 242-250. doi: 10.1097/00006199-200107000-00008
Bina, R. (2008). The impact of cultural factors upon postpartum depression: A literature review. Health Care for Women International, 29(6), 568-592.
Blom, E. A., Jansen, P. W., Verhulst, F. C., Hofman, A., Raat, H., Jaddoe, V. W. V., ... & Tiemeier, H. (2010). Perinatal complications increase the risk of postpartum depression. The Generation R Study. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 117(11), 1390-1398.
Boyce, P. M., & Todd, A. L. (1992). Increased risk of postnatal depression after emergency. Med. J. Australia, 157(3), 172-174.
Carter, F. A., Frampton, C. M., & Mulder, R. T. (2006). Cesarean section and postpartum depression: a review of the evidence examining the link. Psychosomatic Medicine, 68(2), 321-330.
Chaaya, M., Campbell, O. M. R., El Kak, F., Shaar, D., Harb, H., & Kaddour, A. (2002). Postpartum depression: prevalence and determinants in Lebanon. Archives of women's mental health, 5(2), 65-72.
Chan, S., & Levy, V. (2004). Postnatal depression: a qualitative study of the experiences of a group of Hong Kong Chinese women. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 13(1), 120-123.
Chandran, M., Tharyan, P., Muliyil, J., & Abraham, S. (2002). Post-partum depression in a cohort of women from a rural area of Tamil Nadu, India. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 181(6), 499-504.
Chaudron, L., Szilagyi, P., Tang, W., Anson, E., Talbot, N., & Wadkins, H. et al. (2010). Accuracy of depression screening tools for identifying postpartum depression among urban mothers. PEDIATRICS, 125(3), e609-e617. doi: 10.1542/peds.2008-3261
Chi, X., Zhang, P., Wu, H., & Wang, J. (2016). Screening for postpartum depression and associated factors among women in China: A Cross-Sectional Study. Frontiers in psychology, 7.Cohen, 1998
Cox, J., Holden, J., & Sagovsky, R. (1987). Detection of postnatal depression. Development of the 10-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. The British Journal Of Psychiatry, 150(6), 782-786. doi: 10.1192/bjp.150.6.782
Dagher, R. K., Hofferth, S. L., & Lee, Y. (2014). Maternal depression, pregnancy intention, and return to paid work after childbirth. Women's Health Issues, 24(3), e297-e303.
Daly, B., Young, S., Marla, R., Riddell, L., Junkin, R., & Weidenhammer, N. et al. (2017). Persistent pain after cesarean section and its association with maternal anxiety and socioeconomic background. International Journal Of Obstetric Anesthesia, 29, 57-63. doi: 10.1016/j.ijoa.2016.10.004
Dennis, C. L., & Ross, L. E. (2006). The clinical utility of maternal self‐reported personal and familial psychiatric history in identifying women at risk for postpartum depression. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 85(10), 1179-1185.
Dennis, C., Janssen, P., & Singer, J. (2004). Identifying women at-risk for postpartum depression in the immediate postpartum period. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 110(5), 338-346. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2004.00337.
Dindar, I., & Erdogan, S. (2007). Screening of Turkish women for postpartum depression within the first postpartum year: the risk profile of a community sample. Public Health Nursing, 24(2), 176-183
Dørheim Ho-Yen, S., Tschudi Bondevik, G., Eberhard-Gran, M., & Bjorvatn, B. (2007). Factors associated with depressive symptoms among postnatal women in Nepal. Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 86(3), 291-297. doi:10.1080/00016340601110812
Edwards, G. D., Shinfuku, N., Gittelman, M., Ghozali, E. W., Haniman, F., Wibisono, S., Rappe, P. (2006). Postnatal depression in Surabaya, Indonesia. International Journal of Mental Health, 35(1), 62-74
Elsanti, D., & Sumarni, N. S. S. (2016). The effect of stress and social support among postpartum depression women in Indonesia. GSTF Journal of Nursing and Health Care (JNHC), 3(2).
El-Hachem, C., Rohayem, J., Khalil, R. B., Richa, S., Kesrouani, A., Gemayel, R., Yaghi, N. (2014). Early identification of women at risk of postpartum depression using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) in a sample of Lebanese women. BMC Psychiatry, 14(1), 242.
Fahey, J. O., & Shenassa, E. (2013). Understanding and meeting the needs of women in the postpartum period: the perinatal maternal health promotion model. Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health, 58(6), 613-621.
Fellenzer, J. L., & Cibula, D. A. (2014). Intendedness of pregnancy and other predictive factors for symptoms of prenatal depression in a population-based study. Maternal and child health journal, 18(10), 2426-2436.
