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系統識別號 U0026-1208201516224700
論文名稱(中文) 資通訊科技應用服務對親子關係之影響-以南部某大學為例
論文名稱(英文) The Influence of Information and Communication Technology on Parent-child Relationship-A Case Study of the University in Southern Taiwan
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 電信管理研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Telecommunications and Management
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 蔡旻軒
研究生(英文) Min-Hsuan Tsai
學號 R96021065
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 142頁
口試委員 指導教授-魏健宏
口試委員-蔡東峻
口試委員-陳宥欽
中文關鍵字 親子關係  資通訊科技  行動即時通訊軟體  親密感 
英文關鍵字 Parent-child Relationship  ICT  Mobile Instant Messaging  Intimacy 
學科別分類
中文摘要 隨著資通訊科技日新月異,網際網路日漸成為重要的傳播媒介,有越來越多人在網路上發展以及維持社交人際關係,尤為年輕人,更視網際網路為不可或缺的溝通管道,而資通訊科技的發展與成熟如電腦、智慧型手機、平板,更創新了人類生活樣貌,並直接挑戰傳統面對面的人際互動模式。
在這樣的時空背景下,人們用「滑世代」的名詞來形容這波數位浪潮,在這個世代裡,輕輕ㄧ滑便可連接全世界與每一個人,更把世界和改變一併放入口袋。近幾年來,許多研究不僅思考這樣的現象如何影響著社群人際間的互動關係,更將範疇延伸至親子間的互動,而在過去,這方面的研究對象多集中於年幼的子女與父母,較少觸及成年子女與其父母的互動關係。
對於成年子女與其父母來說,正向溝通與親密感之維持無疑是促使良好親子關係的不二法門,隨著孩子跨越青春期至離家上了大學,與家庭相處的時間越來越少;另一方面,父母為了提供孩子更好的生活環境,職場與家庭兩頭燒,與孩子相處的時間減少而造成親子間的疏離。如何打破親子間外在環境的分離與內在心裡的距離,來維持雙方的親密感,進而讓親子關係保持良好的狀態。行動即時通訊軟體具備「行動」、「無縫式互動之特性」,實能彌補這樣的缺口。
本研究調查415位大學、研究生發現,資通訊科技應用服務的使用- 行動即時通訊軟體,確實對親子之間造成影響。證明親子在行動即時通訊軟體上的感知使用程度能產生正向的親密感,而此份親密感確實能提升親子之間的關係,研究結果驗證資通訊科技應用服務的使用能提供親子間另一個溝通互動管道,有助於親子間的關係維持與情感互動。
英文摘要 With the steep increase and advancement of ICTs, Internet becomes an important media, lots people develop and maintain social interpersonal relationships on the Internet, especially the young. They think the Internet is an indispensable communication channels. Along with this phenomenal growth, the internet has brought with numerous social interaction tools, such as computers, smart phones, tablets, which change our everyday life, and directly challenge the pattern of traditional face-to-face interaction.
In this background, people use “slide generation” to describe the wave of digitization. Recently, many research investigate how this phenomenon affects interpersonal interaction, and extend to the scope of relationships between parents and children. However, the literature focus on young children, with few studies examining the interaction between young adult children and their parents.
Moreover, for young adult children and their parents, communication and intimacy undoubtedly is the key to maintain good parent-child relationship. When children go to college, they have less time to be with family; On the other hand, working hard to support their family, parents also have little time to accompany their children. This may result alienation. The features of mobile instant messaging with the “anytime, anywhere”, “seamless interactivity” can really make up this emotional distance.
Therefore, this study aim to focus on how ICT influence parent-child relationship by examining the use of mobile instant messaging among young adult children and their parents and the online intimacy. Additionally, We prove the use of ICTs can provide another communication channel between parents and children which help them to maintain relationship.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的與範圍 5
1.3研究流程與論文架構 5
第二章 文獻回顧 7
2.1 即時通訊 7
2.1.1 即時通訊定義 7
2.1.2 行動即時通訊軟體發展現況 8
2.1.3 行動即時通訊軟體功能與特性之研究 10
2.1.4 親子間使用行動即時通訊軟體之動機 13
2.2 親子關係 15
2.2.1 親子關係之定義 15
2.2.2 親子關係之意涵與理論 16
2.2.3 親子關係之研究 19
2.3 親密感 21
2.3.1 親密感之定義與意涵 21
2.3.2 親密感之研究 22
2.4 行動即時通訊軟體使用行為、親子關係與親密感的關聯性 24
2.4.1 電腦中介傳播理論 24
2.4.2 行動即時通訊軟體使用行為與親子關係 25
2.4.3 行動即時通訊軟體使用行為與親密感 26
2.4.4 親密感與親子關係 27
第三章 研究架構與研究設計 28
3.1 研究架構與假設 28
3.2 研究設計 29
3.2.1 問卷設計 30
3.2.2 抽樣原則與決定樣本數 35
3.3 分析方法 38
3.3.1 敘述性統計分析 38
3.3.2 信度與效度分析 38
3.3.3 變異數分析 39
3.3.4 驗證性因素分析 40
3.3.5 結構方程模式 40
3.3.6 中介效果 41
3.3.7 調節效果 42
第四章 實證分析與結果 45
4.1 問卷前測分析 45
4.2 樣本結構與基本資料 46
4.2.1 問卷回收統計 46
4.2.2 基本資料敘述性統計 47
4.2.3 各構面敘述性統計 52
4.3問卷信度分析 57
4.4 探討親子間使用特徵 62
4.4.1 同學性別 62
4.4.2 同學年齡 64
4.4.3 使用程度 68
4.4.4 父母年齡 71
4.4.5 使用對象 74
4.4.6 使用經驗 76
4.3.7 小結 78
4.5 結構方程模型內外在適配檢驗 80
4.5.1 驗證性因素分析之適配度 81
4.5.2 收斂效度 89
4.5.3 區別效度 90
4.6 結構方程模式路徑分析 91
4.6.1 結構方程模式建立 91
4.6.2 結構方程模式之適配指標 91
4.6.3 小結 94
4.7 中介效果驗證 95
4.7.1 中介效果驗證 95
4.7.2 小結 99
4.8 提升親子間使用資通訊科技應用服務之效益 100
4.8.1 多群組比較 101
4.8.2 交互作用項迴歸分析 104
4.8.3 小結 109
第五章 結論與建議 111
5.1 研究結論 111
5.2 管理意涵 114
5.2 研究限制與建議 116
參考文獻 118
附錄一 調查問卷工作計畫書 132
附錄二 正式問卷 136
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