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系統識別號 U0026-1501201111572900
論文名稱(中文) 應用高介電陶瓷開發GPS矩形平板式微帶天線及生產製程設計與管控之研究
論文名稱(英文) Apply the High Dielectric Ceramic Materials in the Development of GPS Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna Research
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工學院工程管理碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Institute of Engineering Management
學年度 99
學期 1
出版年 100
研究生(中文) 徐偉泓
研究生(英文) Wei-Hung Hsu
學號 n0797121
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 106頁
口試委員 指導教授-張守進
指導教授-黃正亮
召集委員-王明隆
口試委員-蔡智明
中文關鍵字 全球衛星定位系統  微波介電材料  矩形平板式微帶天線  製程居中能力指數 
英文關鍵字 Global Positioning System, GPS  Microwave Dielectric Material  Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna, RMPA  Complex Process Capability index, CPK. 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本論文研究目的在於應用高介電的陶瓷材料開發GPS矩形平板式微帶天線及生產製程設計與管控之研究,探討介電陶瓷材料對於平板天線尺寸與電氣特性之影響,以及應用此高介電陶瓷材料開發平板天線產品,於生產製造流程中所要控制的項目,藉此研究達到高介電陶瓷材料之應用以及平板天線量化生產之目的。

論文之內容主要分為三個部份:第一部分為高介電陶瓷材料之研究,選擇一已知之高介電陶瓷材料,瞭解此陶瓷材料於生產時材料特性範圍;第二部分則是平板式微帶天線的設計,利用HFSS模擬軟體,設計、模擬適合之GPS平板天線;並以第一部份的高介電陶瓷材料製作GPS平板天線,進行實際的生產作業;第三部分則按此設計參數制定一生產流程的管控方式,據此執行小批量的製作生產,確認於施行管控作為後,此GPS平板天線於電氣特性的一致性及生產良率之數據,並以製程居中能力指數Cpk來評判實驗結果,藉此檢視此製程管制作為以及生產參數的制定內容是否妥善,進而達到小型化GPS平板天線穩定生產之目的。
英文摘要 The purpose of this research is to apply the high dielectric ceramic materials in the development of GPS rectangular microstrip patch antenna, the production process design and control; to study the dielectric ceramic materials affect on the size and electrical properties of the patch antenna; and to apply this type of high dielectric ceramic material in the development of patch antenna products, particularly as the control subject within the production process. Thus, utilize this study to achieve high dielectric ceramic material application and patch antenna mass production.

This thesis is mainly divided into three parts: the first part is the research of high dielectric ceramic materials, a known high dielectric ceramic material was chosen and its material property range during production was understood; the second part is microstrip patch antenna design, HFSS simulation software was used to design and simulate the most suitable GPS patch antenna, and the high dielectric ceramic materials of the first part was used to produce the GPS patch antenna within the actual production process; the third part is to set up a production control method based on the previous design parameters, and, implement a small-volume production. The electrical characteristic consistencies and production measuring data of this GPS patch antenna, and Cpk process capability index were used to determine the results. In turn, this process examines the approprietness of this production process control method and the content of the production parameters, in the end, achieve the purpose of microstrip patch antenna production stability.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與背景 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究步驟與研究範圍 3
1.4 預期成果與貢獻 3
第二章 微波介電陶瓷材料 4
2.1 介電陶瓷材料之微波分析 4
2.1.1 介電常數(Dielectric Constant:K、εr) 5
2.1.2 介電品質因數(Quality Factor:Q) 8
2.1.3 共振頻率之溫度係數(Temperature Coefficient of Resonant Frequency:τƒ) 10
2.2 介電共振器(Dielectric Resonator, DR) 11
2.3 介電陶瓷材料種類 15
2.4 燒結原理 18
2.4.1 燒結的種類 18
2.4.2 液相燒結理論 19
2.4.3 陶瓷體燒結的過程 20
第三章 天線基本原理介紹 22
3.1 天線原理 22
3.2 基本天線型式與輻射理論 23
3.2.1 微帶線(Microstrip Line) 23
3.2.2 微帶線各項參數公式計算及考量 24
3.2.3 微帶天線(Microstrip Antenna) 28
3.2.4 空腔模型理論 29
3.2.5 圓極化矩形平板式微帶天線 31
3.3 圓極化矩形平板式微帶天線之特性參數介紹 33
3.3.1 天線的輸入阻抗(Input Impedance) 33
3.3.2 天線的電壓駐波(VSWR) 33
3.3.3 天線的反射損失(Return Loss) 34
3.3.4 天線的頻寬(Bandwidth) 34
3.3.5 天線的輻射效率(Radiation Efficiency) 34
3.3.6 天線的增益(Gain)與指向性(Directivity) 35
3.3.7 天線的輻射場型(Radiation Pattern) 37
3.3.8 天線的極化(Polarization) 38
3.4 商用GPS天線之特性規格 43
第四章 圓極化平板式微帶天線生產流程管控的執行 45
4.1 高介電陶瓷材料規格 45
4.2 GPS圓極化平板式微帶天線設計步驟 45
4.3 GPS圓極化矩形平板式微帶天線設計 47
4.3.1 輻射元件尺寸設計 49
4.3.2 截角尺寸設計 50
4.3.3 饋電點位置設計 52
4.4 圓極化矩形平板式微帶天線模擬 54
4.5 圓極化平板式微帶天線實際製作 56
4.6 實驗使用之儀器規格與操作條件 57
4.6.1 介電材料性質量測 57
4.6.2 微波特性量測 59
4.6.3 無反射實驗室量測 60
4.7 製程居中能力指數(Complex Process Capability Index) 61
第五章 結果與討論 64
5.1 矩形平板式微帶天線模擬 64
5.1.1 設定尺寸模擬出最佳化的設計 67
5.1.2 介電常數的影響 70
5.1.3 金屬輻射面尺寸的影響 72
5.1.4 截角尺寸的影響 73
5.1.5 饋電點位置的影響 78
5.1.6 矩形平板式微帶天線與金屬反射板的影響 79
5.1.7 GPS矩形平板式微帶天線實作 81
5.2 陶瓷基板尺寸分析 83
5.3 金屬輻射面印刷製程能力分析 86
5.4 諧振頻率特性分析 91
5.5 頻寬特性分析 92
5.6 電壓駐波比特性分析 94
5.7 輸入阻抗特性分析 96
5.8 增益特性分析 97
5.9 軸比特性分析 100
5.10 生產直通率分析 102
第六章 結論 103
參考文獻 105
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