進階搜尋


   電子論文尚未授權公開,紙本請查館藏目錄
(※如查詢不到或館藏狀況顯示「閉架不公開」,表示該本論文不在書庫,無法取用。)
系統識別號 U0026-1408201717184200
論文名稱(中文) 規律運動對過重與肥胖族群的視覺空間注意力效果—從行為和認知電生理角度來探討
論文名稱(英文) Effect of regular exercise habit on visuospatial attention for young adults with overweight and obesity: A behavioral and ERP study
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 體育健康與休閒研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Physical Education, Health & Leisure Studies
學年度 105
學期 2
出版年 106
研究生(中文) 莊智堯
研究生(英文) Chih-Yao Chuang
電子信箱 wsp82425@gmail.com
學號 RB6041087
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 61頁
口試委員 指導教授-蔡佳良
召集委員-潘倩玉
口試委員-王駿濠
口試委員-陳福成
中文關鍵字 肥胖  視覺空間注意力  規律運動  行為  事件相關電位 
英文關鍵字 obesity  regular exercise  visual spatial attention 
學科別分類
中文摘要 背景:過重、肥胖族群已被證實有視覺空間注意力的問題,不過很多研究發現規律運動可對認知表現產生效益,但目前尚無研究嘗試了解健康的生活型態,是否也可對過重、肥胖族群能達到促進視覺空間注意力的正面效果。目的:本研究採用視覺空間注意力認知作業,探討規律運動是否可對過重與肥胖族群產生行為與認知電生理表現上的效益。方法:招募54位18-25歲男性大學生,先以身體質量指數(body mass index, BMI)分為坐式生活健康體重組(n=18)、坐式生活過重肥胖組(n=18)、規律運動過重肥胖組(n=18),再藉由雙能量x光吸收儀測量身體脂肪量,隨後施以Posner測驗,並同步收集大腦事件相關電位。結果:在行為表現方面,坐式生活健康體重組與規律運動過重肥胖組反應時間顯著較坐式生活過重肥胖組快,然而在正確率各組之間並無達顯著差異。另外,腦電波結果顯示,坐式生活健康體重組與規律運動過重肥胖組P3振幅顯著較坐式生活過重肥胖組大,坐式生活過重肥胖組N2振幅顯著較坐式生活健康體重組大。然而,P3、N2潛時則沒有發現任何組間效果。以最大攝氧量代入共變數後,N2振幅未達顯著差異。結論:過重肥胖在行為或是電生理訊號表現上都有負面影響,而規律運動有正面效益,肥胖者只要有規律運動的習慣,仍然可以在視覺空間注意力上得到改善的效益。而最大攝氧量是影響抑制能力的關鍵因素。
英文摘要 Introduction: A number of studies have demonstrated that obesity is highly associated with worse attention, visuospatial abilities, and inhibitory control. However, no studies have yet been conducted investigating the effects of regular physical exercise on visuospatial attention in individuals with obesity. The aim of this work was thus to examine the differences in behavioral and electrophysiological performance in young adults with obesity with or without the habit of regular exercise when performing the Posner paradigm. Methods: Fifty-four participants were recruited and divided into three groups: healthy-weight group (HW, n=18; VO2max = 54.63±7.73 mL/kg·min), obesity with sedentary lifestyle group (OSL, n=18; VO2max =43.24±6.58 mL/kg·min), and obesity with regular exercise group (ORE, n=18; VO2max = 57.99±4.86 mL/kg·min), according to their body mass index (BMI) and frequency of exercise (i.e., at least three times each week, 30 minutes at a time, for at least 24 months). Their behavioral and event-related potential (ERP) performance during the Posner paradigm involving visuospatial abilities and attentional inhibition was measured. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was applied to assess whole-body composition. Results: Behavioral data showed that the OSL group relative to the HW and ORE groups showed significantly longer response times when performing the Posner paradigm. In addition, the HW and ORE groups exhibited significantly larger P3 amplitudes as compared to the OSL group. the OSL groups exhibited significantly larger N2 amplitudes as compared to the HW group. However, there were no differences among the three groups in the accuracy rate and N2, P3 latency. These results remained unchanged even when the confounding factor (e.g., VO2max) was controlled for. Discussion: Although the accuracy rates and the time needed for target stimulus evaluation and detection (i.e., N2, P3 latency) were comparable in the three groups, the ORE and HW groups exhibited better inhibitory control of attention and more efficient allocation of attentional resources (i.e., P3 amplitude) when compared to the OSL group. These findings suggest that young adults with obesity could still obtain neurocognitive advantages with regard to the executive functions involving visuospatial attention through engaging in regular exercise. Vo2max is a key factor in the ability to inhibit.
