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論文名稱(中文) 探討柯慈於《屈辱》以及《等待野蠻人》兩書中殖民者的轉變: 種族和解之路仍遠嗎?
論文名稱(英文) The Colonizers’ Transformations in J. M. Coetzee’s Disgrace and Waiting for the Barbarians: Is Racial Harmony Possible?
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 外國語文學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Foreign Languages & Literature
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生(中文) 王英智
研究生(英文) Ying-Chih Wang
學號 K2697106
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 99頁
口試委員 指導教授-楊哲銘
口試委員-邱源貴
口試委員-游素玲
中文關鍵字 種族和平  創傷經驗  轉型正義 
英文關鍵字 the racial harmony  traumatic experience  the restorative justice. 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本篇論文旨在探討柯慈於《屈辱》以及《等待野蠻人》兩書中種族和解的可能性。此兩書的主角,大衛魯睿,露西魯睿,以及治安官,皆意識到政權轉移之後,自己的殖民者優勢不再,於是對於人性以及社會公平正義等觀念也逐漸改變。我將以史碧娃的庶民論述來探討這些前任殖民者的人格轉變,來分析柯慈認為種族間的對立仇恨是否會繼續蔓延下去?抑或有可能和平落幕?
我的論文將分為五章,第一章會概括南非政經情勢,探討種族對立問題,進而總和論文重點以及討論方向。第二章則會分析小說主人翁大衛魯睿,在文中對於慾望觀念的詮釋。在露西被黑人歹徒強暴後,魯睿絕望無助,領悟到生活必須依賴他人,守望相助,於是便改去自私性的慾念。更甚,因著女兒被強暴,魯睿開始想要關懷女性壓抑的議題。由於露西堅持不肯透露自己性侵的過程以及心境,魯睿只好靠著幻想來勾勒女性壓抑的藍圖。然而,魯睿並沒有經歷過露西慘遭性侵的過程,在不了解全盤細節下,所做出的猜測並不可以代表弱勢族群真正的聲音。反之,魯睿此舉侵略了弱勢族群發聲的權益。第三章則著重分析露西被強暴後的人格轉變。露西被強暴後,一反過去積極爭取正義的常態,對於自己受害事件絕口不提。露西的沉默是否可當作南非黑白種族間和解的契機?露西對自己強暴事件的消極態度是否在為過去殖民者身分贖罪?事實上,露西並未想償還南非白人共罪,露西之所以沉默是想要利用自己受害事件,使自己從中獲益,以便自己可以繼續留在熱愛的土地。第四章將探討等待野蠻人一書中,治安官對於野蠻人的態度轉變。治安官對野蠻人的態度十分反覆,先是歧視,而後憐憫。但是治安官對野蠻人的憐憫其實出於私心。治安官曾嘗試解讀野蠻人所遺留下來的木片,即使不懂木片內容,仍將木片解讀為野蠻人追求公平正義的決心;治安官又曾親自照顧野蠻人女孩,這兩種舉動都看似有利野蠻人,但實際上卻是治安官在為自己的痛苦經歷發聲,以及為自己的過去贖罪。第五章總結我的論文,分析柯慈在此兩書中到底對種族和平抱持著樂觀,或者悲觀的看法。顯然柯慈認為在政權轉移完成後,短期內種族是無法真正和解,這中間還需漫長的磨合以及溝通。
英文摘要 Based on Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak’s idea of the subaltern, this thesis explores the possibility of racial harmony in J. M. Coetzee’s Disgrace and Waiting for the Barbarians. Both of these novels describe how the colonizers survive and how their conscience changes after the power handover. In Disgrace and Waiting for the Barbarians, David Lurie, Lucy Lurie and the Magistrate, the former colonizers or the descendents of colonizers, go through the transformations after the transfer of power. Due to some violent events, these characters change their certain concepts toward humanity and justice. The introduction is the major ideas of my thesis. In the first chapter, I discuss Lurie’s transformation about his selfish sexual desire. After he is violently attacked and realizes that his daughter Lucy is raped, Lurie recognizes the importance of the bond with others and thus buries his selfish desire. Moreover, Lurie tries to speculate Lucy’s rape experience by his imagination. Lurie’s intention to imagine others’ traumatic experience makes Lucy become the subaltern who cannot speak. Chapter two is about Lucy’s transformation after she is raped. After she is raped, Lucy refuses to report her rape to the police and maintains silent. Lucy’s silent reaction to her rape is often considered as her passive reconciliation between blacks and whites. However, Lucy’s silent response is not to repent whites’ historical guilt of exploiting blacks. Actually, Lucy is active to manage her traumatic experience useful in order to continue her life. In Chapter three, I argue that the Magistrate in Waiting for the Barbarians has an ambivalent attitude toward his prejudice and his sympathy to the barbarians. The Magistrate’s transformation can be discussed in two incidents. First, the Magistrate tries to decipher the wooden slips of barbarians in front of Colonel Joll; second, the Magistrate takes care of the crippled barbarian girl who is tortured by Colonel Joll. However, in these two incidents, the Magistrate’s sympathy is self-interested. The last chapter concludes my thesis. Coetzee’s desperation is shown from his novels which embody little hope for a peaceful community between the current residents in South Africa.
論文目次 Introduction 1

Chapter One: Lurie’s Transformation in Disgrace 15

Chapter Two: Lucy’s Transformation in Disgrace 43

Chapter Three: The Magistrate’s Transformation in Waiting for the Barbarians 68

Conclusion 90

Works Cited 96
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