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系統識別號 U0026-1407201517215800
論文名稱(中文) 提升中年族群睡眠品質之枕頭形狀設計
論文名稱(英文) Pillow Shape Design to Enhance the Sleep Quality of Middle-Aged Groups
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工業設計學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial Design
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 林欣諭
研究生(英文) Xin-Yu Lin
學號 P36021045
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 58頁
口試委員 指導教授-吳豐光
口試委員-陳建旭
口試委員-唐硯漁
中文關鍵字 枕頭  睡眠品質  頸部疼痛  打鼾 
英文關鍵字 pillow  sleep quality  neck pain  snoring 
學科別分類
中文摘要 量測睡眠品質的方法有許多種,睡眠干擾事件的量測就屬其中之一。為增進睡眠品質,減少睡眠干擾事件(如:打鼾、睡眠呼吸中止症、頸部疼痛導致中途醒來)是很重要的。目前很少研究同時研究減少打鼾、緩解頸部疼痛與減少接觸面受壓。因此本研究的目的為瞭解枕頭形狀與減少打鼾、預防頸部疼痛與接觸面受壓的關聯,以增進睡眠品質。
第一階段實驗選擇了四種類型市面現有枕頭(包括止鼾枕與舒緩頸部不適枕),分別做了三個晚上的枕頭形狀與睡眠品質的關聯性測試。睡眠過程中以Arduino記錄打鼾情況,壓力墊紀錄頭頸部動作與受壓,並用腕動儀偵測客觀睡眠品質。受測者醒來之後,請他們填寫頸部痠痛主觀評量問卷,以瞭解頸部痠痛情形。接著以文獻探討為依據建立一形態分析圖表,再以焦點團體法分析討論,據以決定提升睡眠品質之枕頭形狀。
經過設計的枕頭模型完成後,進行了六晚的評估實驗。實驗方法與第一階段實驗相同。根據實驗結果所得的數據,分析此設計產品的優劣,並提供後續改良設計的準則。
本研究實驗調查特定使用者(年齡介於40~60歲之間)之睡眠品質,並據以重新設計枕頭的形狀,驗證提高睡眠品質的枕頭應有的特徵。
英文摘要 There are many ways to measure sleep quality, in which sleep disruptive events are included. To improve sleep quality, it is important to reduce sleep disruptive events such as snoring, apnea, and neck pain resulting to waking symptoms. Few pillow studies have been researched on reducing snoring, relieving neck pains, and enhancing comfort at the same time. Thus the purpose of this papers is to investigate the relationship between pillow shapes and reducing snoring, preventing neck pains, as well as comfort so as to improve sleep quality.
3 anti-snore and neck-pain-relieving pillows and 1 conventional polyester pillow are chosen to be respectively tested for 3 nights on the relationship between the pillows' shapes and the subjects’ sleep quality. One male and one female, who are 40 to 60 years old, participated in this experiment. The sound of snoring was recorded, and the head and neck’s pressure was recorded by a pressure mat during the whole night. This study used Jawbone to test the subjects’ objective sleep quality. After subjects woke up, the subjective evaluation scale of neck pain were filled out to show the subjects’ neck pains condition. Then, I formed a morphological chart based on literature review and used the data got from the pressure mat accompanying with a focus group to determine a pillow design to enhance the sleep quality of middle-aged groups.
After the pillow design was built up, I conducted a 6 nights’ experiment for 6 persons respectively to evaluate the product, with a method same as the previous experiment. Then, according to the data gained from a series of experiments, we could analyze and find out the design’s pros and cons, which nevertheless would provide guidelines for researcher to determine a pillow revision furthermore.
This study investigated the sleep quality of particular users and new-designed pillow shape to enhance the sleep quality of middle-aged groups as better as possible, and in the meantime, to verify the characteristics and features of pillows which could improve sleep quality.
論文目次 摘要 i
SUMMARY ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS iv
LIST OF TABLES viii
LIST OF FIGURES x
LIST OF SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS xii
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Motivation 3
1.3 Purpose 3
1.4 Research Field 3
1.5 Research Structure And Process 4
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 5
2.1 The Classification of Snoring 5
2.2 The Cause of Snoring 5
2.3 The Positional Effect on Snoring 6
2.4 Bony prominence of the head 8
2.5 Interface pressure and bony prominence 9
2.6 Neck pain 9
2.7 Present pillow types 10
2.7.1 Pillow with neck support 11
2.7.2 Shoulder support pillow 11
2.7.3 Other present pillows 13
2.8 Pillow design parameters 15
2.8.1 Material 15
2.8.2 Size 16
CHAPTER 3 METHOD 17
3.1 The Outline of Experiment 17
3.1.1 Experimental Framework 18
3.2 Experiment 1: pretest of four pillow types 19
3.2.1 The Purpose and Process of Experiment 19
3.2.2 Experiment Participants 19
3.2.3 Experimental Execution 19
3.2.4 The Subjective Evaluation 21
3.3 Design development: Focus group 21
3.3.1 Design Guideline 21
3.3.2 The initial morphological chart 22
3.3.3 The process of focus group 22
3.4 Experiment 2: The Evaluation of pillow design 23
3.4.1 The Purpose and Process of Experiment 23
3.4.2 Experiment Participants 23
3.4.3 Experimental Execution 23
3.4.4 The Subjective Evaluation 25
CHAPTER 4 DESIGN DEVELOPMENT 26
4.1 The result and design development in focus group 26
4.1.1 The results of the focus group 26
4.1.2 The final pillow design 29
CHAPTER 5 RESULT 31
5.1 The result of the pretest 31
5.1.1 The pressure distribution overlapping 31
5.1.2 Objective sleep quality 34
5.2 The result of the posttest 35
5.2.1 Objective sleep quality 35
5.2.2 Interface pressure 37
5.2.3 Neck pain degree 38
5.2.4 Postural changing 38
5.2.5 Pressure distribution 39
CHAPTER 6 DISCUSSION 41
6.1 Pretest 41
6.1.1 The head’s sleep position observation 41
6.1.2 The objective sleep quality 42
6.2 Final pillow design 43
6.3 Posttest 43
6.3.1 Objective sleep quality 43
6.3.2 Interface pressure and postural changing 44
6.3.3 The degree of neck pain 45
CHAPTER 7 CONCLUSION 46
REFERENCES 47
Appendix A Neck pain subjective evaluation scale 53
Appendix B The design of Snoring Counting Arduino System 54
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