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系統識別號 U0026-1407201214193400
論文名稱(中文) 多準則決策方法評選2006年海事勞工公約之文件管理模型
論文名稱(英文) Evaluating Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 Documentation Models by MCDM Approach
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 國際經營管理研究所碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Institute of International Management (IIMBA--Master)(on the job class)
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生(中文) 吳文仁
研究生(英文) Wen-Jen Wu
電子信箱 edwardwenjenwu@gmail.com.tw
學號 RA7991152
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 112頁
口試委員 指導教授-鄭至甫
召集委員-呂錦山
口試委員-偉耶倫
口試委員-林豪傑
中文關鍵字 海事勞工公約 (MLC, 2006)  國際海事安全管理章程 (ISM)  多準則決策方法(MCDM)  船員工作與生活條件  管理系統文件 
英文關鍵字 Maritime Labour Convention (MLC, 2006)  International Safety Management (ISM)  Multiple-criteria Decision Making (MCDM)  seafarer working and living conditions  management system documentation 
學科別分類
中文摘要 國際海事勞工公約(MLC, 2006) 即將於2013年生效。此公約關注船員權益、安全與健康以追求一個更好的航運環境。對船東而言,制定「海事勞工符合聲明」文件並界定它與現有「國際海事安全管理章程」(ISM)的互動關係將是一個全新的挑戰。 本論文以船東履行海事勞工公約為期,建構一個全新量化加權的多準則決策階層式架構來評選適當的文件管理模型並與ISM接軌。此多準則階層式架構包含四個構面,14項準則及52項次準則。透過分析網絡程序法(Analytic Network Process)的實證研究,證實在四個比較型中,「部份整合式模型」是最優先選擇;整理及規範強制性要求、維持船隊文件的一致性、律定清楚的安全管理系統權責、充份準備船上試行作業,及MLC, 2006與ISM整合的程度則是五個建立海事勞工公約文件模型時的重點。此多準則階層式架構未來也可延伸用於評估其他管理系統與ISM的整合,例如國際船舶與港口設施保全章程(ISPS)。
英文摘要 The Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 (MLC, 2006) focuses on seafarers' rights, safety and health to pursue a better shipping environment. It is a new challenge for ship owners to generate the required Declaration of Maritime Labour Compliance for certification and interact with the existing International Safety Management (ISM) system. This research constructs a new multiple-criteria decision making weighted hierarchy structure which has 14 criteria under four dimensions and clustered by 52 sub-criteria, aiming for ship owners to evaluate the appropriate documentation models of enforcing MLC, 2006 in line with the ISM system. The Analytic Network Process (ANP) empirical study concludes the partially-integrated documentation model is the most prioritized alternatives than the other three models, and organizing the mandatory requirements, maintaining fleet consistent documents, defining clear organizational authority and responsibility, well preparing for shipboard initial facilitation, and level of integrating MLC, 2006 with ISM are five special notes for setting up MLC, 2006 documentation model. The hierarchy structure could be extended for evaluating integration of other documentation with ISM like the International Code for the Security of Ships and Port Facilities (ISPS).
論文目次 TABLE OF CONTENTS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I
ABSTRACT II
摘要 III
TABLE OF CONTENTS IV
LIST OF TABLES VII
LIST OF FIGURES VIII
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Research Background. 1
1.2 Research Motivation and Objectives. 3
1.3 Research Significance. 4
1.4 Research Structure. 4
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 6
2.1 Industrial Background. 6
2.1.1 The Maritime Safety Regimes. 6
2.1.2 Maritime Labour Convention, 2006. 8
2.2 Declaration of Maritime Labour Compliance. 11
2.2.1 Requirements of Declaration of Maritime Labour Compliance. 11
2.2.2 Management System Documentation. 13
2.3 Alternative Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 Documentation Models. 17
2.3.1 Independent Model (I-Model). 17
2.3.2 All-in-one Model (A-Model). 17
2.3.3 Partially Integrated Model (P-Model). 18
2.3.4 Fully Integrated Model (F-Model). 19
2.4 Dimensions and Criteria of Evaluating Appropriate Documentation System Models. 19
2.4.1 Documents Establishment. 20
2.4.2 Initial Facilitation. 22
2.4.3 Review and Inspection. 24
2.4.4 Continual Operation. 25
CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY 27
3.1 The Hierarchy Structure. 27
3.1.1 The Preliminary Framework. 27
3.2.2 Validation of the Hierarchy Structure. 28
3.1.3 The Final Hierarchy Structure. 30
3.2 MCDM Approach by ANP Method. 32
3.3 ANP Questionnaire Design and Sampling. 37
CHAPTER FOUR RESEARCH RESULTS 43
4.1 Empirical study results and weighting. 43
4.2 The MCDM Model and Recommendation. 55
CHAPTER FIVE CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS 57
5.1 Research Discussion. 57
5.2 Research Implications. 61
5.3 Research Limitations. 63
5.4 Future Research Directions. 64
REFERENCES 65
APPENDICES 69
Appendix 1: Summary of Expert Survey about the MLC, 2006 Documentation Model. 69
Appendix 2: Expert Survey Questionnaire for Validating Dimensions and Criteria. 71
Appendix 3: Experts’ Qualification of Validating the Framework. 83
Appendix 4: Validation Results of the Preliminary Framework 84
Appendix 5: ANP Survey Questionnaire. 88
Appendix 6 The MCDM Hierarchy of MLC, 2006 Documentation Model 112

LIST OF TABLES
Table 2-1 The Fourteen Areas of DMLC I and DMLC II 9
Table 2-2 Description of Criteria at Document Establishing Stage (D1) 20
Table 2-3 Description of Criteria at Initial Facilitation Stage (D2) 23
Table 2-4 Description of Criteria at Review and Inspection Stage (D3) 24
Table 2-5 Description of Criteria at Continual Operation Stage (D4) 26
Table 3-1 Comparison Scale for Second Tier Criteria 29
Table 3-2 The Fundamental Scale Explanation of AHP Method 32
Table 3-3 Sample of Pairwise Comparison 38
Table 3-4 Expert’s Qualification of the ANP Survey 40
Table 4-1 Limiting Priorities with Regard to MLC, 2006 Documentation Models 43
Table 4-2 Converted Limiting Priorities and Normalized by Cluster Priorities with Regard to MLC, 2006 Documentation Models Evaluation 45
Table 4-3 Limiting Priorities of the Second Tier Criteria with Regard to Each Alternative 53
Table 4-4 The Limiting and Normalized Priorities of Alternatives with Ranks 54
Table 4-5 The Numbers of Model Directly Recommended by ANP Survey Experts 56

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 2-1. Summary of total inspection and audit exposure 7
Figure 2-2. I-model, an independent MLC, 2006 documentation system. 17
Figure 2-3. A-model, a comprehensive DMLC II 18
Figure 2-4. P-model, a partially integrated model 18
Figure 2-5. F-model, a fully-integrated system 19
Figure 3-1. Research hierarchy structure 31
Figure 3-2. The three steps of ANP method 34
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