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系統識別號 U0026-1602201614304500
論文名稱(中文) 混合熱影像和數位影像相關法於複材變形量測及膠合強度之評估
論文名稱(英文) Mixed thermography and digital image correlation method assess composites material deformation and bonding strength
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 機械工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Mechanical Engineering
學年度 104
學期 1
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 陸仁翔
研究生(英文) Ren-Xiang Lu
學號 N16021252
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 71頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳元方
口試委員-羅裕龍
口試委員-莊淑芬
口試委員-劉乃上
中文關鍵字 碳纖維複合材料  紅外線熱影像法  數位影像相關法 
英文關鍵字 carbon fiber reinforced polymers  Infrared thermography  digital image correlation 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本文主要目的是結合紅外線熱影像以及數位影像相關法用以評估黏接之複合材料剪力試件之膠合強度。本研究利用應變指示計、位移感測器、加熱模組、熱影像機還有CCD攝影機,建立一套以穿透式加熱法為基礎之實驗系統。搭接之試片採用碳纖維複合材料。實驗包含平移測試以及拉伸實驗兩部分。
平移測試目的是找出適合處理熱影像之濾波器及後續之影像處理法;拉伸實驗目的在於比較紅外光實驗結果之準確性,評估不同本膠及固化劑比例之膠合強度。平移測試中,對熱影像做一次均值濾波,為了取特徵性最高之熱影像作分析,本文採用計算標準差的方式定量特徵性,平均標準差最高之熱影像為特徵性最高之熱影像,再平均熱影像以降低熱影像的雜訊,由實驗結果得知上述之影像處理法可以將誤差降低至0.6 pixel;拉伸實驗中,利用CCD攝影機以及熱影像機擷取並且分析五種膠合情形分別給定五種荷重之序列圖,由分析位移評估膠合比例為1之位移最低,其餘位移較高,由此可評估出膠合比例為1之膠合強度最高,其餘較低。
英文摘要 The purpose of this article is to combine infrared thermography and digital image correlation to evaluate the bonding strength of composite lap shear specimen. The experiment is consisted of transmissive step heating thermography system with thermal camera and CCD camera. The lap joint specimens were made of carbon fiber reinforced polymers. The experiment includes translation test and tensile test.
The purpose of the translate test is to establish appropriate procedure to process thermal images, and the tensile test is to compare the accuracy of the results, and to assess the bonding strength with different proportions of adhesive and hardener. After average filtering the thermal image, the most characteristic one was chosen by utilizing the standard deviation for image correlation. Further averaging consecutive five thermal images to reduce the noises. The test results show that the displacement error can be reduced to 0.6 pixel. Tensile tests of five ratios of glue to hardener under five different loads were captured by CCD camera and thermal camera and analyzed. The results show that ratio value of 1 has the smallest displacement as compared to other ratios, and has highest bonding strength.
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 VII
目錄 VIII
符號說明 XVII
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景及目的 1
1-2文獻回顧 3
1-3本文架構 5
第二章 研究理論以及方法 6
2-1 熱傳導相關理論 6
2-1-1 熱傳導原理[12] 6
2-1-2梯波法(Step Heating)[13][14] 7
2-2 數位影像相關法理論[15]及影像處理法 9
2-2-1 變形前、後點的相對位置 9
2-2-2 數位影像間的相關性 10
2-2-3 尋找參數向量的技巧 13
2-2-4均值濾波 20
2-2-5中值濾波 20
2-2-6一階導函數於影像銳化(高通濾波器) 21
2-2-7 Gradient濾波器 21
2-2-8 Robert濾波器 22
2-2-9 Sobel濾波器 22
第三章 實驗檢測 24
3-1 實驗架設 24
3-2 搭接試件規格 26
3-3 檢測方法 28
第四章 平移測試實驗結果 30
4-1伸張強化提升對比性 30
4-2餘溫校正 31
4-3適合之濾波器探討 32
4-3-1高通濾波器 33
4-3-2經Gradient處理之位移誤差結果 35
4-3-3經Robert處理之位移誤差結果 36
4-3-4經Sobel處理之位移誤差結果 37
4-3-5高通濾波器之位移誤差結果比較 38
4-3-6低通濾波器 39
4-3-7經Median filter處理之位移誤差結果 41
4-3-8經Mean filter處理之位移誤差結果 42
4-3-9濾波器之位移誤差結果比較 43
4-4濾波器之濾波遮罩測試 44
4-5取熱影像之時間判別 45
4-5-1搜尋時間範圍 46
4-5-2判別較明顯特徵之熱影像與取圖時間差異性之探討 47
4-5-3取平均後之熱影像對實驗結果之影響探討 49
4-6特徵高低對數位影像分析之影響比較 54
4-7膠合強度評估實驗結果 55
4-7-1不同預力下之負載曲線比較 56
4-7-2可見光之拉伸實驗結果 58
4-7-3紅外光之拉伸實驗結果 62
第五章 結論與建議 66
5-1結論 66
5-2建議 67
參考文獻 68
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[14] 林冠宇, “複合材料缺陷之紅外線熱影像檢測及圖像分析” ,國立成功大學機械工程學系碩士論文, 2013。
[15] 李國誌, “應用數位影像關係法於微試件變形之量測” ,國立成功大學機械工程學系碩士論文, 2002。
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