Fiala, A., Švancara, J., Klánová, J., & Kašpárek, T. (2017). Sociodemographic and delivery risk factors for developing postpartum depression in a sample of 3233 mothers from the Czech ELSPAC study. BMC Psychiatry, 17(1). doi: 10.1186/s12888-017-1261-y
Field, T. (2010). Postpartum depression effects on early interactions, parenting and safety practices: A review. Infant Behavior and Development, 33, 1–6.
Fottrell, E., Kanhonou, L., Goufodji, S., Béhague, D. P., Marshall, T., Patel, V., & Filippi, V. (2010). Risk of psychological distress following severe obstetric complications in Benin: the role of economics, physical health and spousal abuse. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 196(1), 18-25.
Gaillard, A., Le Strat, Y., Mandelbrot, L., Keïta, H., & Dubertret, C. (2014). Predictors of postpartum depression: Prospective study of 264 women followed during pregnancy and postpartum. Psychiatry research, 215(2), 341-346.
Garfield, P., Kent, A., Paykel, E., Creighton, F., & Jacobson, R. (2004). Outcome of postpartum disorders: a 10-year follow-up of hospital admissions. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 109(6), 434-439. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0047.2004.00267.
Goker, A., Yanikkerem, E., Demet, M. M., Dikayak, S., Yildirim, Y., & Koyuncu, F. M. (2012). Postpartum depression: is mode of delivery a risk factor?. ISRN obstetrics and gynecology, 2012.
Goyal, D., Gay, C., & Lee, K. A. (2010). How much does low socioeconomic status increase the risk of prenatal and postpartum depressive symptoms in first-time mothers?. Women's Health Issues, 20(2), 96-104.
Green, K., Broome, H., & Mirabella, J. (2006). Postnatal depression among mothers in the United Arab Emirates: socio-cultural and physical factors. Psychology, health & medicine, 11(4), 425-431.
Halbreich, U., & Karkun, S. (2006). Cross-cultural and social diversity of prevalence of postpartum depression and depressive symptoms. Journal of Affective Disorders, 91(2), 97-111.
Harris, B., Huckle, P., Thomas, R., Johns, S., & Fung, H. (1989). The use of rating scales to identify post-natal depression. The British Journal Of Psychiatry, 154(6), 813-817. doi: 10.1192/bjp.154.6.813
Heron, J., O'Connor, T., Evans, J., Golding, J., & Glover, V. (2004). The course of anxiety and depression through pregnancy and the postpartum in a community sample. Journal Of Affective Disorders, 80(1), 65-73. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2003.08.004
Horowitz, J., Bell, M., Trybulski, J., Hazard Munro, B., et al. (2001). Promoting responsiveness between mothers with depressive symptoms and their infants. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 33(4), 323–329.
Idaiani, S., & Basuki, B. (2012). Postpartum depression in Indonesia women: a national study. Health Science Journal of Indonesia, 3(1 Jun), 3-8.
Inandi, T., Elci, O. C., Ozturk, A., Egri, M., Polat, A., & Sahin, T. K. (2002). Risk factors for depression in postnatal first year, in eastern Turkey. International journal of epidemiology, 31(6), 1201-1207.
Johnstone, S. J., Boyce, P. M., Hickey, A. R., Morris-Yates, A. D., & Harris, M. G. (2001). Obstetric risk factors for postnatal depression in urban and rural community samples. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 35(1), 69-74.
Kendell, R. E., Chalmers, J. C., & Platz, C. (1987). Epidemiology of puerperal psychoses. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 150(5), 662-673.
Klainin, P., & Arthur, D. G. (2009). Postpartum depression in Asian cultures: a literature review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 46(10), 1355-1373.
Kunwar, D., Corey, E., Sharma, P., & Risal, A. (2015). Screening for postpartum depression and associated factors among women who deliver at a University Hospital, Nepal. Kathmandu University Medical Journal, 13(1), 44. doi:10.3126/kumj.v13i1.13752
Lanzi, R. G., Bert, S. C., & Jacobs, B. K. (2009). Depression among a sample of first‐time adolescent and adult mothers. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 22(4), 194-202.
Lau, Y., & Keung Wong, D. F. (2008). The role of social support in helping Chinese women with perinatal depressive symptoms cope with family conflict. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 37(5), 556-571.
Lee, D. T., Yip, A. S., Leung, T. Y., & Chung, T. K. (2004). Ethnoepidemiology of postnatal depression. The British journal of psychiatry, 184(1), 34-40.
Lee, D. T., Yip, A. S., Leung, T. Y., & Chung, T. K. (2004). Ethnoepidemiology of postnatal depression: prospective multivariate study of sociocultural risk factors in a Chinese population in Hong Kong. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 184(1), 34-40.