論文目次 目錄
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
致謝 III
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VII
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 6
第三節 研究假設 6
第四節 名詞操作型定義 6
第五節 研究限制 8
第貳章 文獻探討 9
第一節 肥胖人口的變化 9
第二節 肥胖與認知功能 10
第三節 肥胖對認知功能影響的機制 15
第四節 運動對認知的影響 17
第五節 運動對認知功能影響的機制 21
第六節 影響認知功能的其他因子 21
第七節 小結 23
第參章 研究方法 24
第一節 研究對象 24
第二節 實驗儀器與問卷 24
第三節 研究設計與架構 26
第四節 實驗程序 27
第五節 資料處理與分析 29
第六節 統計分析 30
第肆章 研究結果 32
第一節 受試者基本資料 32
第二節 Posner視覺空間注意力之行為表現 34
第三節 Posner視覺空間注意力之認知電生理表現 37
第伍章 討論 47
第一節 基本資料 47
第二節 行為表現 48
第三節 認知電生理表現 50
第四節 共變數控制因子(VO2max) 53
第陸章 結論與建議 54
第一節 結論 54
第二節 未來研究建議 54
參考文獻 55

參考文獻 中文部分
王駿濠,蔡佳良(2010)。運動或身體活動介入認知活動的影響。中華體育季刊,24(4),70-81。
王駿濠 (2010)。從認知電生理角度探討不同身體活動量老年人在視覺空間工作記憶表現的差異。成功大學體育健康與休閒研究所學位論文,1-81。
李凡、舒斯云、包新民(2003)。多巴胺受体的结构和功能。中国神经科学杂志,19(6),405-410。
林惟鐘、郭正煜、蔣憶德、施宛君、豐東洋(2010)。桌球運動員與非運動員在區辨認知作業反應時間及事件關連電位之差異。大專體育學刊,12(4),44-51。
曾鈺婷、蔡佳良、陳振裕(2012)。不同身體活動量男性老年人執行視覺空間注意力之認知電生理表現。大專體育學刊, 14(2),208-218。
祝年豐(2001)。台灣國小學童肥胖及其相關合併症流行病學。台灣國小學童營養健康狀況調查,2002,283-296。
張武業、施俊名、王駿濠、阮啟弘(2013)。優秀足球運動員動作控制能力的特性-有氧運動能力的重要性。大專體育學刊,15(1),40-53。
劉家鴻、吳岱穎、郭冠良、陳建志、林光洋、黃惠娟(2005)。過重與肥胖。基層醫學,20(9),219-231。
盧孟良、車先蕙、張尚文、沈武典、(2002)。中文版貝克憂鬱量表第二版之信度和效度。台灣精神醫學,16(4),301-310。
齊璘、陳豐慈、祝堅恆、張育愷、(2004)。男大專生身體適能與認知功能之關聯。大專體育學刊,16(3)311-320。
衛生福利部國民健康署(2017)。成人健康體位標準。取自http://obesity.hpa.gov.tw/TC/weight.aspx。

西文部分

Allison, D. B., Mentore, J. L., Heo, M., Chandler, L. P., Cappelleri, J. C., Infante, M. C., & Weiden, P. J. (1999). Antipsychotic-induced weight gain: A comprehensive research synthesis. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156(11), 1686-1696.
