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系統識別號 U0026-1209201614445500
論文名稱(中文) 高效益苯並三唑類紫外線吸收劑之實驗與理論計算探討
論文名稱(英文) Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Highly Efficient UV Absorbers Derived from 2-(2’-Hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazole
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 化學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Chemistry
學年度 105
學期 1
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 陳亞倫
研究生(英文) Ya-Lun Chen
學號 l38001111
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 180頁
口試委員 指導教授-黃福永
口試委員-王小萍
口試委員-徐新光
口試委員-黃景帆
口試委員-施良垣
中文關鍵字 密度泛涵理論計算  分子內氫鍵  紫外光吸收劑  激發態分子內質子轉移  分子軌域  熱可塑性塑膠 
英文關鍵字 Tinuvin-P  Tinuvin-PS  Tinuvin-329  (Excited-State Intramolecular Proton-Transfer) ESIPT  (Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding) IMHB  UV absorber  Density Functional Theory (DFT)  Thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)  Molecular Orbital Electron Density 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本實驗分別利用起始物2-(2’-羥基-5’-甲基苯基)苯並三唑(2-(2’-hydroxy-5-methylphenyl) benzotriazole)、2-(2’-羥基-5’-異丁基苯基)苯並三唑(2-(2’-hydroxy-5-tertbutylphenyl)benzotriazole)、2-(2’-羥基-5’-異辛基苯基)苯並三唑(2-(2-hydroxy-5-tertoctylphenyl) benzo-triazole)為主架構,使用Gaussion03計算出具有潛力的新型紫外線吸收劑,包括分子結構最佳化、可能的電子光譜預測,並且合成出一系列新型的紫外線吸收劑。溶於氯仿中,以溶液態測定衍生物的紫外線吸收光譜,探討其在溶液態時的紫外線吸收,並與化合物2-(2’-羥基-5’-甲基苯基)苯並三唑相比較,用理論計算採用密度泛涵理論計算驗證並解釋實驗結果,利用分子軌域的電子躍遷來分析化合物在激發態進行分子內質子轉移傾向,來解釋實驗的紫外線吸收峰來自何種能階之電子躍遷。根據紫外線吸收光譜結果,證明在苯基3號位上具有碳氧共軛雙鍵的取代基,能加強提升短波長吸收,提升分子內氫鍵強度可有效提升長波長吸收,在苯基5號位上不同碳鏈長度對於紫外線吸收效果也會有不同。本實驗也開發出新的液體紫外線吸收劑(36)與(37)。接著我們利用開發出的新型紫外線吸收劑2-(2’-羥基-3’-乙醯苯-5’-甲基苯基)苯並三唑(3)溶於不同溶劑中測其紫外線吸收光譜的改變,來解釋不同溶劑對於紫外線吸收劑的影響。選擇化合物(40)加入熱可塑性聚胺基塑膠體中,發現此新型紫外線吸收劑對於UV-A與UV-C有抵抗紫外線的保護效果。
英文摘要 In the present, we used 2-(2’-hydroxy-5’-methylphenyl) benzotriazole, 2-(2’-hydroxy-5’-tertbutylphenyl)benzotriazole, and 2-(2’-hydroxy-5’-tertoctylphenyl) benzotriazole as starting material, respectively, to synthesis various derivatives. Each of the derivatives was dissolved in chloroform, respectively, to measure UV absorption. Spectroscopic measuremenrs of UV absorption in solution state and theoretical calculations with density functional theory (DFT) method were employed to characterize these UV absorbers.
According to the results of UV absorption, it was found compounds with eletron-withdrawing group in ortho position related to the 2-hydroxyl group, could promote the strength of intramolecular hydrogen bonding. Moreover, compound which has CO double bond groups at this position also can strengthen the conjugation system and promote the intensity of UV absorption in UV-B and UV-C. This experiment also developed the new liquid ultraviolet absorbers theoretically and using calculations density functional theory (DFT) methods to verify and explain the experimental results. Various solevents was emplyer to measure the UV absorption to study the influence of solvent property to the absorption. Compound (40) was add to Thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) to test the protection ability of UV absorbers, and the results showed that it has great protection ability for UV radiation.
論文目次 Abstract................I
Acknowedgement..............VII
Contents VIII
Chapter 1. Introduction...........1
1-1 Ozone layer...............1
1-2 Ultraviolet light.............2
1-3 Consequences of ozone layer depletion.....3
1-4 UV Absorber...............5
Chapter 2. Theory and Literature Review.......7
2-1 Benzotriazole UV absorber.........7
2-2 The different functions of study........8
2-2-1 Macromolecular............8
2-2-2 Multifunctional.............9
2-3 Principle of UV Absorber.........10
2-4 The principle of UV-VIS absorption spectrum....11
2-5 Theoretical calculation..........14
2-5-1 ab initio method ............14
2-5-2 Semi-empiriical method ........15
2-5-3 Molecular mechanics, MM .......16
2-5-4 HF (Hatree-Fock) Theory .......17
2-6 Quantum Chemistry ...........19
2-6-1 Density Function Theory, DFT ......19
2-6-2 B3LYP Theory...........21
2-6-3 Basis set ...........22
2-6-4 Nature Bond Orbital, NBO ......24
2-7 Research propose.............25
Chapter 3. Experimental Section........27
3-1 Instrumentation............27
3-2 Materials..............28
3-3 Synthesis..............31
Chapter 4. Results and discussion........68
Chapter 5. Solvent effect...........100
Chapter 6.The application of UV absorber......105
Chapter 7. Conclusions............111
Chapter 8. X-ray structure determination......114
Reference...............123
Appendix................127
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