進階搜尋


 
系統識別號 U0026-1408202001203900
論文名稱(中文) 都市周邊地區農地轉用之環境效率分析–以臺南市為例
論文名稱(英文) Eco-efficiency Analysis of Agricultural Land Conversion in Peri-urban Areas– A Case Study of Tainan City
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 都市計劃學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Urban Planning
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生(中文) 林真德
研究生(英文) Jhen-De Lin
電子信箱 justinlin0713@gmail.com
學號 P26061093
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 132頁
口試委員 口試委員-葉佳宗
口試委員-趙子元
口試委員-葉如萍
指導教授-張學聖
中文關鍵字 都市周邊地區  農地轉用  環境效率  資料包絡分析  雙變量空間自相關 
英文關鍵字 Peri-urban Areas  Agricultural Land Conversion  Eco-efficiency  Data Envelopment Analysis  Bivariate Spatial Autocorrelation 
學科別分類
中文摘要 都市周邊地區位於都市與鄉村之間,是以農業為主的自然資源生產地區,同時也直接受到都市土地擴張的衝擊,都市周邊地區農地提供了非常關鍵的生態功能與服務價值,然而在多重壓力下,快速且無規劃的都市擴張導致周邊地區農地遭到大量轉用,使得都市發展與農業之間無法獲得良好的空間資源配置,產生資源的錯置而導致發展效率不佳,甚或是造成都市發展與農地保護之間的權衡關係失調,衝擊都市區域的永續發展,而環境效率的概念則提供了評估都市發展效率以及都市發展與農地保護之間權衡關係的永續性視角。因此,本研究即是在環境效率的觀點下,以資料包絡分析法作為評估工具,探討實證地區臺南市都市周邊地區在過去農地轉用下的發展,其環境效率的分佈特性與可能影響因素,並透過效率改善分析提供後續都市周邊地區及其農地在管理與規劃上的建議。
研究結果顯示臺南市以都市及其周邊地區環境效率最高,越往外則呈現先下降後上升的N型分佈趨勢,而都市周邊地區中則以重大建設投資地區周邊環境效率較高。規模報酬分析結果顯示,在有發展需求的情況下,應以緊密發展為原則,優先考量在重大建設投資地區周邊的規模報酬遞增地區增加其發展規模。差額變數分析結果顯示,投入項的棲地品質、景觀美學以及產出項的就業機會等指標,為應該優先改善的項目。敏感度分析結果顯示,投入項的氣候調節與產出項的交通服務水準是影響效率值的關鍵指標,在後續規劃上應該特別予以重視。最後,空間相關分析結果顯示,一個地區基年國土利用組成之建成區比例、農地轉用為建成區比例與是否有重大建設投資引導是可能影響環境效率的重要因素。
英文摘要 Peri-urban areas are located between urban and rural, which rich in natural resources but also receive the impact of expansion from urban growth. Peri-urban areas’ agricultural land stands a huge part of its ecosystem and provides crucial ecosystem services. However, under multiple pressures, rapid and unplanned urban expansion has led to massive conversion of agricultural land in peri-urban areas, making it impossible to allocate resources between urban development and agriculture properly, resulting in misplacement of resources and poor development efficiency. It may even cause the unbalance trade-off relationship between urban development and agricultural land protection, impacting the sustainability of the region. Eco-efficiency provides a sustainable perspective for evaluating the efficiency of urban development and the trade-off relationship between urban development and agricultural land protection.
