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系統識別號 U0026-1406201112294600
論文名稱(中文) 產學合作技術移轉過程關鍵成功因素之探討—以成功大學為例
論文名稱(英文) A study of critical success factors in the process of university-industry technology transfer: with an example of NCKU
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工業與資訊管理學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial and Information Management
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生(中文) 李芷苓
研究生(英文) Chih-Ling Li
學號 R36984203
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 71頁
口試委員 指導教授-林清河
口試委員-耿伯文
口試委員-李昇暾
口試委員-吳雅蓉
中文關鍵字 產學合作  技術移轉  關鍵成功因素  交易成本理論  資源基礎理論  制度理論 
英文關鍵字 university-industry collaboration  technology transfer  critical success factors  transaction cost economics  resource-based view  institutional theory 
學科別分類
中文摘要 近年來環境快速變遷與產品生命週期逐漸縮短,使得公司更加重視在創新研發上的深度跟廣度以維持其競爭優勢。這使組織更加積極獲取知識且更加依賴知識的持續累積與發展,因此藉由產學合作吸取外部知識越顯重要,而技術移轉為企業與學校進行產學合作最常使用的合作方式之一,藉由相關的資訊移轉給員工並獲取外部資源以提升企業的競爭優勢,補足現有資源的短缺、增強公司在這環境快速變遷下的生存能力。因此了解技術移轉過程必備的關鍵成功因素,使其推行過程能順利運行且成功執行為目前最為首要的課題,藉由這些關鍵成功因素學校及業界可以加以檢討其推行過程中的不足並加以修正,也利於往後技術移轉合作上的推行,增加新科技產品與擴展新的市場、顧客來源。
技術移轉過程種類眾多且相關議題的探討極為廣泛,本研究整合文獻上關於技術移轉的過程,並根據每個過程以理論為基礎進行深入分析其中的關鍵成功因素,以提升未來在執行技術移轉過程的成功率。
本研究並與曾經參與技術移轉的專家人員進行深度訪談,從中了解技術移轉過程的關鍵成功因素,與這些關鍵成功因素所扮演的角色與其重要度,在方法上採用內容分析法,資料蒐集的部分採深度訪談,並探討其學術與實務間相歧的原因,與文獻所忽略的一些關鍵成功因素。
英文摘要 Nowadays, accelerating pace of environmental exchange and shorting product life cycle force firms to pay more attention on innovation to maintain its competitive advantage. It makes organizations more aggressive to access the knowledge, therefore, to learn the external knowledge by university-industry collaboration is more important in recent years. And technology transfer is one of the most frequently way to university and industry to collaboration, by transferring the relevant information to employees and to obtain external resources to enhance the company’s competitive advantage. Therefore, understanding the critical success factors in the process of university-industry technology transfer to make it successful implementation is the first issue. By the critical success factors, university and industry could check the process and revise the technology transfer, and to increase new products, new markets and new customers.
The issue of technology transfer is extremely broad; this study integrates the literature on the process of technology transfer, according to each process and base on the theory to explore the critical success factors to enhance the future implementation of technology transfer.
These research interviews with the experts, who have participated in the technology transfer, and also learn the critical success factors in the process. We use the in-depth interview to collect our data; we also used content analysis to explore the differences between academic and practical, and the critical success factors which were neglected to the literature.
論文目次 Abstract i
摘要 ii
致謝 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 ix
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究流程 4
第二章 文獻探討 5
2.1產學合作 5
2.1.1 產學合作的定義 5
2.1.2產學合作的利益 5
2.2技術移轉 8
2.2.1 技術移轉的定義 8
2.2.2技術移轉的類型與模式 8
2.2.3技術移轉的過程 10
2.3關鍵成功因素 15
2.3.1交易成本理論 (Transaction cost economics) 15
2.3.2資源基礎理論 (Resource-based view) 16
2.3.3制度理論 (Institutional theory) 18
2.3.4一般管理與領導理論 18
第三章 研究方法 19
3.1研究流程 19
3.2內容分析法 20
3.2.1內容分析法的定義與原則 20
3.2.2內容分析法的架構 21
3.2.3內容分析法的步驟 22
3.2.4資料收集 24
3.2.5個案背景介紹 25
3.2.6建構類目、單元與編碼 26
3.2.7信效度分析 29
第四章 分析結果 32
4.1 初步結果 32
4.2 內容分析法的結果 35
4.2.1 語幹分析 35
4.2.2 信度分析 37
4.3 深度訪談的結果 37
第五章 討論 51
5.1 學校內部產學合作前端運作 51
5.2 移轉協商 53
5.3 移轉給公司 54
5.4 其他現象 55
第六章 結論與建議 58
6.1 結論 58
6.2管理意涵 59
6.3 研究限制 60
6.4 未來研究 61
參考文獻 63
附錄一 半結構式的訪談問項 68
附錄二 訪談人員詳細資料表 71
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