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系統識別號 U0026-1307201015093500
論文名稱(中文) 新型咬合器雛形系統之開發
論文名稱(英文) Prototyping A New Articulator System
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 機械工程學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Mechanical Engineering
學年度 98
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生(中文) 蔡佳彰
研究生(英文) Chia-Chang Tsai
電子信箱 tsai.chiachang@gmail.com
學號 n1697446
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 105頁
口試委員 指導教授-方晶晶
口試委員-王東堯
口試委員-曾清秀
中文關鍵字 導航咬合器  面弓置位  正顎手術  光學追蹤系統 
英文關鍵字 Articulator  Face-bowless  Orthognathic surgery  Optical tracking system 
學科別分類
中文摘要 正顎手術的目的是使患者有良好的齒列與顏顎面對稱關係,根據顏面特徵比例及適當的咬合關係進行口外手術計畫的擬定,本研究目標為開發一套協助醫師執行正顎手術計畫之咬合器系統。
本研究開發的導航咬合器雛形系統提出機械式與光學式兩種免面弓(Face-bowless)齒模置位(Mount)於咬合器(Articulator)之方法,提高置位精度與準度,改善傳統咬合器樞紐軸和齒模相對位置,與患者實際狀況相異之問題。雛形系統整合了自製光學追蹤裝置、顏顎骨最佳對稱分析方法與兩組免面弓咬合器元件,可即時量化並呈現齒模移動時上下顎骨關係位置與整體的對稱度,供後續開發整併三維測顱分析、咬合與中下臉部的對稱度評估。最後驗證導航咬合器雛形系統之置位精度,並應用於正顎手術實例上。
英文摘要 The main concept of this study is to develop a new articulator system, to assist surgeons in planning the orthognathic surgery.
The new system can faithfully reveal the correct positions between mandibular rotational axis (connecting left and right condyles) and upper jaw which respectively represents hinge axis and dental casts on general artificial articulator. This prototype system integrates a self-developd optical tracking device embedded the best symmetry evaluation method and two sets of face-bowless articulator components. Finally, we verify the system accuracy and validate its feasibility by applying it in orthognathic surgical planning.
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VII
表目錄 XII
第一章 前言 1
1.1 研究背景 6
1.2 研究動機與目的 7
1.3 本文架構 8
第二章 文獻回顧 10
2.1 正顎手術計畫 10
2.2 咬合器與面弓 13
2.2.1 齒模置位流程 16
2.2.2 咬合器與面弓相關文獻 19
第三章 光學追蹤系統 25
3.1 相機模型與相機參數 25
3.2 相機校正 34
3.3 光學定位標記物 42
3.4 標記物點群辨識方法 44
3.5 座標註冊與轉換 46
3.6 光學定位精度 49
3.6.1 相機校正穩健性評估 49
3.6.2 相機校正逆運算誤差 51
3.6.3 光學定位移動誤差 53
第四章 蔡氏咬合器 55
4.1 蔡氏咬合器構造 55
4.2 機械式置位裝置 58
4.3 齒模固定機構可調式固定手臂 61
第五章 導航咬合器系統 63
5.1 系統架構 63
5.2 齒模置位方法 64
5.2.1 前置作業 65
5.2.2 光學式置位方法 68
5.2.3 機械式置位方法 71
5.2.4 咬合器樞紐軸逆運算 73
5.3 對稱面 75
5.3.1 對稱方法 76
5.3.2 對稱分析 76
5.4 兼具對稱與咬合評估的手術計畫 78
5.4.1 移動齒模即時呈現顎骨關係 78
5.4.2 重現術前與術後記錄 79
第六章 系統精度與實例應用 81
6.1 置位誤差 81
6.2 實例應用流程 85
6.3 誤差分析 92
第七章 結論與未來展望 94
7.1 結論 94
7.2 討論 96
7.3 未來展望 97
參考文獻 100
自述 105
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