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論文名稱(中文) 人際依附風格在MSN個人訊息聯繫情誼的動機與策略之差異研究:異性友誼觀點
論文名稱(英文) Differences of Attachment Styles between Motivation and Strategy in Connecting Friendship with Personal Message on MSN:Perspectives on Cross-sex Friendships
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 教育研究所
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Education
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生(中文) 洪怡安
研究生(英文) Yi-An Hong
學號 U36981127
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 101頁
口試委員 指導教授-趙梅如
口試委員-饒夢霞
口試委員-魏慧美
中文關鍵字 人際依附風格  MSN  聯繫情誼  動機  策略  異性友誼 
英文關鍵字 attachment styles  MSN  connecting friendship  motivation  strategy  cross-sex friendships 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究之研究目的為:(一)探討大學男女性在MSN個人訊息聯繫情誼的動機與策略之差異。(二)探討四種人際依附風格的大學生在MSN個人訊息聯繫情誼的動機與策略之差異情形。
本研究之參與對象為台灣一至四年級大學生共753人,進行性別在MSN個人訊息聯繫情誼的動機與策略之差異,接著進行人際依附風格在MSN個人訊息聯繫情誼的動機與策略之差異情形。研究工具包括「MSN個人訊息聯繫情誼動機與策略量表」與「人際依附風格量表」。本研究以二個相依樣本之平均數考驗、單因子相依樣本變異數分析、與單因子多變量變異數分析之統計方法進行資料分析。
本研究的發現如下:
一、在MSN聯繫情誼時,單以工具需求的動機傾向而言,男性大學生高於女性
大學生。
二、在MSN聯繫情誼時,男女性大學生的動機傾向以「情感需求」為最高,其
次為 「工具需求」。
三、在MSN聯繫情誼時,男性大學生採用策略的程度比女性大學生積極。
四、在MSN聯繫情誼時,男女性大學生皆採用直接行動與間接迂迴方式為主要
的策略,其次才是愚弄捉狹方式。
五、在MSN聯繫情誼時,安全依附者與焦慮依附者的動機傾向皆高於逃避依附
者與排斥依附者。
六、在MSN聯繫情誼時,四種人際依附風格者在動機傾向皆以「情感需求」為
最高,其次才是「工具需求」。
七、在MSN聯繫情誼時,安全依附者與焦慮依附者採取策略的程度皆比逃避依
附者積極;安全依附者與焦慮依附者在「間接迂迴」方式比逃避依附者與
排斥依附者積極。
八、安全依附者與焦慮依附者樂於與他人聯繫情感,因此在MSN聯繫情誼時,
採用的策略皆為直接行動與間接迂迴方式,最後是愚弄捉狹方式。
九、雖然排斥依附者避免與他人過度親近,但是仍會與他人使用MSN來聯繫情
誼,只是使用策略的程度低於安全依附者與焦慮依附者。
十、在MSN聯繫情誼時,逃避依附者無特別喜好的策略。

本研究依據研究結果進行討論,以供輔導與未來研究之參考。
英文摘要 The purpose of this study were to: (a) investigate the differences of male and female university students between motivation and strategy in connecting friendship with personal message on MSN, (b) examine the differences of four attachment styles among college students between motivation and strategy in connecting friendship with personal message on MSN.
The participants in this study were 753 university students in Taiwan who were from first to fourth grade. This study of the instruments included ‘‘Motivation and Strategy in Connecting Friendship with Personal Message on MSN Scale’’ and ‘‘ attachment styles scale’’. The statistical methods taked Hotelling's T2, ANOVA, and MANOVA to analysis the data.
The results of this study were summarized in the following: (a)in terms of the level of ‘‘instrumental need’’ in motive tendency on MSN, males were higher than females; (b) in terms of the level of motive tendency on MSN, both males and females had higher tendency in ‘‘emotional need’’, and ‘‘instrumental need’’ were followed, respectively; (c) males were more active than females in the strategy of MSN; (d) both males and females tended to use ‘‘immediate action’’ and ‘‘indirect action’’ of strategy on MSN , and then ‘‘fool action’’ were followed, respectively; (e) in terms of the level of motive tendency on MSN, secure and preoccupied attachment were more active than avoidant and dismissing attachment; (f) in terms of the level of motive tendency on MSN, four types of attachment styles had higher tendency in ‘‘emotional need’’, and ‘‘instrumental need’’ were followed, respectively; (g) secure and preoccupied attachment were more active than avoidant attachment in the strategy of MSN; secure and preoccupied attachment were more active than avoidant and dismissing attachment in ‘‘indirect action’’; (h) secure and preoccupied attachment were willing to connect friendship on MSN, therefore the most favorite strategy of secure and preoccupied attachment were ‘‘immediate action’’, and ‘‘indirect action’’ , and ‘‘fool action’’ were followed, respectively; (i) although dismissing attachment didn’t like excessive intimacy with others, they still connect friendship with others; however, dismissing attachment was lower than secure and preoccupied attachment in terms of the level of strategy on MSN; (j) avoidant attachment had no favorite strategy on MSN.
Based on the findings in this study, suggestion for future studies and guidences in education were proposed.
論文目次 第二節 研究目的 8
第三節 研究問題 9
第四節 名詞釋義 10

第二章 文獻探討 14
第一節 異性友誼之相關研究 14
第二節 MSN個人訊息聯繫情誼的動機與策略之內涵及其相關研究 15
第三節 人際依附風格的內涵與其MSN個人訊息聯繫情誼的動機與策略
之差異 26

第三章 研究方法 33
第一節 研究架構 33
第二節 研究假設 33
第三節 研究對象 35
第四節 研究工具 36
第五節 實施程序 40
第六節 資料處理與統計方法 41

第四章 研究結果與討論 43
第一節 性別在MSN個人訊息聯繫情誼的動機與策略之差異分析 43
第二節 人際依附風格在MSN個人訊息聯繫情誼的動機與策略
之差異分析 48
第三節 討論 59

第五章 結論與建議 65
第一節 結論 65
第二節 建議 67

參考文獻 70
網路文獻 70
中文文獻 71
英文文獻 73
附錄 81
附錄一 MSN個人訊息聯繫情誼的動機與策略之開放式情境問卷 81
附錄二 MSN個人訊息聯繫情誼的動機與策略量表(男性版)83
附錄三 MSN個人訊息聯繫情誼的動機與策略量表(女性版)91
附錄四 人際依附風格量表 99
附錄五「MSN個人訊息聯繫情誼的動機與策略量表」之項目分析結果摘要表
100
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