||Energy, Environmental, and Economic (3E) Analysis and Assessment of Renewable Jet Fuel Production through Hydro-Conversion
||International Master Degree Program on Energy Engineering
Hydro-processed Renewable Jet
Used Cooking Oil
Supply chain analysis
The application of renewable jet fuel is an eco-friendly technique that can reduce greenhouse gas emissions. To make hydro-processed renewable jet fuel (HJR) be competitive with petrochemical aviation fuel, it is necessary to improve their energy utilization and reduce their energy dissipation. This can reduce the energy cost for a commercial plant of hydro-processes renewable jet fuel. In this study, an exergy and a pinch analyses are performed to demonstrate the actual recycling heat flow and optimize heat integration, and optimize heat integration. The results show that the system can attain 86.29% efficiency saving. In addition, an economic analysis is conducted to evaluate the investment feasibility, which is considered by an uncertainty analysis. The results show that if the main product (HRJ) is the target revenue, it can be sold at $ 0.49~0.63 per liter. For plant capacities over 300 tons a profit probability of 57.43~72.41% is estimated. Finally, the carbon emission is calculated for the HRJ supply chain and compared to UCO direct incineration, which was 17.88 tons less than it. Although alternative fuel products are not widely available on the market, the analysis of this study guides the reader through comprehensive energy optimization as well as economic and environmental assessment, which pave the way for a more competitive HRJ production.
List of Tables vi
List of Figures vii
Chapter I 1
Chapter II 7
2.1. Process simulation 7
2.2. Energy and exergy analysis 10
2.2.1. Balance equations 10
2.2.2. Pinch analysis and heat exchanger net target 13
2.3. Economic analysis 15
2.3.1. Operating expenditure 15
2.3.2. Total capital expenditure 16
2.3.3. Price of products and revenues 17
2.3.4. Uncertainty analysis and sensitivity analysis in the supply chain 18
2.4. Environmental analysis 18
Chapter III 22
Result and discussion 22
3.1. Energy and exergy analysis 22
3.2. Pinch analysis and heat exchanger net design 25
3.3. Economic analysis 29
3.3.1. Deterministic economic analysis 29
3.3.2. Uncertainty analysis and sensitivity analysis 32
3.3.3. Minimum jet fuel selling price 36
3.4. Environmental analysis 36
Chapter IV 42
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