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系統識別號 U0026-1208201606555100
論文名稱(中文) 傳統粒料及轉爐石應用於瀝青混凝土之績效評估
論文名稱(英文) Performance Evaluation of Traditional Aggregate and Basic Oxygen Furnace Slag Applied to Asphalt Concrete
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 土木工程學系碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Civil Engineering (on the job class)
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 張嬿糧
研究生(英文) Yen-Liang Chang
學號 N67031153
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 142頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳建旭
口試委員-夏明勝
口試委員-廖敏志
口試委員-林彥宇
口試委員-陳偉全
中文關鍵字 多孔性瀝青混凝土  石膠泥瀝青混凝土  改質轉爐石  肇事嚴重度當量 
英文關鍵字 Porous Asphalt Concrete(PAC)  Stone Mosts Asphalt (SMA),  Basic Oxygen Furnace slag(BOF)  Equivalent Property Damage Only (EPDO) 
學科別分類
中文摘要 群居聚落多依賴交通網絡而生,用路人意識抬頭,對於路面平坦度和噪音要求趨於嚴苛,且面臨全球氣候變遷,溫度增加和雨量增強趨勢,公路鋪面需提升行車安全,採用更安全和更安靜之鋪面實有必要性,多孔性瀝青混凝土(Porous Asphalt Concrete, PAC)及石膠泥瀝青混凝土(Stone Mosts Asphalt, SMA)路面乃是值得考量選項。
傳統粒料乃是使用天然粒料,但天然資源逐漸缺乏中。另因應全球能源短缺,配合國家永續發展,使用鋼鐵廠轉爐煉鋼高溫製程產生的副產品-轉爐石(Basic Oxygen Furnace Slag, BOF),為降低BOF之回脹性,透過和瀝青包裹後的添加改質劑,以降低轉爐石活性。
試驗結果顯示PAC因其多孔性,透水性及減噪效果佳,有效提昇行車抗滑能力,且雨天肇事嚴重度當量(EPDO)明顯降低,適合鋪設於高速公路上。同時SMA具有延長鋪面耐久性和抵抗荷重之功能,於重車較多路段使用SMA為值得考量選項。
另外改質轉爐石與天然粒料鋪面對PAC功能性並無明顯之差異,且依現況顯示改質轉爐石可有效降低粒料崩解跳料情形,增加其耐久性,惟仍需長期觀察後續績效。
英文摘要 Due to the global climate change in the increasing temperature and rainfall, traffic-safety improvement on pavement by using safer and less-noise making material is necessary. Porous Asphalt Concrete, PAC and Stone Mosts Asphalt, SMA are worth considering option for the pavement. Traditional aggregates are made from nature material which is however become fewer and fewer. In the response to the global energy shortage and to the sustainable national development, by-product, Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF) of converter steel production process under high temperature in steel plant is used.
The now detect experiment results showed that PAC by its porosity has great water permeability and noise reduction ability, and is able to significant reduce Equivalent Property Damage Only (EPDO), indicating that PAC is suitable pavement for highway. Whereas, SMA with the ability to extend the pavement durability.
However, a long-term observation on follow-up performance is required.
論文目次 摘要………………………………………………..……………………. I
英文延伸摘要………………………..…………………………………. II
致謝………………………………………………..………………...…. V
目錄…………………………………………..…..……………………. VI
圖目錄…..…………………………………………………….……….. XI
表目錄………..………………………………….…..…………...…..XVI
第一章 緒論………………………………………………………..…1-1
1.1 前言………………..………………………………………1-1
1.2 研究動機……………………………………..……………1-2
1.3 研究目的………………………………………..…………1-3
1.4 工作範圍與內容…………………………………..………1-3
1.4.1 工作範圍………………………..………....………1-3
1.4.2 工作內容……………………………….…………..1-5
第二章 文獻回顧……………………………..………………………2-1
2.1 多孔隙瀝青混凝土…………………….………………….2-1
2.1.1 PAC材料…………….…………….………….……2-1
2.1.2功能性-透水能力………………………….….…….2-3
2.1.3功能性-減噪效果…………………….…….….……2-3
2.1.4 耐久性…………………………………….….…….2-4
2.1.5 安全性…………………………………….….…….2-4
2.1.6 雨天行車影響評估….………………….………….2-5
2.2 石膠泥瀝青混凝土………………..……….…..….…..…..2-7
