Shao Heng-Zhen (1309~1401) was the most successful poet during the last phase of Yuan Dynasty. His Literary work “Yi-Shu Ci-Poetry”, which inherited the graceful style of Chiang Kuei’s and Chang Yen’s works, showed great value by truly reflecting his inner world and contemporary appearance. However, so far the researches on Shao’s “Yi-Shu Ci-Poetry” were rare, fragmental, and not in-depth. The study investigates Shao’s whole life as well as the topics, forms, and characteristics of “Yi-Shu Ci-Poetry”. “Yi-Shu Ci-Poetry” can be sorted into six categories by topics: archaizing, object-chanting, inscribing on paintings, festivals, exchange of presents, and lyrics. Moreover, the forms of “Yi-Shu Ci-Poetry” can be explored in its tune, rule, and rhyme.
Shao’s ninety three years of life, which went through Yuan Dynasty and Ming Dynasty, had experienced ups and downs with the changes of the political situation. Although the chaos caused by war had brought severance and miseries to Shao’s life, he was inspired and composed ci-poetry that reflected the times vividly. The characteristics of “Yi-Shu Ci-Poetry” ci-poetry were affectionate, graceful, and had vivid description of the scenery. These were credit to his great attainments in diction and rhetoric. Shao’s range of friends was very broad, and this would be of great help to his creations. Some of his friends were master poets while some were great at painting. Shao widened his view on art by learning from each other with his friends. They also formed a group of recluse poets and brought prosperity to the ci-poetry arena during the last phase of Yuan Dynasty.
In sum, “Yi-Shu Ci-Poetry” which inherited the graceful style of Chiang Kuei’s and Chang Yen’s works and showed the society appearance, were elegant in forms, contents, and sentiments. Therefore it was a important and excellent literary work.