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系統識別號 U0026-1407201621235300
論文名稱(中文) 成大拖航水槽操作螺槳單獨性能試驗技術之確立與分析
論文名稱(英文) The Confirmation and Analysis for the Operation Skill of Open Water Test of Propeller Performance in NCKU Towing Tank
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 系統及船舶機電工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Systems and Naval Mechatronic Engineering
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 陳建廷
研究生(英文) Jian-Ting Chen
學號 p16034028
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 81頁
口試委員 指導教授-方銘川
口試委員-邱逢琛
口試委員-周顯光
口試委員-辛敬業
中文關鍵字 螺槳單獨試驗  船模試驗  船舶性能推估 
英文關鍵字 propeller open water test  ship model test  ship performance prediction 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究之主要目的是要確立與分析目前成大拖航水槽的螺槳單獨試驗的技術與結果的精準度,並與德國漢堡水槽(HSVA)的實驗結果作比較分析。最終目的在建立成大拖航水槽的船舶螺槳性能推估的能力,希望達到可將目前的實驗技術運用在不同船舶上,並維持數據的再現性,期待提升成大拖航水槽試驗效能,使其能往商業水槽邁進。
成大拖航水槽原有的螺槳單獨試驗設備,主要用於教學用途,僅適用於小型螺槳,因此本研究將建構大型模型螺槳的單獨試驗的實驗技巧,能夠測量值25公分的模型螺槳,目的是要讓螺槳單獨試驗和自推試驗能用同一螺槳進行實驗,減少尺度效應的誤差,本研究使用兩顆貨櫃輪之螺槳R0與J3作測試,量測相關之KT與KQ值,並作相關之數據不確定性分析。
根據本研究之結果,螺槳R0在雷諾數達4×10^5時會有較小的不確定性,KT最大約3%,而KQ最大約2%;螺槳J3的實驗結果可知,在雷諾數4.5×10^5時會有較小的不確定性,KT最大約2%,而KQ在前進係數低於0.85時最大約0.6%。因此根據本研究的實驗結果,在成大拖航水槽進行螺槳單獨試驗的最低雷諾數在動力計的額定負載範圍內,必須達4×10^5。
英文摘要 The mainly purpose of this research is to confirm the operation skill of open water test of propeller performance in NCKU towing tank and analyze the accuracy of result compared with foreign commercial tank. The final purpose is to establish the ability of power prediction of ships and improve the reliability in NCKU towing tank.

The original equipment of open water test in NCKU towing tank was used for education and it can conduct the test for only 10 cm of diameter of propeller model so the experimental skills of operating open water test for 25 cm of diameter of propeller model will be set up in this research. The object of upgrading the equipment is that it is necessary to perform the propeller open water test using the same one model propeller with self-propulsion test because of the scale effect. Two model propellers which are called R0 and J3 respectively have been tested and measuring the value of KT and KQ and do the uncertainty analysis.

According to the results in this research ,there is smaller uncertainty ,the max value of KT and KQ is 3% and 2% respectively, when performing open water test with model R0 and the Reynolds number reaches 4.5×10^5. The max value of uncertainty of KT of model J3 is 2% and KQ of model J3 is 0.6% when the advance ratio is less than 0.85 and the Reynolds number reaches 4×10^5. So the Reynolds number must reach 4×10^5 when conducting the open water test in NCKU towing tank under the rate load of equipment depending on the result in this research.
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 VII
目錄 VIII
表目錄 X
圖目錄 XII
符號說明 XIV
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究動機與目的 1
1-2 文獻回顧 2
1-3 本文架構 5
第二章 研究方法與相關理論 6
2-1 實驗設備與環境 6
2-1-1 拖航水槽 6
2-1-2 實驗螺槳模型 8
2-2 螺槳單獨試驗 10
2-2-1 螺槳單獨試驗理論 10
2-2-2 螺槳單獨試驗流程 14
2-2-3 數據擷取 18
2-3 螺槳單獨性能之縮型效應 19
第三章 實驗結果與分析 21
3-1 實驗螺槳模型 R0 的實驗結果 21
3-2 實驗螺槳模型 J3 的實驗結果 34
3-3 不確定性分析 46
3-3-1 偏移極限(The Bias Limit):46
3-3-2 精度極限(The Precision Limit):57
3-3-3 總不確定性 U(total uncertainty) 63
3-4 螺槳單獨性能之縮型效應 69
第四章 結論與未來展望 71
參考文獻 73
附錄 A 實驗儀器 76
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ITTC (2002) Recommended Procedures ‘Propulsion, Propulsor Uncertainty Analysis, Example for Open Water Test’7.5-02-03-02.2 Rev 00

ITTC (2008) Recommended procedures‘Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Experimental Hydrodynamics’7.5-02-01-01 Rev01

ITTC (2008) Recommended Procedures‘Testing and Extrapolation Methods Propulsion, Propulsor Open Water Test’ 7.5-02-03-02.1 Rev 02

ITTC (2011) Recommended Procedures‘Fresh Water and Seawater Properties’ 7.5-02-01-03 Rev 02

ITTC (2011) Recommended Procedures‘1978 ITTC Performance Prediction Method’7.5-02-03-01.4 Rev 02

ASME (1986), Measurement uncertainty, ANSI/ASME PTC 19.1-1985, Part 1.

Bose, N., and Luznik, L. (1996), Uncertainty analysis in propeller open water tests, International Shipbuilding Progress, Vol. 43, No. 435, pp.237-246.

Bose, N. & Molloy, S. (2001), Ship powering prediction from self-propulsion load varying tests. In SP2001, Lavrentiev Lectures.

Coleman, H.W. and Steele, W.G.(1995), Engineering application of experimental uncertainty analysis, AIAA Journal, Vol. 33, No. 10.

Coleman, H W., and Steele, W. G. (1999), Experimentation and Uncertainty Analysis for Engineers, Wiley Interscience.

Islam,M.F.(2006), Uncertainty Analysis of NSERC-NRC Pod Dynamometer System, Ocean Engineering Research Center (OERC) Report No. OERC-2006-05, St. John’s, NL, Canada.

Moriconi, A., Mancini, A. (2015), Repeatability Estimation of Torque and Thrust Results in Open Water Tests as a Function of the Reynolds Number, 18th International Conference on Ships and Shipping Research 2015,June 24th-26th,Lecco,Italy

Øyan, E (2012), Speed and powering prediction for ships based on model testing, Norwegian University of Science and Technology Department of Marine Technology.

Sverre Steen (2014), Experimental Methods in Marine Hydrodynamics.

吳政翰(2015),船模阻力與推進相關實驗技術與預估分析之改良,國立成功大學系統及船舶機電工程研究所碩士論文。

張宥棠(2014),拖航水槽效能提升-拖航臺車速度率定及震動改善,國立成功大學系統及船舶機電工程研究所碩士論文。

陳維揚(2014),拖航水槽主要船模試驗項目之技術改善與比較分析,國立成功大學系統及船舶機電工程研究所碩士論文。

廖健凱(2016),應用自航試驗系統推估能源效率設計指標之研究,國立台灣大學工程科學及海洋工程學研究所碩士論文。
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