2.2.1 SMA材料…………………………..….….…..……2-8
2.2.2 耐久性-抗車轍……………………......…….…..…2-9
2.2.3 安全性-抗滑性……………….……………….….2-10
2.2.4 SMA的應用情況………….…………..……..…2-11
2.3 轉爐石…………………………………...……………….2-12
2.3.1轉爐石製程………………………………………..2-12
2.3.2 轉爐石粒料性質與安定化……………………….2-14
2.3.3 轉爐石環境特性與應用於鋪面情況…………….2-17
第三章 研究計畫…………………………………………..….…….3-1
3.1 研究架構與流程………………………..…………..….….3-2
3.2 研究位置…………………………………….…………….3-3
3.2.1 國道3號大甲段-PAC路面……………………..…3-3
3.2.2 國道3號南投段-PAC路面…………………..……3-6
3.2.3 國道3號南投段-SMA路面………………………3-13
3.2.4 國道6號-PAC路面………………………………3-17
3.2.5 國道1號-改質轉爐石PAC…………………… 3-18
3.3 績效評估……………..……………………….……….…3-20
3.3.1 功能性評估—透水量試驗…………..…….……..3-20
3.3.2 功能性評估—噪音量試驗………..…..….………3-21
3.3.3 耐久性評估—車轍量試驗…………….…..…..…3-22
3.3.4耐久性評估-Clegg衝擊值………………..…...…3-23
3.3.5 耐久性評估—平坦度試驗……………………….3-24
3.3.6 安全性評估—摩擦試驗…………………..…......3-26
3.3.7 鑽心試體-回彈模數試驗………………....….......3-28
3.3.8 鑽心試體-間接張力試驗… ….…….…....…...….3-29
3.3.9 肇事嚴重度當量指標… ……….…….……....….3-29
第四章 結果與討論………………………..……….………..….……4-1
4.1 材料與配比…………………………….…………..…..….4-1
4.1.1 大甲段PAC基本物性……….......……….…...….4-2
4.1.2 南投段PAC基本物性...………….………..…..….4-4
4.1.3 南投段SMA基本物性…………….……...……….4-9
4.1.4 岡山段BOF-PAC基本物性……………………..4-12
4.2 國道3號大甲段-PAC 路段…......……….……….........4-13
4.2.1 鋪築前後現地鋪面情況.....……….…..……...….4-14
4.2.2 功能性-透水性.………………..….……..…....….4-15
4.2.3功能性-噪音量…………..……….…...……...…...4-16
4.2.4 耐久性-車轍量………..…….………...…..…......4-17
4.2.5 耐久性–平坦度.……..…...………………….......4-19
4.2.6 安全性-抗滑值…...…………..………..………....4-20
4.3 國道3號南投段-PAC路段…………..…....……..........4-21
4.3.1 鋪築前後現地鋪面情況…...…..……….….........4-21
4.3.2 功能性-透水性……………….……...……..........4-23
4.3.3 功能性-噪音量…………..…………...….…….....4-26
4.3.4 耐久性-車轍量…………...……....…….…..........4-29
4.3.5 耐久性–平坦度…….…………....………............4-31
4.3.6 安全性-抗滑度…………..……...…….....…........4-34
4.4 國道3號南投段-SMA路段……...........……….…........4-37
4.4.1 鋪築前後現地鋪面情況.........…........................4-37
4.4.2 耐久性-車轍量.....……………………................4-38
4.4.3 耐久性評估-Clegg衝擊值….............................4-40
4.4.4 耐久性 –平坦度…………………..…….............4-41
4.4.5 安全性-抗滑度………………….…....................4-42
4.4.6 回彈模數(Mr)……….….....................................4-43
4.4.7間接張力強度…….............................................4-44
4.5 國道1號岡山段-改質轉爐石PAC路段…....……….….4-46
4.5.1 鋪面情況……...................................................4-46
4.5.2 功能性-透水性 ................................................4-48
4.5.3 功能性-噪音量..................................................4-49
4.5.4 耐久性-車轍量..................................................4-50
4.5.5 耐久性-平坦量..................................................4-51
4.5.6 耐久性-CIV值..................................................4-52
4.5.7 安全性-抗滑值..................................................4-53
4.6 多孔性瀝青混凝土之雨天行車影響分析......................4-55
4.6.1國道3號大甲段.................................................4-55
4.6.2國道3號南投段.................................................4-56
4.6.3國道高速公路102年度事故分析........................4-58
第五章 結論與建議…………………………………………………..5.1
5.1 結論…………………………………………………….…..5.1
5.2 建議………………………………………………………..5-3
參考文獻…………………………………………………………..…參-1
附錄………………………………………………………………..…附-1
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