Letourneau, N., Dennis, C., Benzies, K., Duffett-Leger, L., Stewart, M., & Tryphonopoulos, P. et al. (2012). Postpartum depression is a family affair: addressing the impact on mothers, fathers, and children. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 33(7), 445-457. http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/01612840.2012.673054
Luke, S., Salihu, H. M., Alio, A. P., Mbah, A. K., Jeffers, D., Berry, E. L., & Mishkit, V. R. (2009). Risk factors for major antenatal depression among low-income African American women. Journal of Women's Health, 18(11), 1841-1846.
Lundberg, P. C., & Thu, T. T. N. (2012). Breast-feeding attitudes and practices among Vietnamese mothers in Ho Chi Minh City. Midwifery, 28(2), 252-257.
Martinez-Schallmoser, L., Telleen, S., & Macmullen, N. J. (2003). The effect of social support and acculturation on postpartum depression in Mexican American women. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 14(4), 329-338.
Mathisen, S. E., Glavin, K., Lien, L., & Lagerkløv, P. (2013). Prevalence and risk factors for postpartum depressive symptoms in Argentina: A cross-sectional study.
McCoy, S. J. B., Beal, J. M., Shipman, S. M., Payton, M. E., & Watson, G. H. (2006). Risk factors for postpartum depression: A retrospective investigation at 4-weeks postnatal and a review of the literature. Journal-American Osteopathic Association, 106(4), 193.
Melo Jr EF, Cecatti JG, Pacagnella RC, Vulcani DE, Makuch MY, Leite DFB. (2012). The prevalence of perinatal depression and its associated factors in two different settings in Brazil. J Affect Disord. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2011.11.023.
Miri, K. P., Yaira, H. R., & Osnat, L. (2016). The perceived risk of pregnancy as a mediator of the association between prenatal maternal self-efficacy and postnatal subjective well-being. Psychiatry Research, 244, 62-64.
Mohammed, E., Mosalem, F., Mahfouz, E., & Abd ElHameed, M. (2014). Predictors of postpartum depression among rural women in Minia, Egypt: An epidemiological study. Public Health, 128(9), 817-824. doi:0.1016/j.puhe.2014.06.006
Mounts, K. O. (2009). Screening for maternal depression in the neonatal ICU. Clinics in Perinatology, 36(1), 137-152.
Murray, L., & Carothers, A. (1990). The validation of the Edinburgh Post-natal Depression Scale on a community sample. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 157(2), 288-290. doi:10.1192/bjp.157.2.288
Norhayati, M. N., Hazlina, N. N., Asrenee, A. R., & Emilin, W. W. (2015). Magnitude and risk factors for postpartum symptoms: a literature review. Journal of Affective Disorders, 175, 34-52.
Nunes, A. P., & Phipps, M. G. (2013). Postpartum depression in adolescent and adult mothers: Comparing prenatal risk factors and predictive models. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 17(6), 1071-1079.
Patel, V., & Prince, M. (2006). Maternal psychological morbidity and low birth weight in India. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 188(3), 284-285.
Quelopana, A. M., Champion, J. D., & Reyes-Rubilar, T. (2011). Factors associated with postpartum depression in Chilean women. Health care for women international, 32(10), 939-949.
Rai, S., Pathak, A., & Sharma, I. (2015). Postpartum psychiatric disorders: Early diagnosis and management. Indian journal of psychiatry, 57(Suppl 2), S216.
Saligheh, M., Rooney, R. M., McNamara, B., & Kane, R. T. (2014). The relationship between postnatal depression, sociodemographic factors, levels of partner support, and levels of physical activity. Frontiers in psychology, 5.
Schmied, V., Johnson, M., Naidoo, N., Austin, M. P., Matthey, S., Kemp, L. ... & Yeo, A. (2013). Maternal mental health in Australia and New Zealand: a review of longitudinal studies. Women and Birth, 26(3), 167-178.
Sharma, I., Rai, S., & Pathak, A. (2015). Postpartum psychiatric disorders: Early diagnosis and management. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 57(6), 216. doi:10.4103/0019-5545.161481
Silverman, M. E., Reichenberg, A., Savitz, D. A., Cnattingius, S., Lichtenstein, P., Hultman, C. M., & Sandin, S. (2017). The risk factors for postpartum depression: A population‐based study. Depression and anxiety, 34(2), 178-187
Siu, B. W., Leung, S. S., Ip, P., Hung, S. F., & O'Hara, M. W. (2012). Antenatal risk factors for postnatal depression: a prospective study of Chinese women at maternal and child health centres. BMC psychiatry, 12(1), 22.
Smith, E., Gopalan, P., Glance, J., & Azzam, P. (2016). Postpartum depression screening. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 24(3), 173-187.
