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系統識別號 U0026-1212201114492200
論文名稱(中文) 產學合作之知識移轉:廠商的資源及能力如何經由產學互動來影響知識移轉績效
論文名稱(英文) Knowledge Transfer of University-Industry (U-I):How do firms' resources and capacities influence knowledge transfer performance via the U-I interactions
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 企業管理學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Business Administration
學年度 100
學期 1
出版年 100
研究生(中文) 吳慶壽
研究生(英文) Ching-Shou Wu
學號 r4892114
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 89頁
口試委員 指導教授-蔡燿全
口試委員-陳順宇
口試委員-方世杰
口試委員-劉佳玲
口試委員-潘忠煜
中文關鍵字 吸收能力  知識移轉績效  夥伴間資源配置  產學互動 
英文關鍵字 Absorptive capacity  knowledge transfer performance  interpartner resource alignment  university-industry (U-I) interaction 
學科別分類
中文摘要 處在一個快速的國際競爭及科技日新月異的環境中,特殊領域的知識不斷地成長。面對這樣的一個背景,發展創新產品及服務;採用新的技術;或建立現有技術的適應能力,是取得及保持競爭優勢較有利的方式。大學及產業經常保持合作,正表示跨組織資源、能力及知識交流的重大意涵。依循這樣的新領域,本研究從產學合作觀點,探討大學及產業在夥伴間資源配置及吸收能力對知識移轉績效的影響。運用迴歸分析檢測120份台灣企業的樣本資料及其研究假設。研究發現,夥伴間資源利用正向影響產學互動;吸收能力正向影響產學互動;產學互動也正向影響知識移轉績效。依據本研究的實證資料顯示,支持程序導向觀點,亦即產學互動扮演著夥伴間資源配置及吸收能力與知識移轉績效之間的中介角色。本研究有二個意涵,首先,強調在結合產學合作之後,知識移轉在財務及一般績效上,所創造出來的價值。其次,本研究支持並建議,夥伴間資源配置提供了資源及能力交換的必要元素。因此未來的研究可以分析台灣企業個案的實務情況,相信這樣的議題值得未來更進一步研究。
關鍵詞:吸收能力,知識移轉績效,夥伴間資源配置,產學互動
英文摘要 An increasing speed of international competition and rapid technological change, leads to a growing specialization in specific fields and subfields of knowledge. Against this background, the development of innovative products and services, the adoption of new technologies or the creative adaptation of existing technologies are favorable processes to gain and maintain competitive advantages. Universities and industry have often engaged in collaboration as a means of improving cross-unit transfers of the resources, capabilities, and knowledge. Following this frontier, this study examines the effects of university and firm interpartner resource alignment and absorptive capacity on knowledge transfer performance from the university-industry (U-I) perspective. Regression analysis is used to test the hypotheses in a sample of 120 Taiwanese firms. The research findings suggest that, interpartner resource utilization is positively related to U-I interaction; that when the effect of a firm’s absorptive capacity is higher, U-I interaction is more favorable; and that U-I interaction is positively related to knowledge transfer performance. Our empirical results support the process-oriented view and indicate that U-I interaction plays the mediating role between resource alignment, absorptive capacity and knowledge transfer performance. The implications of this study are two-fold. First, it emphasizes the value of creative financial and general performance in knowledge transfer by incorporating the U-I interaction perspective. Second, the research results offer support for suggestions that interpartner resource alignment provides a necessary element for capacity and resource exchange. Hence, one interesting further research would analyze practical cases of some Taiwanese companies with the described approach. This is an important practical issue that should be examined in the future
論文目次 List of Tables…………………………………………………………………I
List of Figures………………………………………………………II
Abstract………………………………………………………………………III
Chinese abstract……………………………………………………………IV
Acknowledgements…………………………………………………………V
Chapter 1 Introduction………………………………………………………1-1
1.1 Background and research motivation……………………1-1
1.2 Research Purpose………………………………………………………………1-3
1.3 Research Procedure…………………………………………………………1-5
1.3.1 The organization of this dissertation……………………1-5
1.3.2 Research flow…………………………………………………………1-5
Chapter 2 Literature Review and Hypotheses………………2-1
2.1 The Resource-based view (RBV)…………………………2-1
2.1.1 Definitions and typology of resource……………………2-1
2.1.2 From resource-based view to knowledge-based view……2-4
2.2 From dynamic capacity perspective to absorptive capacity………………………………2-6
2.3 Knowledge transfer………………………2-9
2.3.1 Distinguishing between technology transfer and knowledge transfer…………………2-9
2.3.2 University-Industry (U-I) knowledge transfer………………2-10
2.3.3 The process of knowledge transfer…………………………2-11
2.3.4 The performance of knowledge transfer………………………2-16
Chapter 3 Methodology……………………………………………3-1
3.1 Research Framework…………………………………………3-1
3.2 Hypotheses development………………………………3-2
3.2.1 Interpartner resource alignment……………………3-2
3.2.2 Absorptive capacity…………………………………………………3-4
3.2.3 University-Industry interaction…………………………3-6
3.2.4 Mediating effect of U-I interaction………………3-7
3.3 Operational definition variables……………………………3-8
3.3.1 Dependent variable………………………………………………3-8
3.3.2 Independent variables……………………………………3-9
3.3.3 Control variables…………………………………………………3-12
3.4 Sample and data Collection………………………………3-13
3.4.1 Characteristics of respondents………………3-13
3.4.2 Non-response bias………………………………………………3-13
3.5 Statistical analysis methods………………………3-16
3.5.1 Factor analysis………………………………………………3-16
3.5.2 Item-to-total correlation…………………………3-16
3.5.3 Internal consistency analysis…………………3-16
3.5.4 Descriptive statistic and correlation analysis………3-17
3.5.5 Multiple regressions and testing mediation……………3-17
Chapter 4 Results……………………………………4-1
4.1 Factor analysis and reliability test………………………4-1
4.2 Descriptive statistics and correlation…………………4-7
4.3 Test of the hypotheses……………………………………………4-7
Chapter 5 Discussions and Conclusions……………………………5-1
5.1 Discussion of results…………………………………………5-1
5.2 Implications and contributions…………………………5-3
5.3 Limitations and future research…………………5-4
Reference…………………………………………………6-1
Appendix……………………………………………………6-12
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