||Counter Stagnation of Sustainable Project by Poor Planning: A Case Study of Indonesia
||Department of Civil Engineering
The demand for achieving sustainable development has drawn national wide attention so that many sustainable projects, such as ecological village projects, soon emerge in Indonesia’s construction industry. Nevertheless, some of them are successfully executed; others are stuck by various difficulties. The associate issues of many difficult cases reveal the importance of consistency in planning to execution. One pilot sustainable project, Tapak Bumi Ecological Village, is investigated. Since 2008, the village, Tapak Bumi Village has started its project to be a sustainable village. This project adopted direct design and direct build concept which means not going into thorough project planning. In third year of the project, the project faced behind schedule and over budget. Moreover, the status of this project now is stagnant, waiting for outside help. From this point of view, this study tests the hypothesis whether or not this ecovillage project did poor planning, review the project planning role in a project based on this case study, and reveal the consequences by doing poor planning.
The results show that the hypothesis if the project did poor planning is justified. Evaluating each PM knowledge areas in planning process, the project planning role based on this study is revealed: (1) giving more assurance, (2) providing guidance, (3) assuring the project progress by reducing misunderstanding problems, and (4) having reliable estimates to ensure effective performance. Furthermore, some consequences by doing poor planning are also reviewed.
TABLE OF CONTENTS V
LIST OF TABLES VII
LIST OF FIGURES VIII
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Problem Statement. 1
1.2 Motivation. 4
1.3 Study Objective. 4
1.4 Research Question. 5
1.5 Study Outline. 6
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 8
2.1 Project Management (PM). 8
2.1.1 PM Life Cycle. 10
2.1.2 PM Knowledge Areas. 11
2.1.3 Mapping the Process Groups to the Knowledge Areas. 12
2.2 Project Planning. 15
2.2.1 Project Integration Management. 17
2.2.2 Project Scope Management. 17
2.2.3 Project Time Management. 18
2.2.4 Project Cost Management. 19
2.2.5 Project Quality Management. 20
2.2.6 Project Human Resource Management. 20
2.2.7 Project Communications Management. 20
2.2.8 Project Risk Management. 21
2.2.9 Project Procurement Management. 23
CHAPTER THREE METHODOLOGY 24
3.1 Case Study Research Method. 24
3.1.1 Village in Indonesia. 25
3.1.2 Tapak Bumi Village. 25
3.2 Data Collection Process. 29
3.2.1 Interview. 30
3.2.2 Archival Data. 30
3.3 Data Analysis Process. 30
3.4 Validation. 36
CHAPTER FOUR RESULT AND DISCUSSION 37
4.1 PM Knowledge Areas in Project Planning. 37
4.2 Project Planning Role. 43
4.3 Importance of Project Planning 44
CHAPTER FIVE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATION 46
5.1 Study Summary. 46
5.2 Study Contribution. 48
5.3 Recommendation for Further Study. 48
Appendix 1: Organization Profile and Structure 51
Appendix 2: Structured Interview 52
Appendix 3: Archival Data 56
Appendix 4: Interview about Delayed and Incomplete Sub-projects 72
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