Smith, M. V., Rosenheck, R. A., Cavaleri, M. A., Howell, H. B., Poschman, K., & Yonkers, K. A. (2004). Screening for and detection of depression, panic disorder, and PTSD in public-sector obstetric clinics. Psychiatric Services, 55(4), 407-414.
Spiteri, G., Borg Xuereb, R., Carrick-Sen, D., Kaner, E., and Martin, C. R. (2014). Preparation for parenthood: a concept analysis. J. Reprod. Infant Psychol. 32, 148–165. doi: 10.1080/02646838.2013.869578
Stewart, D. E., Robertson, E., Dennis, C. L., Grace, S. L., & Wallington, T. (2003). Postpartum depression: Literature review of risk factors and interventions. Toronto: University Health Network Women’s Health Program for Toronto Public Health.
Srkalović Imširagić, A., Begić, D., & Martić-Biočina, S. (2009). Acute stress and depression 3 days after vaginal delivery–observational, comparative study. Collegium Antropologicum, 33(2), 521-527.
Sylvén, S., Thomopoulos, T., Kollia, N., Jonsson, M., & Skalkidou, A. (2017). Correlates of postpartum depression in first-time mothers without previous psychiatric contact. European Psychiatry, 40, 4-12. doi:10.1016/j.eurpsy.2016.07.003
Tachibana, Y., Koizumi, T., Takehara, K., Kakee, N., Tsujii, H., & Mori, R. et al. (2015). Antenatal risk factors of postpartum depression at 20 weeks gestation in a Japanese sample: Psychosocial perspectives from a cohort study in Tokyo. PLOS ONE, 10(12), e0142410. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0142410
Tahirkheli, N. N., Cherry, A. S., Tackett, A. P., McCaffree, M. A., & Gillaspy, S. R. (2014). Postpartum depression on the neonatal intensive care unit: current perspectives. International journal of women's health, 6, 975.
Tavares, D., Quevedo, L., Jansen, K., Souza, L., Pinheiro, R., & Silva, R. (2012). Prevalence of suicide risk and comorbidities in postpartum women in Pelotas. Revista Brasileira De Psiquiatria, 34(3), 270-276. doi:10.1016/j.rbp.2011.12.001
Teaford, D., Goyal, D., & McNiesh, S. G. (2015). Identification of postpartum depression in an online community. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 44(5), 578-586.
Teissèdre, F., & Chabrol, H. (2004). Detecting women at risk for postnatal depression using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale at 2 to 3 days postpartum. The Canadian Journal Of Psychiatry, 49(1), 51-54. doi:10.1177/070674370404900108
Tiedje, L. B. (2009). The prevalence of postpartum depression: the relative significance of three social status indices. MCN: The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing, 34(3), 196.
Vigod, S. N., Villegas, L., Dennis, C. L., & Ross, L. E. (2010). Prevalence and risk factors for postpartum depression among women with preterm and low‐birth‐weight infants: a systematic review. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 117(5), 540-550.
Villegas, L., McKay, K., Dennis, C. L., & Ross, L. E. (2011). Postpartum depression among rural women from developed and developing countries: a systematic review. The Journal of Rural Health, 27(3), 278-288.
Wang, Y. Y., Li, H., Wang, Y. J., Wang, H., Zhang, Y. R., Gong, L., ... & Yuan, S. X. (2017). Living with parents or with parents-in-law and postpartum depression: A preliminary investigation in China. Journal of Affective Disorders, 218, 335-338.
Wong, J., & Fisher, J. (2009). The role of traditional confinement practices in determining postpartum depression in women in Chinese cultures: A systematic review of the English language evidence. Journal of Affective Disorders, 116(3), 161-169.
Xie, R. H., He, G., Liu, A., Bradwejn, J., Walker, M., & Wen, S. W. (2007). Fetal gender and postpartum depression in a cohort of Chinese women. Social science & medicine, 65(4), 680-684
Yan, X., Lu, J., Shi, S., Wang, X., Zhao, R., Yan, Y., & Chen, G. (2014). Development and psychometric testing of the Chinese Postnatal Risk Factors Questionnaire (CPRFQ) for postpartum depression. Archives of Women's Mental Health, 1-9.
Zajicek-Farber, M. (2010). The contributions of parenting and postnatal depression on emergent language of children in low-income families. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 19, 257–269
Zelkowitz, P., & Milet, T. H. (1995). Screening for post-partum depression in a community sample. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry.
Zubaran, C., & Foresti, K. (2013). The correlation between breastfeeding self-efficacy and maternal postpartum depression in southern Brazil. Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare, 4(1), 9-15. doi:10.1016/j.srhc.2012.12.001
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2020-07-11起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2021-07-11起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw