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系統識別號 U0026-1208202011424600
論文名稱(中文) 領導者的謙遜與團隊創造力:中介與調節效果的測試
論文名稱(英文) Leader Humility and Team Creativity: Testing Mediating and Moderating Effects
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 國際企業研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of International Business
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生(中文) 楊雅琪
研究生(英文) Yea-Chyi Jong
學號 R66077125
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 77頁
口試委員 指導教授-史習安
口試委員-劉玉雯
口試委員-翁慧卿
口試委員-郭亞慧
口試委員-Ely Susanto
中文關鍵字 領導者謙遜  團隊謙虛  團隊知識共享  團隊积极的活力  團隊創造能力  團隊增量信念 
英文關鍵字 Leader humility  Team humility  Team knowledge sharing  Team positive energizing  Team creativity  Team’s incremental belief 
學科別分類
中文摘要 謙虛被認爲是崇高的美德。這項研究主要是研究謙卑的行爲對於在工作場所的影響,並且從而找出謙卑是如何,以及何時對工作成果產生正面的影響。這項研究使用行為感染理論(behavioral contagion theory),提出了兩種不同的路徑來解釋謙卑的領導者對團隊創造力的影響。領導者將的謙卑傳遞給組織成員,從而形成團隊的謙卑,並增強團隊的知識共享以及積極的活力,這將增加團隊的整體創造力。
這項研究結果來自馬來西亞兩家公司5個分支機構分公司的118個團隊所收集的數據。根據研究結果表明,領導者的謙卑與團隊的謙卑成正相關。團隊成員的謙卑與團隊成員知識共享和團隊成員的積極活力息息相關。我們的結果還證實,團隊知識共享和團隊積極進取都可以預測團隊的創造力。此外,我們也證明了團隊成員增量信念(team incremental belief)將增強領導者謙卑對團隊謙卑的傳遞作用。另外, 我們也得到支持性證據,證明了團隊增量信念對團隊謙卑和團隊創造力的系列間接影響的系列調節作用。這篇文章的最後也討論了理論貢獻,局限性和未來的研究方向。
英文摘要 Humility is generally highly considered as a desired virtue. This study is set to study the effect of humility in the workplace and thus find out how, why and when humility will positively affect job outcome. This study based on behavioral contagion theory and propose two different paths that explain the effect of leader humility on team creativity. Leader’s humility will transmit to members to develop team humility, then enhance team’s knowledge sharing as well as positive energizing, which will increase the overall team creativity.
The results are based on data from 118 teams from 5 branches in Malaysia. The result indicates that leader humility is positively related to team humility. While team humility is positively associated with team knowledge sharing and team positive energizing. Our result also reconfirms that both team knowledge sharing and team positive energizing predict team creativity. Furthermore, we also found that team incremental belief will enhance the transmit effect of leader humility to team humility. In addition, supportive evidence was found for the serial mediated moderating effect of team incremental belief on the serial indirect effect of team humility and team creativity. Theoretical contributions, limitations and future research directions are discussed as well.
論文目次 ABSTRACT ...............................................................................................................III
中文摘要 .....................................................................................................................IV
TABLE OF CONTENTS..........................................................................................VI
LIST OF FIGURES...................................................................................................IX
LIST OF TABLES...................................................................................................... X
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION......................................................................... 1
1.1 Research Background and Motivation .............................................................1
1.2 Research Questions....................................................................................8
1.3 Research Structure .....................................................................................8
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW.......................................................... 10
2.1 Leader Humility .............................................................................................10
2.2 Leader Humility and Team collective humility..............................................13
2.3 Team knowledge sharing................................................................................15
2.3.1 Team collective humility and team knowledge sharing........................17
2.3.2 Team knowledge sharing and team creativity.......................................18
2.4 Team positive energizing................................................................................20
2.4.1 Team humility and team positive energizing ........................................21
2.4.2 Team positive energizing and team creativity.......................................22
2.4.3 The indirect effect of leader humility on team creativity......................23
2.5 Team Incremental belief and its moderation effect ........................................24
2.6 Integrated Model ............................................................................................26
CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY ............... 28
3.1 Research Framework......................................................................................28
3.3 Measurement and Questionnaire Design .......................................................30
3.3.1 Leader Humility....................................................................................30
3.3.2 Team Humility ......................................................................................31
3.3.3 Team knowledge sharing ......................................................................32
3.3.4 Team Incremental Belief.......................................................................32
3.3.5 Team positive energizing ......................................................................33
3.3.6 Team Creativity.....................................................................................33
3.3.7 Control Variables ..................................................................................34
3.4 Data Analysis Methods ..................................................................................34
3.4.1 Descriptive Statistics Analysis..............................................................35
3.4.2 Reliability Analysis...............................................................................35
3.4.3 Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and Validity ...............................35
3.4.4 Pearson Correlation Coefficient............................................................36
3.4.5 Common Method Variance (CMV) and Non-response Bias ................36
3.4.6 Hierarchical Multiple Regression Analysis ..........................................36
3.4.7 Bootstrapping analysis..........................................................................37
3.5 Procedure........................................................................................................37
CHAPTER FOUR RESEARCH RESULTS........................................................... 38
4.1 Descriptive Analysis.......................................................................................38
4.2 Reliability Analysis ........................................................................................41
4.2.1 Leader Humility....................................................................................41
4.2.2 Team humility .......................................................................................42
4.2.3 Team Knowledge Sharing.....................................................................42
4.2.4 Positive Energizing ...............................................................................43
4.2.5 Incremental Belief.................................................................................43
4.2.6 Team creativity......................................................................................43
4.3 Confirmatory Factor Analysis, CFA...............................................................44
4.3.1 Leader Humility....................................................................................45
4.3.2 Team Humility ......................................................................................46
4.3.3 Team Knowledge Sharing.....................................................................46
4.3.4 Positive energizing................................................................................47
4.3.5 Incremental belief .................................................................................48
4.3.6 Team Creativity.....................................................................................48
4.3.7 CFA 2 ....................................................................................................49
4.4 Common Method Variance, CMV .................................................................49
4.5 T-test...............................................................................................................50
4.6 ICC and Rwg test ...........................................................................................50
4.7 Pearson Correlation........................................................................................51
4.8 Hypotheses Testing ........................................................................................53
4.8.1 Regression Analysis..............................................................................54
4.8.2 Serial mediation and moderation effects...............................................56
4.8.3 Serial Mediated Moderation Effect.......................................................58
CHAPTER FIVE CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION........................................ 60
5.3 Practical Implications.....................................................................................64
5.4 Limitations and Future Research ...................................................................65
REFERENCES .......................................................................................................... 67
APPENDIX ................................................................................................................ 73
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