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系統識別號 U0026-1601201721190200
論文名稱(中文) 近場照度分析法應用於具LED光譜調變光生物反應器之研製與測試
論文名稱(英文) Design and Evaluation of a LED Photobioreactor (PBR) with Multispectral Modulation Using Near-Field Illumination Analysis Method
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 系統及船舶機電工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Systems and Naval Mechatronic Engineering
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 李霖
研究生(英文) Lin Li
學號 p16034060
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 96頁
口試委員 指導教授-沈聖智
口試委員-陳逸民
口試委員-王郁仁
口試委員-張祥傑
中文關鍵字 光譜調變  光生物反應器  LED陣列  微藻培養  正規化匹配法 
英文關鍵字 spectral modulation  photobioreactors  LED array  microalgae culture  NCC 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究以近場式均勻LED陣列設計做為光源設計基礎,設計光譜調變光生物反應器之陣列光源。以雙三角形作為主要光源陣列設計,由笛卡爾坐標系分析目標面及光源間之相對座標位置,其大三角形之最佳間距d0為92mm,而小三角形之間距d為35mm,並分析RGB-LED陣列之光照強度分布情形,藉此在有限的空間條件下得到最佳之照度均勻性。本研究將以Picochlorum sp. strain S1b (簡稱S1b;屬綠球藻類) Nannochloropsis sp. strain MA1 (簡稱MA1;屬不等長鞭毛藻類) 與Gambierdiscus(渦鞭毛藻;為甲藻門),作為實驗藻種,進行微藻培養實驗,評估此反應器對藻種之生長速率、整體生產力之影響。為比較光譜調變光生物反應器所輸出之混光光譜和微藻培養光譜之相似性,本研究利用正規化相關匹配法(Normalized cross-correlation, NCC)進行兩者之相似性比較,以調適出最合適之混光光譜。透過NCC相似性分析比較,可得知,S1b、MA1與Gambierdiscus之培養光譜與混光光譜的NCC值分別為85.9%、74.6%與94.5%。由微藻培養實驗結果,可得知,S1b由反應器之混光光譜培養組與白光LED光譜培養組相比之下,其整體生產力在光強度為20µmol·m-2·s-1時,提升約47%,光強度為40µmol·m-2·s-1時,提升約50%,而光強度為100µmol·m-2·s-1時,提升約25%;對於MA1而言,光強度為20µmol·m-2·s-1時,提升約42%,光強度為40µmol·m-2·s-1時,提升約68%,光強度為100µmol·m-2·s-1時,則產生光抑制;對於Gambierdiscus而言,光強度為20µmol·m-2·s-1時,提升約120%,光強度為40µmol·m-2·s-1時,提升約41%;光強度為100µmol·m-2·s-1時,則產生光抑制。
英文摘要 In this paper, the near-field uniform LED array design is used as the basis of array light source design for spectral modulation photobioreactor. The double triangles are used as an array design of primary light sources, the relative position in coordinate system between the target surface and the light source is analyzed by the Cartesian coordinate system. The large triangle of the best spacing d0 is 92 mm and the small triangle spacing d is 35 mm. The light intensity distribution of the LED array is analyzed, thereby obtaining optimum illumination uniformity under limited conditions. In the present study, we use Picochlorum sp. Strain S1b (abbreviated as S1b), Nannochloropsis sp. Strain MA1 (abbreviated as MA1), and Gambierdiscus (Dinoflagellates) as experimental algal species, the microalgae culture experiments are conducted to assess the effect of the photobioreactor on growth rate and overall productivity of the algal species. The result of microalgae culture experiments of S1b that cultured by the photobioreactor spectral compared with S1b that cultured by white LED is shown as below, when the light intensity is 20μmol·m-2·s-1, the whole productivity is about 47% higher, when the light intensity is 40μmol·m-2·s-1, it is about 50% higher, when the light intensity is 100μmol·m-2·s-1, it is about 25% higher. For MA1, when the light intensity is 20μmol·m-2·s-1, it is about 42% higher, when the light intensity is 40μmol·m-2·s-1, it is about 68% higher, while the light intensity is 100μmol·m-2·s-1, the photo inhibition is produced. For Gambierdiscus, when the light intensity is 20μmol · m-2 · s-1, it increases about 120%, when the light intensity is 40μmol·m-2·s-1, it increases about 41%, and the light intensity is 100μmol·m-2·s-1, the photoinhibition is produced.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
Extended Abstract II
致謝 XIII
目錄 XIV
圖目錄 XVI
表目錄 XX
第一章 緒論 1
1-1前言 1
1-2研究動機 4
1-3研究方法 6
1-4研究架構 7
第二章 文獻回顧 9
2-1微藻培養條件 9
2-2微藻養殖技術 9
2-3光對微藻培養之影響 12
2-4 LED陣列設計與應用 14
第三章 光學設計理論與驗證 25
3-1 LED光源分析 25
3-2 LED陣列設計理論 27
3-2-1斯派羅準則(Sparrow Criterion) 29
3-2-2 LED矩形陣列設計分析 30
3-2-3 LED三角形陣列設計分析 32
3-3 RGB-LED陣列設計與模擬驗證 34
第四章 LED光譜調變光生物反應器設計與測試 45
4-1 LED光譜調變光生物反應器設計 45
4-2 LED光譜調變控制電路設計 47
4-3 LED光譜調變測試 50
4-4 LED照度分佈量測 61
第五章 實驗與結果討論 64
5-1微藻培養實驗 64
5-1-1 混光光譜與微藻培養光譜之相似性比較 64
5-1-2 微藻培養實驗 76
5-2實驗結果分析 80
5-2-1 S1b培養實驗結果 82
5-2-2 MA1培養實驗結果 84
5-2-3 Gambierdiscus培養實驗結果 86
5-2-4 微藻培養之整體生產力分析 88
第六章 結論與未來展望 90
6-1結論 90
6-2未來展望 91
參考文獻 92
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