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系統識別號 U0026-1308201211131700
論文名稱(中文) 居民之自然環境關係與其環境資源保護態度之關聯性 ─以龍鑾潭特別景觀區及週邊地區為例─
論文名稱(英文) Correlation between Attitude of Residents toward Natural Resources Conservation and their relationship with Nature – the Case of Long Luan Lake Area
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 建築學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Architecture
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生(中文) 溫偵妤
研究生(英文) Jan-Yu Wun
學號 n76991336
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 60頁
口試委員 指導教授-張珩
口試委員-杜功仁
口試委員-賴美蓉
口試委員-張效通
口試委員-石豐宇
中文關鍵字 環境保育  自然關聯  墾丁國家公園 
英文關鍵字 environmental conservation  nature relatedness  environmental concern 
學科別分類
中文摘要 環境保育已是全球所關注的議題。在IUCN( International Union for Conservation of Nature)聯合國會議中,定義「環境保育」為自然環境資源管理─空氣、水資源、土壤資源、礦物資源與人類生活空間─以達到人類生活的最高永續品質。管理方法包括調查、研究、立法、監督、保護、使用(utilization)、教育和培訓。
台灣政府設立自然環境保護區域,如國家公園、保護區、景觀區等等即是環境保育的策略之一。在恆春鎮的龍鑾潭地區,為墾丁國家公園之特別景觀區,主要在保護溼地環境、保育水鳥及每年來此過境或過冬的候鳥。
政府有意擴大保護範圍,欲將龍鑾潭東北土地納入環境保護區。環境保護區的擴大,對於野生動植物以及其棲息地而言,是將人為影響降低的好政策,然此項政策也勢必為當地居民的生活帶來正面或負面影響。因此,探討影響居民支持環境保護的因素,了解居民對環境保護的態度變成為一個有趣且實用的議題。本研究以保育區內居民與大自然之關係與其支持環境保育政策之態度的關聯性為探討主題。
本研究範圍選定恆春鎮南方的龍鑾潭其周邊環境,包括龍水里與南灣里。因兩里範圍相當遼闊,考量到本研究主要議題為針對龍鑾潭周邊環境,因此以台26線將南灣里西半邊納入研究範圍。以研究範圍內的居民進行問卷抽樣。問卷架構有自然關聯、資源保護以及居民背景屬性等三構面,針對當地居民進行問卷調查,共得樣本數145份,並將資料做量化統計分析。
研究結果顯示,影響居民對資源保護的態度主要有「自然環境保護態度」以及「自然環境觀察度」。「自然環境保護態度」與有限制開發為高度正相關,與發展觀光呈負相關。「自然環境觀察度」與發展觀光有正相關。
以自然環境保護態度來看,居民是傾向於資源有限制開發,不正向支持發展觀光。從自然環境觀察度而言,居民是傾向於發展觀光,也同時正向支持資源有限制開發。
在環境保護區生活的居民,因其自然資源皆受到保護無法做為經濟產業,所以期望發展觀光產業。建議未來在擴大龍鑾潭特別景觀區範圍的同時,應考慮到社區的經濟發展,為保護區居民規畫新的經濟產業,以保持社區的永續發展。
英文摘要 As know as that environmental conservation has became a world issue. In 1969, IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) defined environmental conservation as "management of the resources of the environment - air, water, soil, minerals and living species including man - so as to achieve the highest sustainable quality of human 1ife. Management in this context includes surveys, research, legislation, administration, preservation, utilization, and implies education and training. Established National Park is a useful strategy to conserve environment for government.
Long Luan Lake is one of scenic areas of Kenting National Park in Hengchun, has abundant wetlands ecosystem, and the main purpose of conservation is to protect migratory birds and water birds, also their habitats. Now government attempt to extend scenic areas of Long Luan Lake. Although the policy of extending scenic areas is good for wild animal and nature environment, it may bring out positive or negative effects to local residents.
This study examines the attitude of local residents living in and around the protected area of Long Luan Lake toward nature resources conservation by questionnaire. The results of data analyze show "attitude toward environment conservation” and “observation of environment conservation” are the main factors correlate with nature resources conservation. In terms of attitude toward environment conservation, local residents tend to limit the development of resources. And in terms of observation of environment conservation, local residents tend to advance tourism development and limit the development of resources.
Because of natural resources are protected unable to be the economic industry, the local residents living around protected area would need another economic resources to preserve their livelihood. As a recommendation, when planning about the extending scenic areas of Long Luan Lake, should consider resident’s income and livelihood.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 .....................................1
第一節 動機與目的 ...............................................1
第二節 研究範圍與對象 ...............................................2
第三節 研究方法 ...............................................2
第四節 研究流程 ...............................................2
第二章 文獻回顧 ...............................................5
第一節 環境關注 (Environmental Concern) ...............................................5
第二節 新環境典範(New Environmental Paradigm) ...................................... 6
第三節 自然關聯(Nature Relatedness) ................................................8
第四節 資源保護 ................................................10
第三章 研究架構與問卷設計 ................................................13
第一節 研究範圍 ................................................13
第二節 研究架構與假設 ................................................16
第三節 問卷設計 ................................................18
第四節 研究母體與抽樣 .................................................22
第五節 分析方法 ....................................23
第四章 樣本與資料分析 .................................................25
第一節 樣本分析 ................................................ 25
第二節 項目分析與因素分析 .................................................26
第三節 自然關聯與資源保護之相關性 .................................................35
第四節 背景屬性與自然關聯、資源保護之相關性 ......................................... 41
第五章 結論與建議 .................................................51
第一節 研究結果 .................................................51
第二節 結論與建議 .................................................52
第三節 後續研究 .................................................53
文獻 .............................................55
附錄 .............................................59
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