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系統識別號 U0026-1508201517365300
論文名稱(中文) 於氯化鋁-三甲基氯化銨離子液體中電沉積金屬奈米鋁線
論文名稱(英文) Electrodeposition of aluminum nanowires from aluminum chloride trimethylamine hydrochloride ionic liquids
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 化學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Chemistry
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 蘇忠瑞
研究生(英文) Chung-Jui Su
學號 L38981060
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 90頁
口試委員 指導教授-孫亦文
口試委員-陽明長
口試委員-吳文昌
口試委員-陳泊余
口試委員-張仍奎
中文關鍵字 奈米鋁線  電化學  離子液體 
英文關鍵字 aluminum nanowire  electrochemistry  ionic liquid 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究使用酸性的氯化鋁/三甲基氯化銨離子液體應用於電化學研究和探討上。目前為止此離子液體並未被使用於電化學研究上,而其具備的高黏度特質也使得在電沉積鋁實驗中不需使用任何模板和添加劑便可製備奈米鋁線和具節狀奈米鋁線。研究中使用三種不同氯化鋁/三甲基氯化銨比例之離子液體 (62:38、60:40和58:42)並搭配定電位法、定電流法和定電位脈衝法分別製備及探討奈米鋁線的形成,並從中推測其成長機制和控制條件,在奈米鋁線部分發現可利用電位選擇來調控奈米鋁線之粗細;在定電流法電鍍中得到不同震盪頻率和震幅之時間對電位圖,此結果也影響到具節狀奈米鋁線之形貌;最後在定電位脈衝法下成功的以控制脈衝時間和電位來調控節狀奈米鋁線的寬度和週期。所製備之奈米鋁線均以掃描式電子顯微鏡、穿透式電子顯微鏡、X光繞射儀進行表面形貌和晶體結構上的鑑定。
英文摘要 The electrochemical fabriccation of Al nanowires by electrodeposition without the use of template and additives is studied in the Lewis acidic aluminum chloride-trimethylamine hydrochloride (AlCl3-TMHC) ionic liquids containing various AlCl3-TMHC mol ratios of 62:38, 60:40 and 58:42. The deposition was performed using constant potential, pulse potential and constant current electrolysis methods, respectively.
For constant potential electrolysis, the diameter of Al nanowires can be varied by deposition potential. For constant current electrolysis, potential oscillation occurs during the electrolysis, the frequency and amplitude of the potential oscillation varies with the applied current. Such potential oscillation is associated with the formation of segment Al nanowires. Segment Al nanowires can also be prepared by pulse potential electrolysis, the width and period of the Al segment can be controlled by pulse-time and pulse-potential. All the electrodeposited Al samples are characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction
論文目次 Abstract III
Abstract (in Chinese) IV
Acknowlegment V
Chapter I. Introduction 1
1.1 Introduction of ionic liquids 1
1.2 The history and development of ionic liquids 7
1.3 Introduction and application of chloroaluminate based ionic liquids 11
Chapter II. Experimental 16
2.1 Reagents and materials 16
2.2 Instruments 17
2.3 Experimental methods 20
Chapter III. Results and Discussions 22
3.1 Electrodeposition of aluminum nanowires by chronoamperometry and electrochemical study in AlCl3/TMHC ILs 22
3.1.1 Cyclic voltammetry study in AlCl3/TMHC ionic liquids 22
3.1.2 Electrodeposition of aluminum in 60:40 mol ratio of AlCl3/ TMHC IL on tungsten substrate 29
3.1.3 Electrodeposition of aluminum in 62:38 mol ratio of AlCl3/TMHC on tungsten substrate 36
3.1.4 Electrodeposition of aluminum in 58:42 mol ratio of AlCl3/TMHC on tungsten substrate 39
3.1.5 Electrodeposition of aluminum on different substrates 44
3.1.6 Identified of aluminum nanowires by XRD/TEM and summary 50
3.2 Electrodeposition of periodically aluminum nanowires by constant current electrolysis 52
3.3 Electrodeposition of periodically aluminum nanowires by pulse potential deposition 59
3.3.1 Pulse potential deposition with symmetric pulse period at room temperature 59
3.3.2 Pulse potential deposition with symmetric time at high temperature 64
3.3.3 Pulse potential deposition with asymmetric pulse periods at room temperature 74
Chapter IV. Conclusions 84
Reference 85
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