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論文名稱(中文) 從三都多功能都市農業之經營發展探討土地利用政策─以市民農園、休閒農場為例
論文名稱(英文) Exploring the Land Use Policy of Operating Multi-Functional Urban Agriculture in Taipei, New Taipei City and Kaohsiung City─ Taking City Farm and Leisure Farm as Examples
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 都市計劃學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Urban Planning
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生(中文) 吳依珊
研究生(英文) Yi-Shan, Wu
學號 P26011218
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 130頁
口試委員 口試委員-吳彩珠
口試委員-陳美智
口試委員-曾憲嫻
口試委員-張秀慈
指導教授-孔憲法
中文關鍵字 都市農業  市民農園  休閒農場  土地利用 
英文關鍵字 urban agriculture  city farm  leisure farm  land use 
學科別分類
中文摘要 臺灣農業政策從民國80年以來逐漸轉型為多功能農業發展。近來因糧食危機及都市市民追求對糧食安全自主生產之需求,臺灣農委會提出「在地生產、在地消費」觀念來發展臺灣農業。因此,「都市農業」之發展逐漸受到重視。本研究針對臺灣最早發展都市農業的臺北市、鄰近的新北市及南部高雄市進行研究調查以探討多功能都市農業經營發展與在其土地使用現況上是否具有限制或衝突,做為未來土地規劃上的發展建議。
本研究因缺乏都市農業相關統計資料,故研究對象以合法或政策推動之市民農園及休閒農場為主要探討範圍。利用深度訪談方式,親自拜訪多功能都市農業之經營者,取得相關基礎資料及發展模式,進而探討從事多功能都市農業之原因及發展限制。
本研究發現臺灣多功能都市農業的產生與政策推動有關聯。影響經營者轉型為多功能都市農業主要原因為缺少規模經濟。近期成立之多功能都市農業則以健康因素居多。普遍多功能都市農業具有生產功能。教育功能占整體比例不高。經濟面部分,三都皆以土地承租為主。而高雄地區承租類型則趨向多元發展。多功能都市農業因經營項目而有不同收益。在土地使用現況方面,臺北區皆位於保護區受到都市計畫法及國家公園法規限制,新北市及高雄市土地使用分區受都市計畫法與非都土開發許可管制。周邊土地區位及土地使用現況會影響發展類型。目前相關都市農業尚缺乏一套完整機制與政策去管理都市農業之土地利用與開發。讓位於不同分區農地,能有不同土地利用管理辦法。針對未來土地開發,能有適當補償機制,或是對於未來開發保留農業區使用,並持續進行農業使用的積極用途。
英文摘要 SUMMARY
Surveying the cities that included the earliest development of urban agriculture in Taipei, directly adjacent in new Taipei and southern Kaohsiung explored the multi-functional urban agriculture business development and it explored whether restrictions on land use or conflict. It can be used as development proposals on the future land use planning.
It is focuses on a legitimate object of study or of public policy to promote city farm and leisure farm. Get basic information and development model by using the depth interviews that the researchers personally visited versatile operators of urban agriculture and discusses the reasons for engaging in urban agriculture and the development of multi-functional restrictions.
Affect the operators transition to multi-functional urban agriculture mainly due to the lack of economies of scale. In terms of land use, it is located in protected areas in Taipei so it is restricted by the Urban Planning Act and the National Park regulations. New Taipei City and Kaohsiung City zoning are restricted by the Urban Planning Act and all land development permit non-regulatory. Surrounding land location and land use would affect the development of type. Urban agriculture is still a lack of a complete set of mechanisms and policies to manage land use and development of urban agriculture in the present. To have an appropriate compensation mechanism for future land development, or to continue keeping agricultural use of active use for reserved the future development of the agricultural area used.
Key words: urban agriculture, city farm, leisure farm, land use
INTRODUCTION
Due to lack of urban agriculture-related statistics, it is focuses on a legitimate object of study or of public policy to promote city farm and leisure farm. Get basic information and development model by using the depth interviews that the researchers personally visited versatile operators of urban agriculture and discusses the reasons for engaging in urban agriculture and the development of multi-functional restrictions.
In this study, we investigated the relationship between management and land use on Urban Agriculture. With the results, we can find that the development of policies in different regions. Forms of development of different regions are different. By understanding the reasons that the operators engaged in urban agriculture, development restrictions of urban agriculture and land policies and so on can be used as a factor to consider when planning in the future.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
1. Literature Review
This study collected substantial relevant literatures, statistical data and other network resources on urban agriculture at home and abroad. By analysing the development of urban agriculture and related theory, classification types and functional value of urban agriculture could be theorized. Select the earliest development of urban agriculture in Taipei, directly adjacent in new Taipei and southern Kaohsiung for this research by collecting basic information on the development of urban agriculture in Taiwan to. And this is to formulate the outline of the foundation depth interviews.