Angevaren, M., Aufdemkampe, G., Verhaar, H., Aleman, A., & Vanhees, L. (2008). Physical activity and enhanced fitness to improve cognitive function in older people without known cognitive impairment. The Cochrane Collaboration Published, 3(3),1-91.
Ari, Z., Kutlu, N., Sami Uyanik, B., Taneli, F., Buyukyazi, G., & Tavli, T. (2004). Serum testosterone, growth hormone, and insulin-like growth factor-1 levels, mental reaction time, and maximal aerobic exercise in sedentary and long-term physically trained elderly males. International Journal of Neuroscience, 114(5), 623-637.
Astafiev, S. V., Stanley, C. M., Shulman, G. L., & Corbetta, M. (2004). Extrastriate body area in human occipital cortex responds to the performance of motor actions. Nature Neuroscience, 7(5), 542-548.
Azizian, A., Freitas, A. L., Parvaz, M. A., & Squires, N. K. (2006). Beware misleading cues: perceptual similarity modulates the N2/P3 complex. Psychophysiology, 43(3), 253-260.
Babiloni, C., Del Percio, C., Valenzano, A., Marzano, N., De Rosas, M., Petito, A., Bellomo, A., Rossi, G., Lecce, B., Mundi, C., Lizio, R., Eusebi, F., Cibelli, G. (2009). Frontal attentional responses to food size are abnormal in obese subjects: An electroencephalographic study. Clinical Neurophysiology, 120(8), 1441-1448.
Bouchard, C., Daw, E. W., Rice, T., Pérusse, L., Gagnon, J., Province, M. A., . . . Wilmore, J. H. (1998). Familial resemblance for VO2max in the sedentary state: THE HERITAGE family study. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 30(2), 252-258.
Coles, M. G. (1989). Modern mind‐brain reading: psychophysiology, physiology, and cognition. Psychophysiology, 26(3), 251-269.
Calvo, D., Galioto, R., Gunstad, J., & Spitznagel, M. (2014). Uncontrolled eating is associated with reduced executive functioning. Clinical Obesity, 4(3), 172-179.
Chang, W.Y. (2013). Characteristics of Inhibitory Motor Control in Elite Soccer Players: The Importance of Aerobic Exercise Ability. Sports and Exercise Research, 15(1), 40-53.
Chatterjee, S. (2004). Validity of Queen's College step test for use with young Indian men. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 38(3), 289-291.
Corbetta, M., Kincade, J. M., Ollinger, J. M., McAvoy, M. P., & Shulman, G. L. (2000). Voluntary orienting is dissociated from target detection in human posterior parietal cortex. Nature Neuroscience, 3(3), 292-297.
Cotman, C. W., & Berchtold, N. C. (2002). Exercise: A behavioral intervention to enhance brain health and plasticity. Trends in Neurosciences, 25(6), 295-301.
Collaboration, N. R. F. (2016). Trends in adult body-mass index in 200 countries from 1975 to 2014: a pooled analysis of 1698 population-based measurement studies with 19· 2 million participants. The Lancet, 387(10026), 1377-1396.
De Castro, J. M., & Duncan, G. (1985). Operantly conditioned running: effects on brain catecholamine concentrations and receptor densities in the rat. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 23(4), 495-500.
Di Russo, F., & Spinelli, D. (2010). Sport is not always healthy: executive brain dysfunction in professional boxers. Psychophysiology, 47(3), 425-434.
Diamond, A. (2013). Executive functions. Annual Review of Psychology, 64,135.
Donkers, F. C., & Van Boxtel, G. J. (2004). The N2 in go/no-go tasks reflects conflict monitoring not response inhibition. Brain and Cognition, 56(2), 165-176.
Dupuy, O., Gauthier, C. J., Fraser, S. A., Desjardins-Crèpeau, L., Desjardins, M., Mekary, S., Lesage, F., Hoge, R. D., Pouliot, P., Bherer, L. (2015). Higher levels of cardiovascular fitness are associated with better executive function and prefrontal oxygenation in younger and older women. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9, 66.