Thus, this study takes data envelopment analysis as a method to evaluate the distribution of the eco-efficiency of the development under the conversion of agricultural land in the peri-urban areas of Tainan city. In addition, based on the returns to scale analysis and reference set analysis, suggestions for the spatial development of Tainan's peri-urban areas are proposed. Furthermore, through the slack variable analysis and the sensitivity analysis, suggestions for improving eco-efficiency are proposed. Finally, according to the spatial correlation analysis, factors that may affect eco-efficiency are explored. This study provides a framework to review the past development situation of a region and follow-up suggestions on managing and planning.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究範疇 4
第三節 研究流程 6
第二章 文獻回顧 8
第一節 都市周邊地區緣起與概念 8
第二節 都市周邊地區之農地轉用 23
第三節 都市周邊地區之環境效率 34
第三章 研究設計 49
第一節 研究架構 49
第二節 環境效率評估指標建構 51
第三節 環境效率評估程序設計 70
第四節 空間相關性分析方法 74
第四章 實證分析 77
第一節 實證地區基本分析 77
第二節 環境效率之投入產出指標分析 85
第三節 環境效率評估與效率改善分析 101
第四節 環境效率與農地轉用之空間相關性分析 113
第五章 結論與建議 117
參考文獻 121
附錄 130
參考文獻 中文文獻
1.內政部營建署(2010)。雨水下水道設計指南。
2.毛育剛(2002)。台灣農地保護政策之演變。土地問題研究季刊,1(4),11-23。
3.王俊豪(2003)。農業多功能性分析架構與政策評估-以歐盟為例。農業推廣文彙。
4.王俊豪、方珍玲、陳美芬(2012)。農地多功能利用指標系統之建構。臺灣土地研究,15(1),31-71。
5.王俊豪(2014)。臺灣城鄉分類系統之研究-哪裡是農村?。台灣農學會報,15(1),18-38。
6.王思樺、張力方(2009)。都市周邊土地使用與地表覆蓋變遷:驅動力與環境變遷議題。都市與計劃,36(4),361-385。
7.王蔓瑜(2018)。工業區設置對農地利用變遷之影響─ 土地變遷、環境與社會衝擊之研究。國立臺灣大學園藝暨景觀學系研究所碩士論文,臺北市。
8.李少甫(2002)。理想城市與緊湊城市:界線空間概念之評述。建築與規劃學報,3(2),74-89。
9.李承嘉、廖麗敏、陳怡婷、王玉真、藍逸之(2009)。多功能農業體制下的農地功能與使用方案選擇。臺灣土地研究,12(2),135-162。
10.李亭頤(2014)。浮現的 [邊緣城市] 地景:21 世紀初台北都會區東側的城鄉邊界。環境與藝術學刊,(15),60-88。
11.李俊霖、李俊鴻(2012)。農地轉用對生態系統服務功能衝擊之經濟評估。農業經濟叢刊,17(2),111-144。
12.李盈潔(2013)。台灣西部海岸平原土地使用變遷對農地景觀與其生態系統服務影響之研究。國立臺北大學都市計劃研究所博士論文,新北市。
13.林承緯(2005)。台灣都市蔓延發展型態之研究--以台灣四大都會區為例。國立成功大學都市計劃研究所碩士論文,臺南市。
14.林憲德、陳冠廷、郭曉青(2001)。台灣中型都市熱島現象與土地利用之觀測解析。規劃學報,(28),47-64。
15.高佩菁(2002)。都市蔓延發展之研究。國立臺北大學都市計劃研究所碩士論文,新北市。
16.高強、黃旭男、Sueyoshi, T(2003)。管理績效評估:資料包絡分析法。臺北市:華泰。
17.孫遜(2004)。資料包絡分析法:理論與應用。臺北市:揚智文化。
18.郭幸福(2010)。都市土地發展之環境轉變效率影響因素之研究。國立成功大學都市計劃研究所博士論文,臺南市。
19.彭衍芳(2010)。休閒農業體驗活動參與動機與休閒效益之研究。國立臺東大學進修部休閒事業管理組(夜間)碩士論文,臺東縣。
20.張學聖、陳姿伶、陳柏君(2013)。台灣農地轉用與農地交易空間關聯性之研究。建築學報, 14(2/3), 167-182。
21.張學聖、許咏真、陳姿伶(2015)。農地環境價值效益補貼對農地轉用之影響初探。地理學報,(78),63-88。
22.經濟部水利署(2019)。逕流分擔技術手冊草案。
23.楊敏嘉(2009)。都市化對農地地表覆蓋景觀及生態系統服務變化之影響研究。國立臺北大學都市計劃研究所碩士論文,新北市。
24.趙安迪(2010)都市周邊農地釋出之生態系統服務衝擊評估:以宜蘭市為例。中國文化大學景觀學系碩士論文,臺北市。
25.劉小蘭、許佩漩、蔡育新(2010)。臺灣都市蔓延之影響因素分析。地理學報,(58),49-63。
26.劉瑋軒(2014)。都市化與生態系統服務時空分布之關係:以臺南市為例。國立臺北大學都市計劃研究所碩士論文,新北市。
27.謝依潔(2011)。都市地區農地變遷對生態系統服務影響之研究-以台北都會區為例。國立臺北大學都市計劃研究所碩士論文,新北市。
28.謝孟謙(2006)。臺灣都市擴張之研究。逢甲大學都市計畫學系研究所碩士論文,臺中市。
29.簡子杰、劉說安、張子瑩(2008)。利用遙測資料估算水稻田蒸發散量。Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 13(1), 1-18。
30.簡俊發(2005)。國土規劃下之農地管理策略研析。土地問題研究季刊,4(2),2-15。
31.鄒克萬、郭幸福、柯佩婷(2010)。評估都市土地使用變遷之自然環境效率-以永康市為例。都市與計劃,37(1),143-165。
