系統識別號 U0026-1308202015205900
論文名稱(中文) 嬰幼兒透過哺餵母乳暴露於鉛和汞之健康風險
論文名稱(英文) The health risk of the infants expose to lead and mercury through breastfeeding
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 食品安全衛生暨風險管理研究所
系所名稱(英) Department of Food Safety / Hygiene and Risk Management
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生(中文) 李存青
研究生(英文) Tsun-Ching Li
學號 SC6074033
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 145頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳秀玲
中文關鍵字     飲食習慣  懸浮微粒  母乳 
英文關鍵字 lead  mercury  maternal dietary habits  particulate matter  breastmilk 
中文摘要 台灣傳統坐月子飲食為可能導致高重金屬暴露之特殊飲食習慣,若母乳受到鉛和汞等重金屬物質污染,其透過母乳哺餵傳遞給嬰幼兒而有神經毒性之疑慮。除了飲食消費習慣,空氣品質與外出活動習慣亦是影響哺乳婦女重金屬暴露的重要因素。
本研究共納入39位符合條件之研究對象,母乳樣本共採集228件;血液樣本14件。母乳樣本鉛和汞濃度平均值分別為6.57 ± 5.29和0.76 ± 0.98 µg/L,甲基汞於母乳中的濃度則是皆未檢出;血液樣本鉛和汞濃度之平均值分別為21.2 ± 10.5和7.35 ± 2.16 µg/L。
英文摘要 Maternal living and diet habits may be critical factors that would influence the metals exposure. The aim of this study is to monitor lead (Pb), mercury (Hg) and methylmercury (MeHg) in breastmilk, and to discuss the effect of maternal dietary habits and air quality on the concentration of metals in breastmilk and to assess health risks of Pb and Hg exposure to infants through breastfeeding. Pb and Hg levels will be measured in breast milk and blood samples by ICP-MS and MeHg levels are measured by LC/ICP-MS. According to the result, it showed the significant differences of the infants’ risk among alternative postpartum month. Some of the living environment and food consumption habit, including pollution source near houses, cleaning habits, cosmetic usage, the type of drinking water, internal organs of animal source, egg product, seafood and canned food consumption, have significant influences on the concentration of toxic metal in human milk. Unacceptable non-cancer health risk (HI=1.37>1) for Pb and Hg was found in this study. The results indicated a potential non-cancer risk of toxic metals, especially Pb, for infants through the consumption of breast milk.
論文目次 目錄 VIII
表目錄 10
圖目錄 11
第1章 緒論 13
第一節 研究背景 13
第2章 文獻回顧 15
第一節 母乳哺育的重要性與南區母乳庫 15
第二節 坐月子飲食型態 17
第三節 重金屬污染與人類疾病 19
第四節 食品中重金屬含量 27
第五節 懸浮微粒中所含重金屬與人類疾病 33
第六節 美國國家健康和營養檢查調查 36
第七節 母乳中污染物之相關研究彙整 37
第3章 研究材料與方法 42
第一節 研究方法 42
第二節 研究對象與收樣流程 44
第三節 樣本分析 47
第四節 風險評估方法 52
第4章 結果與討論 53
第一節 研究對象招募 53
第二節 哺乳婦女和嬰幼兒基本資料與生活及飲食型態 54
第三節 母乳中重金屬之健康風險評估 90
第四節 研究重要性與限制 100
第5章 結論與建議 101
第6章 參考文獻 103
附錄一 115
附錄二 131
附錄三 137
附錄四 145
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