Ebbeling, C. B., Pawlak, D. B., & Ludwig, D. S. (2002). Childhood obesity: public-health crisis, common sense cure. The Lancet, 360(9331), 473-482.
Elias, M. F., Elias, P. K., Sullivan, L. M., Wolf, P. A., & Agostino, R. B. (2003). Lower cognitive function in the presence of obesity and hypertension: The Framingham heart study. International Journal of Obesity, 27(2), 260-268.
Erickson, K. I., Prakash, R. S., Voss, M. W., Chaddock, L., Hu, L., Morris, K. S., White, S. M., Wojcicki, T. R., McAuley, E., Kramer, A. F. (2009). Aerobic fitness is associated with hippocampal volume in elderly humans. Hippocampus, 19(10), 1030-1039.
Friedman, D., Sutton, S., Putnam, L., Brown, C., & Erlenmeyer‐Kimling, L. (1988). ERP components in picture matching in children and adults. Psychophysiology, 25(5), 570-590.
García-Larrea, L., Perchet, C., Perrin, F., & Amenedo, E. (2001). Interference of cellular phone conversations with visuomotor tasks: An ERP study. Journal of Psychophysiology, 15(1), 14.
Gordon. (2009). effect of aerobic exercise training on brain structure and psychological wall-being in young adults. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 49, 129-135.
Guiney, H., & Machado, L. (2013). Benefits of regular aerobic exercise for executive functioning in healthy populations. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 20(1), 73-86.
Gunstad, J., Lhotsky, A., Wendell, C. R., Ferrucci, L., & Zonderman, A. B. (2010). Longitudinal examination of obesity and cognitive function: Results from the Baltimore longitudinal study of aging. Neuroepidemiology, 34(4), 222-229.
Gunstad, J., Paul, R. H., Cohen, R. A., Tate, D. F., Spitznagel, M. B., & Gordon, E. (2007). Elevated body mass index is associated with executive dysfunction in otherwise healthy adults. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 48(1), 57-61.
Hillman, C. H., Castelli, D. M., & Buck, S. M. (2005). Aerobic fitness and neurocognitive function in healthy preadolescent children. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 37(11), 1967.
Hillman, C. H., Kramer, A. F., Belopolsky, A. V., & Smith, D. P. (2006). A cross-sectional examination of age and physical activity on performance and event-related brain potentials in a task switching paradigm. International Journal of Psychophysiolog, 59(1), 30-39.
Hillman, C. H., Erickson, K. I., & Kramer, A. F. (2008). Be smart, exercise your heart: Exercise effects on brain and cognition. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 9(1), 58-65.
Hillman, C. H., Buck, S. M., Themanson, J. R., Pontifex, M. B., & Castelli, D. M. (2009). Aerobic fitness and cognitive development: Event-related brain potential and task performance indices of executive control in preadolescent children. Developmental psychology, 45(1), 114.
Hong, C. (2013). Deficiencies in inhibitory mechanism in obesity.(Unpublish doctoral dissertation).(University of Delaware).
Inokuchi, M., Matsuo, N., Takayama, J. I., & Hasegawa, T. (2009). Official Japanese reports significantly underestimate prevalence of overweight in school children: Inappropriate definition of standard weight and calculation of excess weight. Annals of Human Biology, 36(2), 139-145.
Jodo, E., & Kayama, Y. (1992). Relation of a negative ERP component to response inhibition in a Go/No-go task. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 82(6), 477-482.
Joshi, A. R., & Dhorepatil, A. S. (2014). Study of ventilatory lung function tests and aerobic capacity in overweight young adults. National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 5(2), 30-33.
Kiesel, A., Steinhauser, M., Wendt, M., Falkenstein, M., Jost, K., Philipp, A. M., & Koch, I. (2010). Control and interference in task switching—A review. Psychological bulletin, 136(5), 849.
Kamijo, K., Pontifex, M. B., Khan, N. A., Raine, L. B., Scudder, M. R., Drollette, E. S., Evans, E. M., Castelli, D. M., & Hillman, C. H. (2012). The association of childhood obesity to neuroelectric indices of inhibition. Psychophysiology, 49(10), 1361-1371.