2. In-depth Interview
In this study, due to lack of urban agriculture-related statistics, it is focuses on a legitimate object of study or of public policy to promote city farm and leisure farm. Get basic information and development model by using the depth interviews that the researchers personally visited versatile operators of urban agriculture and discusses the reasons for engaging in urban agriculture and the development of multi-functional restrictions. In this study, data from the site were obtained 50 samples. Urban agriculture is defined in accordance with the selection, so the research actually touching the 48 urban agriculture operators. After the actual contact, there are two non-opening and there are five defunct. There are 10 operators refused interviews, so the actual total number of respondents was 36.
3. Map Overlay Technique
Map Overlay Technique is different attributes geographic data overlay on the same base map. In this study, using this method coincided land use zoning of the study area surrounding and land use of the current situation to compare and analyse.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Depth interviews to understand the policies to promote Taiwan produce multifunctional urban agriculture related with multi respective administrative Farmers guidance policy. Affect the operator’s transition to multi-functional urban agriculture mainly due to the lack of economies of scale. In recent years, the establishment of multi-functional urban agriculture to health factors in the majority. Universal multi-functional urban agriculture has the function of production. Educational function occupies the overall proportion is not high. In economically-oriented, all of them dominated the land lease as the main source of income but the type is a multi-tenant development in Kaohsiung. The main impact of multi-functional urban agriculture varies in different types of income.
In terms of land use, it is located in protected areas in Taipei so it is restricted by the Urban Planning Act and the National Park regulations. New Taipei City and Kaohsiung City zoning are restricted by the Urban Planning Act and all land development permit non-regulatory. Surrounding land location and land use would affect the development of type. Urban agriculture is still a lack of a complete set of mechanisms and policies to manage land use and development of urban agriculture in the present. Let agricultural land located in different partitions can have different land-use management. To have an appropriate compensation mechanism for future land development, or to continue keeping agricultural use of active use for reserved the future development of the agricultural area used.
CONCLUSION
Urban agriculture is an important concept that can alleviate the food crisis and improve urban public life. Thus, urban agriculture is the need to be development. Due to limitations of time and money, this research selected site in Taipei, New Taipei City and Kaohsiung City to study. From this study can be found in different areas of development are not the same, the results were not representative of the whole of Taiwan. However, this study could be a reference for the development of for the development of the region and the standards of improve the area. As a result, the study show that it will need to have an appropriate compensation mechanism for future land development or to continue keeping agricultural use of active use for reserved the future development of the agricultural area used.
論文目次 摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
誌謝 V
目錄 VI
圖目錄 VIII
表目錄 IX
第一章緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究流程內容 4
第四節 研究限制 5
第五節 名詞解釋 6
第二章 文獻回顧 7
第一節 都市農業的發展與定義 7
第二節 都市農業的功能 16
第三節 都市農業的類型 20
第四節 小結 27
第三章 研究設計 28
第一節 研究架構 28
第二節 研究方法 28
第三節 研究範圍與實證地區說明 31
第四節 訪談對象 34
第四章 實證地區多功能都市農業發展情形 40
第一節 農業發展歷程與法規政策 40
第二節多功能都市農業分布與發展模式 53
第三節 多功能都市農業發展阻礙 68
第五章 實證地區結果分析 71
第一節 實證地區投入多功能都市農業的因素 71
第二節 實證地區多功能都市農業發展功能 74
第三節 實證地區多功能都市農業發展效益 82
第四節 實證地區多功能都市農業土地利用 89
第五節 實證地區比較分析 105
第六章 結論與討論 109
第一節 研究結果 109
第二節 發展建議 111
第三節 後續研究建議 115
參考資料 116
附錄一 訪談問卷大綱 119
附錄二 臺北市各級農會市民農園輔導作業要點 120
附錄三 休閒農業輔導管理辦法 122
附錄四 實證地區相關照片 129
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網路資料
臺灣農夫市集地圖http://farmersmarket.ushahidi.tw/main
臺北市政府都市發展局http://www.planning.taipei.gov.tw/
農業部市場與經濟資訊司http://www.scs.moa.gov.cn/
城市探索市民農園城市農夫夢 - 高雄市政府新聞局-高雄畫刊http://kcginfo.kcg.gov.tw/Publish_Content.aspx?n=3D7C9BFC4F86BF4A&sms=FB76F1E6517A12DC&s=9E012ADAA70A10CE&chapt=6799&sort=1
高雄市政府農業局http://agri.kcg.gov.tw/
高雄市都市發展局http://urban-web.kcg.gov.tw/ksnew/ks09/ks0901.jsp
農政與農情 90年1月(第103期)-農業政策與農業法規http://www.coa.gov.tw/view.php?catid=3860
農業易遊網http://ezgo.coa.gov.tw/index.php
新北市政府城鄉發展局http://www.planning.ntpc.gov.tw/web/Home?command=display&page=flash
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