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系統識別號 U0026-1408201813555700
論文名稱(中文) 國際太陽能電池技術領域產官學合作關係分析
論文名稱(英文) International Industry-Government-Academic Cooperation Relation Analysis in the Field of Solar Cell Technology
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 資源工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Resources Engineering
學年度 107
學期 1
出版年 107
研究生(中文) 周代瑋
研究生(英文) Tai-Wei Chou
學號 N46051245
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 71頁
口試委員 指導教授-吳榮華
口試委員-陳家榮
口試委員-顏榮祥
口試委員-黃韻勳
中文關鍵字 太陽能電池  產官學合作  互資訊分析  三螺旋理論 
英文關鍵字 Solar Cell  Industry-Government-Academic Cooperation  Mutual Information  Triple Helix model 
學科別分類
中文摘要 近年來減少二氧化碳排放量已逐漸成為全球趨勢,且2015年於巴黎舉辦的COP21會議之後各國提出「國家自定預期貢獻(Intended Nationally Determined Contribution, INDC)」,致使各國開始關注「能源轉型」這項議題。我國目前推行之能源轉型政策中,再生能源技術發展及裝置鋪設為重要政策,而太陽能電池為我國再生能源技術領域中最具競爭力之項目之ㄧ。
產學合作為我國近年再生能源技術研究發展政策主軸,因此太陽能電池技術領域之產官學合作關係變化趨勢分析就顯得重要。本研究以包含我國在內全球太陽能電池文獻量排名前八位之國家為研究對象,使用互資訊分析方法(Mutual Information)結合三螺旋理論來分析各國2010至2017年之產官學合作關係變化趨勢,並根據各國近年太陽能技術相關政策對產官學合作關係變化進行分析。
研究結果顯示,產官學三螺旋指標成長趨勢最佳者為美國,成長趨勢最緩慢者為印度,我國成長趨勢列於4、5名。考量三螺旋指標變化趨勢及產、官、學三者兩兩之間的合作關係變化可發現,美國呈現快速成長且並未因文獻數於近兩年下降而造成合作關係協同度下降;中國則因文獻量相對其他國家多,但其產官學三者兩兩之間的合作關係協同度並未與文獻量成正比,反而呈現持平的狀態。除中國外,近兩年全球太陽能電池文獻數呈現下滑趨勢,可合理推斷因太陽電池相關技術發展已漸趨成熟,使得研究主軸轉換,使三螺旋指標呈現數值上升、協同度及系統性下降之情況。我國則因文獻數不如研究規模較大之國家,導致數據計算上易誤判協同度不如其他國家,但實際上趨勢變化與國際間變化趨勢相符,並未偏離太多。
政策意涵方面,我國可參考政策及法規架構更完整之國家如美、日、韓等國,設計太陽能電池技術甚至再生能源技術研究相關激勵或優惠法規,輔助大型發展政策;另政府可加強其產學溝通平台之功能,以加速我國太陽能電池技術發展。
英文摘要 In recent years, reducing carbon dioxide emissions has gradually become a global trend. Countries began to focus on the issue of energy transition since they proposed their own “Intended Nationally Determined Contribution” (INDC) after UNFCCC Conference of Parties 21th in Paris in 2015.

Taiwan’s current policies in energy transition focus on the development and expansion of the technology of renewable energy. Also, Taiwan is one of the most competitive country in the field of solar cell technology. On the other hand, Taiwan’s policies focus on the industry-government-academic cooperation relation, so it’s important to analyze the variation of trend of industry-government-academic cooperation relation in the field of solar cell technology. Therefore, this study conducted the Triple Helix Index of eight countries including Taiwan which had most of research in the field of solar cell technology from 2010 to 2017. This research also analyzed the impact of policy on the trend variation of Triple Helix Index.

The results show that the United States has the fastest growing trend of Triple Helix Index and India’s speed of growing trend is the slowest. Taiwan’s average rank is around 4th to 5th. The results also show that the synergy of collaboration in the United States didn’t drop down due to the decline of numbers of research literature. Conversely, China’s synergy of collaboration didn’t grow as fast as it’s increasing on numbers of research literature. Taiwan’s trend variation of Triple Helix Index is similar to global trends.

In terms of policy implications, Taiwan may refer to countries with more complete policies and regulatory frameworks such as the United States, Japan, and South Korea, designing incentives or preferential regulations for solar cell or renewable energy technologies in order to support developing policies. In addition, the government can strengthen its function as a platform for industry-university communication to accelerate the development of solar cell technology in Taiwan.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
英文延伸摘要 III
圖目錄 XII
表目錄 XIII
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究流程及架構 3
第四節 研究限制與範圍 5
第二章 國際太陽能電池市場、技術現況及相關政策 7
第一節 國際太陽能電池技術簡介 7
第二節 國際太陽能電池市場現況 11
第三節 各國太陽能相關政策 13
第四節 本章小結 21
第三章 文獻回顧與研究方法 22
第一節 三螺旋理論相關文獻回顧 22
第二節 三螺旋理論應用相關文獻回顧 24
第三節 三螺旋理論與互資訊分析方法介紹 29
第四節 本章小結 34
第四章 資料蒐集與實證分析 35
第一節 文獻數據蒐集與處理 35
第二節 互資訊計算結果與分析 43
第三節 本章小結 53
第五章 結論與建議 55
第一節 結論 55
第二節 政策建議 56
第三節 後續研究建議 58
參考文獻 59
附錄A-H 68
參考文獻 中文部分
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