Kamijo, K. (2015). Association between childhood obesity and ERP measures of executive control. The Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine, 4(1), 103-106.
Kamijo, K., Khan, N. A., Pontifex, M. B., Scudder, M. R., Drollette, E. S., Raine, L. B., . . . Hillman, C. H. (2012). The relation of adiposity to cognitive control and scholastic achievement in preadolescent children. Pediatric Obesity, 20(12), 2406-2411.
Lin, W. Y., Lee, L. T., Chen, C. Y., Lo, H., Hsia, H. H., Liu, I. L., . . . Huang, K. C. (2002). Optimal cut-off values for obesity: Using simple anthropometric indices to predict cardiovascular risk factors in Taiwan. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders, 26(9). 1232-1238.
Maayan, L., Hoogendoorn, C., Sweat, V., & Convit, A. (2011). Disinhibited eating in obese adolescents is associated with orbitofrontal volume reductions and executive dysfunction. Behavior and Psychology, 19(7), 1382-1387.
MacDonald, A. W., Cohen, J. D., Stenger, V. A., & Carter, C. S. (2000). Dissociating the role of the dorsolateral prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortex in cognitive control. Science, 288(5472), 1835-1838.
Mcardle, W. D., Katch, F. I., Pechar, G. S., Jacobson, L., & Ruck, S. (1971). Reliability and interrelationships between maximal oxygen intake, physical work capacity and step-test scores in college women. Medicine and Science in Sports, 4(4), 182-186.
Misra, A. (2002). High prevalence of diabetes, obesity and dyslipidemia in urban slum population of northern India. International Journal of Obesity, 26(9), 1722-1729.
Myers, A., & Rosen, J. C. (1999). Obesity stigmatization and coping: relation to mental health symptoms, body image, and self-esteem. International Journal of Obesity, 23(3), 221-230.
Nederkoorn, C., Coelho, J. S., Guerrieri, R., Houben, K., & Jansen, A. (2012). Specificity of the failure to inhibit responses in overweight children. Appetite, 59(2), 409-413.
Nilsson, L. G., & Nilsson, E. (2009). Overweight and cognition. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 50(6), 660-667.
Offringa, M., & Moyer, V. A. (2001). Evidence based paediatrics-Evidence based management of seizures associated with fever. British Medical Journal, 323, 1111-1114.
Olson, R. L., Qian, L., del Prado, K., & Alderman, B. L. (2014). Response Monitoring and Cognitive Control in Obesity. Age, 20(1.5), 20.29-21.27.
Pakkenberg, B., & Gundersen, H. J. G. (1997). Neocortical neuron number in humans: Effect of sex and age. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 384(2), 312-320.
Polich, J. (2007). Updating P300: An integrative theory of P3a and P3b. Clinical Neurophysiology, 118(10), 2128-2148.
Polich, J., & Lardon, M. T. (1997). P300 and long-term physical exercise. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 103(4), 493-498.
Posner, M. I. (1980). Orienting of attention. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 32(1), 3-25.
Renaud, M., Bherer, L., & Maquestiaux, F. (2010). A high level of physical fitness is associated with more efficient response preparation in older adults. Psychological Sciences, 65B(3), 317-322.
Sibley, B. A., & Etnier, J. L. (2003). The relationship between physical activity and cognition in children: a meta-analysis. Pediatric Exercise Science, 15(3), 243-256.
Stroth, S., Kubesch, S., Dieterle, K., Ruchsow, M., Heim, R., & Kiefer, M. (2009). Physical fitness, but not acute exercise modulates event-related potential indices for executive control in healthy adolescents. Brain Research, 1269, 114-124.
Skoranski, A. M., Most, S. B., Lutz-Stehl, M., Hoffman, J. E., Hassink, S. G., & Simons, R. F. (2013). Response monitoring and cognitive control in childhood obesity. Biological Psychology, 92(2), 199-204.