32.藍逸之(2006)。城鄉發展或是農業發展的鄉村?~由台灣城鄉特性初探國土計畫法下鄉村區的調整方向~。土地問題研究季刊,5(2),30-41。

英文文獻
33.Ackerman, K., Conard, M., Culligan, P., Plunz, R., Sutto, M. P., & Whittinghill, L. (2014). Sustainable food systems for future cities: The potential of urban agriculture. The economic and social review, 45(2, Summer), 189-206.
34.Adell, G. (1999). Theories and models of the peri-urban interface: a changing conceptual landscape.
35.Aguilera, F., Valenzuela, L. M., & Botequilha-Leitão, A. (2011). Landscape metrics in the analysis of urban land use patterns: A case study in a Spanish metropolitan area. Landscape and Urban Planning, 99(3-4), 226-238.
36.Allen, A. (2003). Environmental planning and management of the peri-urban interface: perspectives on an emerging field. Environment and urbanization, 15(1), 135-148.
37.Amirinejad, G., Donehue, P., & Baker, D. (2018). Ambiguity at the peri-urban interface in Australia. Land Use Policy, 78, 472-480.
38.Antrop, M. (2004). Landscape change and the urbanization process in Europe. Landscape and urban planning, 67(1-4), 9-26.
39.Arrouays, D., Savin, I., Leenaars, J., & McBratney, A. B. (Eds.). (2017). GlobalSoilMap-Digital Soil Mapping from Country to Globe: Proceedings of the Global Soil Map 2017 Conference, July 4-6, 2017, Moscow, Russia. CRC Press.
40.Assessment, M. E. (2005). Ecosystems and human well-being (Vol. 5, p. 563). Washington, DC:: Island press.
41.Bai, Y., Deng, X., Jiang, S., Zhang, Q., & Wang, Z. (2018). Exploring the relationship between urbanization and urban eco-efficiency: Evidence from prefecture-level cities in China. Journal of cleaner production, 195, 1487-1496.
42.Barrios, E. (2007). Soil biota, ecosystem services and land productivity. Ecological economics, 64(2), 269-285.
43.Bills, N., & Gross, D. (2005). Sustaining multifunctional agricultural landscapes: comparing stakeholder perspectives in New York (US) and England (UK). Land Use Policy, 22(4), 313-321.
44.Brunori, E., Farina, R., & Biasi, R. (2016). Sustainable viticulture: The carbon-sink function of the vineyard agro-ecosystem. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 223, 10-21.
45.Bryan, B. A., Crossman, N. D., Nolan, M., Li, J., Navarro, J., & Connor, J. D. (2015). Land use efficiency: anticipating future demand for land‐sector greenhouse gas emissions abatement and managing trade‐offs with agriculture, water, and biodiversity. Global change biology, 21(11), 4098-4114.
46.Buijs, A. E., Pedroli, B., & Luginbühl, Y. (2006). From hiking through farmland to farming in a leisure landscape: changing social perceptions of the European landscape. Landscape ecology, 21(3), 375-389.
47.Carrus, G., Scopelliti, M., Lafortezza, R., Colangelo, G., Ferrini, F., Salbitano, F., ... & Sanesi, G. (2015). Go greener, feel better? The positive effects of biodiversity on the well-being of individuals visiting urban and peri-urban green areas. Landscape and Urban Planning, 134, 221-228.
48.Cobbinah, P. B., & Amoako, C. (2012). Urban sprawl and the loss of peri-urban land in Kumasi, Ghana. International Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 6(388), e397.
49.Danielaini, T. T., Maheshwari, B., & Hagare, D. (2018). Defining rural–urban interfaces for understanding ecohydrological processes in West Java, Indonesia: Part I. Development of methodology to delineate peri-urban areas. Ecohydrology & Hydrobiology, 18(1), 22-36.
50.De Koeijer, T. J., Wossink, G. A. A., Struik, P. C., & Renkema, J. A. (2002). Measuring agricultural sustainability in terms of efficiency: the case of Dutch sugar beet growers. Journal of environmental management, 66(1), 9-18.
51.Deng, X., & Gibson, J. (2019). Improving eco-efficiency for the sustainable agricultural production: A case study in Shandong, China. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 144, 394-400.
52.Douglas, I. (2012). Peri-urban ecosystems and societies: Transitional zones and contrasting values. In The peri-urban interface (pp. 41-52). Routledge.
53.Duvernoy, I., Zambon, I., Sateriano, A., & Salvati, L. (2018). Pictures from the other side of the fringe: Urban growth and peri-urban agriculture in a post-industrial city (Toulouse, France). Journal of Rural Studies, 57, 25-35.
54.European Environment Agency. (2004). Corine land cover 2000: mapping a decade of change: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
55.Food and Agriculture Organization. (2009). Statistics from FAOSTAT. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/faostat/(updated April 2009).
56.Food and Agriculture Organization. (2016). Agriculture Organization, 2014. Livestock Primary. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
57.Freibauer, A., Rounsevell, M. D., Smith, P., & Verhagen, J. (2004). Carbon sequestration in the agricultural soils of Europe. Geoderma, 122(1), 1-23.
58.Galster, G., Hanson, R., Ratcliffe, M. R., Wolman, H., Coleman, S., & Freihage, J. (2001). Wrestling sprawl to the ground: defining and measuring an elusive concept. Housing policy debate, 12(4), 681-717.
59.Glaeser, E. L., & Kohlhase, J. E. (2004). Cities, regions and the decline of transport costs. In Fifty Years of Regional Science (pp. 197-228). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
60.Global Land Project. (2005). Science Plan and Implementation Strategy. IGBP Report No. 53/IHDP Report No. 19.
61.Gibson, C., Dufty, R., & Drozdzewski, D. (2005). Resident attitudes to farmland protection measures in the northern rivers region, New South Wales. Australian Geographer, 36(3), 369-383.
62.Gonçalves, J., Gomes, M., & Ezequiel, S. (2017). Defining mobility patterns in peri-urban areas: A contribution for spatial and transport planning policy. Case studies on transport policy, 5(4), 643-655.
63.Gottmann, J. (1957). Megalopolis or the urbanization of the northeastern seaboard. Economic geography, 33(3), 189-200.
64.Gren, Å., & Andersson, E. (2018). Being efficient and green by rethinking the urban-rural divide—Combining urban expansion and food production by integrating an ecosystem service perspective into urban planning. Sustainable cities and society, 40, 75-82.
65.Haase, D., & Nuissl, H. (2007). Does urban sprawl drive changes in the water balance and policy?: The case of Leipzig (Germany) 1870–2003. Landscape and Urban Planning, 80(1-2), 1-13.
66.Halim, M. A., Rahman, M. M., & Hassan, M. Z. (2013). Agricultural land conversion in the sub-urban area: A case study of Rajshahi Metropolitan city. Journal of Life and Earth Science, 8, 21-30.
67.Harvey, R. O., & Clark, W. A. (1965). The nature and economics of urban sprawl. Land Economics, 41(1), 1-9.
68.Hatt, S., Lopes, T., Boeraeve, F., Chen, J., & Francis, F. (2017). Pest regulation and support of natural enemies in agriculture: experimental evidence of within field wildflower strips. Ecological Engineering, 98, 240-245.
69.Holmes, J. (2006). Impulses towards a multifunctional transition in rural Australia: Gaps in the research agenda. Journal of rural studies, 22(2), 142-160.
70.Huang, Y., Li, L., & Yu, Y. (2018a). Do urban agglomerations outperform non-agglomerations? A new perspective on exploring the eco-efficiency of Yangtze River Economic Belt in China. Journal of cleaner production, 202, 1056-1067.
71.Huang, Y., Li, L., & Yu, Y. (2018b). Does urban cluster promote the increase of urban eco-efficiency? Evidence from Chinese cities. Journal of Cleaner Production, 197, 957-971.
72.Kroll, F., Müller, F., Haase, D., & Fohrer, N. (2012). Rural–urban gradient analysis of ecosystem services supply and demand dynamics. Land use policy, 29(3), 521-535.
73.Lacour, C., & Puissant, S. (2007). Re-urbanity: urbanising the rural and ruralising the urban. Environment and Planning A, 39(3), 728-747.
74.Landis, D. A. (2017). Designing agricultural landscapes for biodiversity-based ecosystem services. Basic and Applied Ecology, 18, 1-12.
75.Lerner, A. M., & Eakin, H. (2011). An obsolete dichotomy? Rethinking the rural–urban interface in terms of food security and production in the global south. The Geographical Journal, 177(4), 311-320.
76.Lin, B. B., Philpott, S. M., & Jha, S. (2015). The future of urban agriculture and biodiversity-ecosystem services: Challenges and next steps. Basic and applied ecology, 16(3), 189-201.
77.Linard, C., Tatem, A. J., & Gilbert, M. (2013). Modelling spatial patterns of urban growth in Africa. Applied Geography, 44, 23-32.
78.Liu, Q., Wang, S., Li, B., & Zhang, W. (2020). Dynamics, differences, influencing factors of eco-efficiency in China: A spatiotemporal perspective analysis. Journal of Environmental Management, 264, 110442.
79.López-Goyburu, P., & García-Montero, L. G. (2018). The urban-rural interface as an area with characteristics of its own in urban planning: A review. Sustainable cities and society, 43, 157-165.
80.Lwasa, S., Mugagga, F., Wahab, B., Simon, D., Connors, J., & Griffith, C. (2014). Urban and peri-urban agriculture and forestry: Transcending poverty alleviation to climate change mitigation and adaptation. Urban Climate, 7, 92-106.
81.Iaquinta, D. L., & Drescher, A. W. (2000). Defining periurban: understanding rural-urban linkages and their connection to institutional contexts. In Tenth World Congress of the International Rural Sociology Association (Vol. 1, pp. 3-28).
82.Ma, W., Jiang, G., Li, W., & Zhou, T. (2018). How do population decline, urban sprawl and industrial transformation impact land use change in rural residential areas? A comparative regional analysis at the peri-urban interface. Journal of cleaner production, 205, 76-85.
83.Marshall, F. (2017). Why Peri-Urban Ecosystem Services Matter For Urban Policy.
84.Marshall, F., & Dolley, J. (2019). Transformative innovation in peri-urban Asia. Research Policy, 48(4), 983-992.
85.Marzban, S., Allahyari, M. S., & Damalas, C. A. (2016). Exploring farmers’ orientation towards multifunctional agriculture: Insights from northern Iran. Land Use Policy, 59, 121-129.
86.Mashour, T., Alavalapati, J., Matta, R., Larkin, S., & Carter, D. (2005). A hedonic analysis of the effect of natural attributes and deed restrictions on the value of conservation easements. Forest Policy and Economics, 7(5), 771-781.
87.McDowell, R. W., Snelder, T., Harris, S., Lilburne, L., Larned, S. T., Scarsbrook, M., ... & Taylor, K. (2018). The land use suitability concept: introduction and an application of the concept to inform sustainable productivity within environmental constraints. Ecological Indicators, 91, 212-219.
88.McGee, T. G. (1991). The emergence of desakota regions in Asia: expanding a hypothesis. The extended metropolis: Settlement transition in Asia.
89.McGee, T. G. (2008). Managing the rural–urban transformation in East Asia in the 21st century. Sustainability Science, 3(1), 155-167.
90.Micarelli, R., & Pizzioli, G. (2008). Metropolitan and rural areas: Interscapes as Interfaces?.
91.Narain, V., & Nischal, S. (2007). The peri-urban interface in Shahpur Khurd and Karnera, India. Environment and Urbanization, 19(1), 261-273.
92.Nemec, K. T., & Raudsepp-Hearne, C. (2013). The use of geographic information systems to map and assess ecosystem services. Biodiversity and conservation, 22(1), 1-15.
93.Norman, M., & Stoker, B. (1991). Data envelopment analysis: the assessment of performance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc..
94.Obach, B. K., & Tobin, K. (2014). Civic agriculture and community engagement. Agriculture and Human Values, 31(2), 307-322.
95.Opitz, I., Berges, R., Piorr, A., & Krikser, T. (2016). Contributing to food security in urban areas: Differences between urban agriculture and peri-urban agriculture in the Global North. Agriculture and Human Values, 33(2), 341-358.
96.Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. (2001). Multifunctionality: Towards an analytical framework. OECD.
97.Pham, V. C., Pham, T. T. H., Tong, T. H. A., Nguyen, T. T. H., & Pham, N. H. (2015). The conversion of agricultural land in the peri-urban areas of Hanoi (Vietnam): patterns in space and time. Journal of land use science, 10(2), 224-242.
98.Phillips, D., Williams, K., Andrews, G., Clarke, J., Carter, M., Kinsman, P., ... & Hillyer, A. (1999). Literature review on peri-urban natural resource conceptualisation and management approaches. DFID-NRSP Project, 6949.
99.Piorr, A., Uthes, S., Müller, K., Sattler, C., & Happe, K. (2005). Design of a MEA-compatible multifunctionality concept. Series of reports of the FP6 Research Project MEA-Scope, 3.
100.Power, A. G. (2010). Ecosystem services and agriculture: tradeoffs and synergies. Philosophical transactions of the royal society B: biological sciences, 365(1554), 2959-2971.
101.Reginster, I., & Rounsevell, M. (2006). Scenarios of future urban land use in Europe. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 33(4), 619-636.
102.Rothwell, A., Ridoutt, B., Page, G., & Bellotti, W. (2015). Feeding and housing the urban population: Environmental impacts at the peri-urban interface under different land-use scenarios. Land Use Policy, 48, 377-388.
103.Sallustio, L., De Toni, A., Strollo, A., Di Febbraro, M., Gissi, E., Casella, L., ... & Marchetti, M. (2017). Assessing habitat quality in relation to the spatial distribution of protected areas in Italy. Journal of environmental management, 201, 129-137.
104.Salvati, L., Venanzoni, G., & Carlucci, M. (2016). Towards (spatially) unbalanced development? A joint assessment of regional disparities in socioeconomic and territorial variables in Italy. Land Use Policy, 51, 229-235.
105.Schumaker, N. H. (1996). Using landscape indices to predict habitat connectivity. Ecology, 77(4), 1210-1225.
106.Seto, K. C., & Fragkias, M. (2005). Quantifying spatiotemporal patterns of urban land-use change in four cities of China with time series landscape metrics. Landscape ecology, 20(7), 871-888.
107.Simon, D. (2008). Urban environments: issues on the peri-urban fringe. Annual review of environment and resources, 33.
108.Simon, D., McGregor, D., & Thompson, D. (2012). Contemporary perspectives on the peri-urban zones of cities in developing countries. In The Peri-Urban Interface (pp. 26-40). Routledge.
109.Smart, J., Nel, E., & Binns, T. (2015). Economic crisis and food security in Africa: Exploring the significance of urban agriculture in Zambia’s Copperbelt province. Geoforum, 65, 37-45.
110.Swinton, S. M., Lupi, F., Robertson, G. P., & Hamilton, S. K. (2007). Ecosystem services and agriculture: cultivating agricultural ecosystems for diverse benefits.
111.Tacoli, C. (1998). Rural-urban interactions: a guide to the literature. Environment and urbanization, 10(1), 147-166.
112.Tallis, H. (2011). Natural capital: theory and practice of mapping ecosystem services. Oxford University Press.
113.Taylor, E., Butt, A., & Amati, M. (2017). Making the blood broil: Conflicts over imagined rurality in peri-urban Australia. Planning Practice & Research, 32(1), 85-102.
114.Thanassoulis, E. (1993). A comparison of regression analysis and data envelopment analysis as alternative methods for performance assessments. Journal of the operational research society, 44(11), 1129-1144.
