系統識別號 U0026-1506202016475400
論文名稱(中文) 乾季渠道型河床垂直通量估算
論文名稱(英文) Estimating Streambed Vertical Flux in Channelized River During Dry Season
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 水利及海洋工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Hydraulics & Ocean Engineering
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生(中文) 陳孟漢
研究生(英文) Meng-Han Chen
學號 N86071073
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 84頁
口試委員 指導教授-孫建平
中文關鍵字 伏流水垂直通量  MODFLOW  人工河道  影響因子 
英文關鍵字 Vertical Flux  Numerical Simulation  Influential Factors 
中文摘要 台灣年平均雨量為世界平均的2.5倍,但由於以中央山脈為主等高山聳立,造成台灣坡陡流急,不易留住水資源,且人口密度增加,人均用水的上升,開發新興水資源有其必要性,與此同時也須兼顧生態環境等影響,合理的開發、永續經營為一大發展主軸。
伏流水,其在水資源貢獻或生態上功能被廣泛的討論以及應用,潛藏於河川下方豐沛水源、提供複雜生態的基礎單元,理應在該領域有相當良好發展地位,台灣機械抽取伏流水的技術也是行之有年,平衡了許多地區各目標用水解決水源不足。然而天然的伏流水湧出並非隨處可見,且天然的湧出及下滲對生態有重大意義,本研究針對屏東萬巒鄉五溝村五萬排水圳,其為一底床不封的渠道型河川,利用野外調查與配合地下水模式(GMS-MODFLOW)模擬的方式,建立符合當地的伏流水湧出、下滲之通量計算,調查期間河段的平均下滲量達2.919 (m^3/d);平均上湧量達123.802(m^3/d);平均淨垂直通量達120.884 (m^3/d),並探討可能因子的影響程度。
本篇以水文、地質驅動因子等為控制變因,進一步想釐清潛在因子的影響程度。調查期間,由1月初至3月18日,期間總雨量為90 (mm),現地可以觀察到垂直通量有隨著降雨量更動而變化,因此,本篇認為雨量可能為主導因子,但是透過敏感度分析及MODPATH判定初始地下水位對於該研究區域的結果影響可高達21.8%,其次為河川水位的2.8%,而雨量只佔了0.017%,也就是說控制本篇研究區域伏流水的湧出量的決定性因子為當地初始地下水位。
英文摘要 In this paper, it’s essential to understand the water exchange between surface and subsurface, because the upwelling flows from hyporheic-zone to rivers would cause positive effect to the complexed riverbed ecosystem. Furthermore, the amount of flow exchange between surface and subsurface water differ in the variation of riverbed material, and leads to robust ecosystem. Thus, the amount of flow exchange between surface and subsurface water should be a crucial subject in river ecosystem studies. To have further understanding in the flow exchange between surface and subsurface water, MODFLOW was applied to establish a hydrogeological model for drainage of Wugou village and the vertical flux between the surface water and groundwater was simulated. Essential data were collected in the dry season (from 01.04.2020-03.18.2020). The results show that the upwelling flux was about 40 times higher than downwelling flux. Through the model, the most influential factor was the initial groundwater level. In other words, the initial groundwater level controls the most parts vertical flux during the dry season in 2020.
論文目次 摘要 i
謝誌 viii
目錄 x
表目錄 xii
圖目錄 xiii
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究動機與目的 1
1-2 論文架構 2
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2-1 伏流水定義 4
2-2 量化通量發展&方向 4
2-3 伏流時間推估 7
2-4 伏流水影響因子&尺度 8
2-5 伏流水於生態的重要性 9
第三章 研究方法 11
3-1 研究區域 11
3-2 水文地質 13
3-3 模式建立 18
3-4 相關資料蒐集 20
3-5 HEC-RAS 28
3-8 模式率定與驗證 33
3-9 潛在因子影響程度 34
第四章 結果與討論 38
4-1 現地採樣結果 38
4-2 HEC-RAS 42
4-4 模式驗證 51
4-5 主導控制因子及其影響程度 61
4-6 隨著尺度潛在影響因子變化 67
4-7 季節性垂直通量 68
第五章 結論與建議 69
5-1 結論 69
5-2 建議 70
參考文獻 71
附錄 77
參考文獻 英文文獻

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