Song, T. F., Chi, L., Chu, C. H., Chen, F. T., Zhou, C., & Chang, Y.-K. (2016). Obesity, Cardiovascular Fitness, and Inhibition Function: An Electrophysiological Study. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 1124.
Taki, Y., Kinomura, S., Sato, K., Inoue, K., Goto, R., Okada, K., . . . Fukuda, H. (2008). Relationship between body mass index and gray matter volume in 1,428 healthy individuals. Obesity (Silver Spring), 16(1), 119-124.
Tsai, C.-L. (2009). The effectiveness of exercise intervention on inhibitory control in children with developmental coordination disorder: using a visuospatial attention paradigm as a model. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 30(6), 1268-1280.
Tsai, C.-L., Wang, C.-H., & Tseng, Y.-T. (2012). Effects of exercise intervention on event-related potential and task performance indices of attention networks in children with developmental coordination disorder. Brain and cognition, 79(1), 12-22.
Tsai, C. L., Wang, C. H., Pan, C. Y., & Chen, F. C. (2015). The effects of long-term resistance exercise on the relationship between neurocognitive performance and GH, IGF-1, and homocysteine levels in the elderly. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 9, 23.
Tsai, C. L., Chen, F. C., Pan, C. Y., & Tseng, Y. T. (2016a). The Neurocognitive Performance of Visuospatial Attention in Children with Obesity. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 1033.
Tsai, C. L., Wang, C. H., Pan, C. Y., Chen, F. C., Huang, S. Y., & Tseng, Y. T. (2016b). The effects of different exercise types on visuospatial attention in the elderly. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 26, 130-138.
Volkow, N. D., Wang, G. J., Maynard, L., Jayne, M., Fowler, J. S., Zhu, W., . . . Pappas, N. (2003). Brain dopamine is associated with eating behaviors in humans. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 33(2), 136-142.
Volkow, N. D., Wang, G. J., Telang, F., Fowler, J. S., Goldstein, R. Z., Alia-Klein, N., . . . Pradhan, K. (2009). Inverse association between BMI and prefrontal metabolic activity in healthy adults. Behavior and Psychology, 17(1), 60-65.
Volkow, N. D., Wang, G. J., Telang, F., Fowler, J. S., Thanos, P. K., Logan, J., Alexoff, D., Ding, Yu-Shin., Wong, C., Ma, Y., Pradhan, K. (2008). Low dopamine striatal D2 receptors are associated with prefrontal metabolism in obese subjects: Possible contributing factors. Neuroimage, 42(4), 1537-1543.
Wang, C. H., Liang, W. K., Tseng, P., Muggleton, N. G., Juan, C. H., & Tsai, C. L. (2015). The relationship between aerobic fitness and neural oscillations during visuo-spatial attention in young adults. Experimental Brain Research, 233(4), 1069-1078.
Wang, C. H., Shih, C. M., & Tsai, C. L. (2016). The Relation Between Aerobic Fitness and Cognitive Performance. Journal of Psychophysiology, 30(3), 102-113.
Wang, C. H., & Tsai, C. L. (2016). Physical activity is associated with greater visuospatial cognitive functioning regardless of the level of cognitive load in elderly adults. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 38(1), 69-81.
Wen, C. P., Cheng, T. Y. D., Tsai, S. P., Chan, H. T., Hsu, H. L., Hsu, C. C., & Eriksen, M. P. (2009). Are Asians at greater mortality risks for being overweight than Caucasians? Redefining obesity for Asians. Public Health Nutrition, 12(04), 497-506.
Whitaker, R. C., Wright, J. A., Pepe, M. S., Seidel, K. D., & Dietz, W. H. (1997). Predicting obesity in young adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. New England Journal of Medicine, 337(13), 869-873.
Willeumier, K. C., Taylor, D. V., & Amen, D. G. (2011). Elevated BMI is associated with decreased blood flow in the prefrontal cortex using SPECT imaging in healthy adults. Obesity (Silver Spring), 19(5), 1095-1097.
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2020-07-19起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw