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系統識別號 U0026-1302201920463400
論文名稱(中文) 探討第一類與非第一類身心障礙者之家庭支持知覺與認知功能對就業穩定的影響
論文名稱(英文) Exploration of the Impact of the Family Support Perceptions and Cognitive Function on Employment Stability of the First Category and Non-first Category of People with Disabilities
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 健康照護科學研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Allied Health Sciences
學年度 107
學期 1
出版年 108
研究生(中文) 張瀚云
研究生(英文) Han-Yun Chang
學號 ta8001017
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 109頁
口試委員 口試委員-林幸台
口試委員-花茂棽
口試委員-陳靜江
口試委員-徐淑婷
指導教授-郭乃文
中文關鍵字 認知功能  身心障礙  就業穩定度  家庭支持知覺  國際健康功能與身心障礙分類系統 
英文關鍵字 cognitive Function  disability  employment Stability  family Support Perceptions  ICF 
學科別分類
中文摘要 研究目的:探討第一類與非第一類身心障礙者之家庭支持知覺與認知功能對就業穩定的影響。
研究方法:經由雲嘉南四縣市職業重建專業人員轉介符合勞動年齡之身心障礙者,運用描述性統計、同質性檢驗、極端組檢驗、探索性因素分析、驗證性因素分析、羅序模式檢驗及組間相關係數方式發展家庭支持知覺量表。之後,運用家庭支持知覺量表與成人生涯認知量表進行收案,於個案完成問卷填寫後以電話追蹤其受測後三個月與六個月後之就業情形。運用卡方分析、成對樣本T檢定、效果量及線性回歸檢視ICF第一類/非第一類障礙者穩定就業組與未穩定就業組家庭支持覺察、認知複雜度及認知不一致是否有差異,並探討家庭支持覺察與認知功能對就業之預測力。
研究結果:家庭支持覺察於穩定就業組與未穩定就業組間有顯著差異,其中,第一類身心障礙者穩定組與未穩定組間未有顯著差異,但非第一類身心障礙者間則出現顯著性差異。認知複雜度與認知不一致則與家庭支持知覺相反,於第一類身心障礙者穩定組與未穩定組間出現顯著差異,但於非第一類身心障礙者間則未出現顯著性差異。
討論:對於非第一類身心障礙者,當其情緒與自我效能支持知覺不足時,建議透過提升其支持覺察,以提升其後續就業穩定。但對於第一類身心障礙者,提升其認知功能反而對其後續就業穩定具正向影響。
英文摘要 Purpose: Exploration of the impact of the family support perceptions and cognitive function on employment stability of the first category and non-first category of people with disabilities.
Method: First, using descriptive statistical test, a homogeneity of variance test, an extreme group inspection–critical ratio test, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, Rasch analysis, and intraclass correlation coefficient to develop and norm established of the Chinese version of the people with disability’s perception of family support scale. second, using Pearson’s chi-squared test, independent sample t-tests, Cohen's d and the linear regression to explores the significance of family support perceptions and cognitive function in the workplace stability of people with disabilities and further analyzes the differences in family support perceptions, cognitive complexity and cognitive dissonance between the stable employment group and the non-stable employment group of the first category and non-first category of people with disabilities.
Result: The Scale was demonstrated to be a self-report tool with satisfactory psychometric properties that can be used to effectively measure the perceived family support of people with disability. In the variable of family support perception, there is no significant difference between the stable employment group and unstable employment group of the first category of people with disabilities, while significant difference can be found in the non-first category people with disabilities. In the variables of cognitive complexity and cognitive dissonance, there is significant difference between the stable employment group and unstable employment group of the first category of people with disabilities, while significant difference can not be found in the non-first category people with disabilities.
Discussion: Support the need to increase levels of emotional support and self-efficacy enhancement-oriented support when they are perceived insufficient, especially for non-first category of people with disabilities. Moreover, cognitive function is a significant predictor of vocational stability. Increasing the cognitive function of the first category of people with disabilities may improve vocational outcome.
論文目次 1.Introduction 1
1.1 The categorization of disability 1
1.2 Perceived support and received support 3
1.3 Family support in Chinese cultural values 3
1.4 Areas of concern regarding family support 4
1.5 What may cause the difference of perceived support? 7
1.6 The first category of people with disabilities 11
1.7 Effectiveness of cognitive Function Damage on Employment Results 12
2. Study 1 16
2.1 Background and Hypotheses 17
2.2 Materials and Methods 18
2.3Results 21
2.4 Discussion 32
3. Study 2 34
3.1 Background and Hypotheses 35
3.2 Materials and Methods 36
3.3 Results 36
3.4 Discussion 58
4. Study 3 62
4.1 Background and Hypotheses 63
4.2 Research Methods 64
4.3 Results 67
4.4 Discussion 90
5. Future aims and limitation of Studies 92
Reference 95
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