115.Thanassoulis, E., Boussofiane, A., & Dyson, R. G. (1996). A comparison of data envelopment analysis and ratio analysis as tools for performance assessment. Omega, 24(3), 229-244.
116.Tian, L., Ge, B., & Li, Y. (2017). Impacts of state-led and bottom-up urbanization on land use change in the peri-urban areas of Shanghai: Planned growth or uncontrolled sprawl?. Cities, 60, 476-486.
117.Tone, K. (2004). Dealing with undesirable outputs in DEA: A slacks-based measure (SBM) approach. Presentation At NAPW III, Toronto, 44-45.
118.Travaline, K., & Hunold, C. (2010). Urban agriculture and ecological citizenship in Philadelphia. Local Environment, 15(6), 581-590.
119.Tscharntke, T., Klein, A. M., Kruess, A., Steffan‐Dewenter, I., & Thies, C. (2005). Landscape perspectives on agricultural intensification and biodiversity–ecosystem service management. Ecology letters, 8(8), 857-874.
120.United Nations. (2018). World Urbanization Prospects: The 2018 Revision. Retrieved from New York: United Nations.
121.United States Department of Agriculture. (1972). National engineering handbook, section 4: Hydrology. Washington, DC.
122.Van Eupen, M., Metzger, M. J., Pérez-Soba, M., Verburg, P. H., Van Doorn, A., & Bunce, R. G. H. (2012). A rural typology for strategic European policies. Land Use Policy, 29(3), 473-482.
123.von der Dunk, A., Grêt-Regamey, A., Dalang, T., & Hersperger, A. M. (2011). Defining a typology of peri-urban land-use conflicts–A case study from Switzerland. Landscape and urban planning, 101(2), 149-156.
124.Waldman, L., Bisht, R., Saharia, R., Kapoor, A., Rizvi, B., Hamid, Y., ... & Marshall, F. (2017). Peri-urbanism in globalizing India: a study of pollution, health and community awareness. International journal of environmental research and public health, 14(9), 980.
125.Wandl, D. A., Nadin, V., Zonneveld, W., & Rooij, R. (2014). Beyond urban–rural classifications: Characterising and mapping territories-in-between across Europe. Landscape and Urban Planning, 130, 50-63.
126.Webster, D. (2002). On the edge: Shaping the future of peri-urban East Asia. Stanford: Asia/Pacific Research Center.
127.Wheater, H., & Evans, E. (2009). Land use, water management and future flood risk. Land use policy, 26, S251-S264.
128.Whitford, V., Ennos, A. R., & Handley, J. F. (2001). “City form and natural process”—indicators for the ecological performance of urban areas and their application to Merseyside, UK. Landscape and urban planning, 57(2), 91-103.
129.Wong, D. W. S., & Lee, J. (2005). Statistical analysis of geographic information with ArcView GIS and ArcGIS (No. G 70.212. L43 2005). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
130.Woods, M. (2009). Rural geography: blurring boundaries and making connections. Progress in Human geography, 33(6), 849-858.
131.Zasada, I. (2011). Multifunctional peri-urban agriculture—A review of societal demands and the provision of goods and services by farming. Land use policy, 28(4), 639-648.
132.Zhang, W., Ricketts, T. H., Kremen, C., Carney, K., & Swinton, S. M. (2007). Ecosystem services and dis-services to agriculture. Ecological economics, 64(2), 253-260.
133.Zhou, Y., Kong, Y., Sha, J., & Wang, H. (2019). The role of industrial structure upgrades in eco-efficiency evolution: Spatial correlation and spillover effects. Science of the total environment, 687, 1327-1336.
134.Zhou, Y., Kong, Y., Wang, H., & Luo, F. (2020). The impact of population urbanization lag on eco-efficiency: A panel quantile approach. Journal of Cleaner Production, 244, 118664.
135.Zhu, Y. G., Reid, B. J., Meharg, A. A., Banwart, S. A., & Fu, B. J. (2017). Optimizing Peri-URban Ecosystems (PURE) to re-couple urban-rural symbiosis. Science of the Total Environment, 586, 1085-1090.
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2020-08-27起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2020-08-27起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw