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系統識別號 U0026-1208201311415600
論文名稱(中文) 高齡者對LED動態顯示器的識認性人因研究與開發
論文名稱(英文) An Ergonomics Research and Developing on Senior Citizens' Identification toward Dynamic LED Display
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工業設計學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial Design
學年度 101
學期 2
出版年 102
研究生(中文) 呂哲宇
研究生(英文) Che-Yu Lu
學號 P36001061
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 63頁
口試委員 指導教授-賴新喜
口試委員-陳建旭
口試委員-謝志成
中文關鍵字 LED動態顯示器  高齡者  人因實驗 
英文關鍵字 dynamic LED display  elderly  ergonomic experiment 
學科別分類
中文摘要 隨著高齡化社會的來臨,高齡人口急速上升,這些高齡者由於視覺能力與認知機能的衰退,影響了使用產品的效率。然而,充斥在生活周遭的LED動態顯示器卻屢見以花俏、高科技的呈現效果吸引使用者的目光,以致於高齡者在重要資訊搜尋與辨識上產生許多困擾。顯見,設計師應了解高齡者身心上的需求,並遵循通用設計原則,才能設計出高齡者適用之LED動態顯示器,提升產品效益值。因此以人因工程方法進行LED動態顯示器的改善與設計有其必要性,並期待透過兩年計畫能透過人因調查及實驗彙整出高齡者需求資料,並建構出人因決策評價系統與開發模式,最終提出示範設計。
本計畫主要在建立完整的高齡者對LED動態顯示器人因需求資料,分為兩個子計劃:子計劃1.各場所之高齡者對LED動態顯示器的識認性人因調查。子計劃2.高齡者對動態顯示器的識認實驗。而研究發現,字體色彩方面,顯示的色彩以「不需要多個燈泡組合顯示」的色彩為佳,例如紅、綠、藍;而速度以195wpm(每分鐘出現字數)為建議速度,跑動方式以跑馬燈式為佳;而高齡者對於藍色與綠色的色彩敏感度較低,因此若要使用「重點提示」等功能,應避免此種顏色的組合。希望透過這次研究有效改善LED動態顯示器的人因問題,發展出適合高齡者使用之產品,進而提供LED動態顯示器產業一個新的開發設計依循方向。
英文摘要 As the society aging, the elderly population has risen sharply. Since these elders’ visual abilities and cognitive function have degrading, it affects the efficiency for them to use products. However, in these days, the LED dynamic displays around us are often featured in fancy and high-tech to attract users’ attention. For senior citizens, they have a number of difficulties in searching and identifying important information.
The purpose of the study was to set the design principles and built the evaluating system of the dynamic LED display for the elderly. A questionnaire investigation was adopted to collect the preferences and reaction of current dynamic LED display from the elderly, in the second part of the study, an experiment was adopted to quantified the relationship between correct-reading ratio and color/speed cross comparison. The results revealed that the LED font color which required multiple bulbs to display should be avoided, the appropriate speed is around 195wpm (words per minute), and the best performed motion of the text is marquee movement. This study finding may serve as a guide for further research on dynamic LED display for elders.
論文目次 TABLE OF CONTENTS
摘要 ii
SUMMARY iii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iv
TABLE OF CONTENTS v
LIST OF TABLES vii
LIST OF FIGURES viii
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 General Background Information 1
1.2 Purpose of Research 3
1.3 Research Framework 4
1.4 Limitation of the study 5
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 7
2.1 Elderly 7
2.1.1 The change of the visual ability 7
2.1.2 Attention change of elderly. 8
2.1.3 Memory change of elderly 10
2.2 LED displays 11
2.2.1 Different dynamic LED displays 11
2.2.2 LED light composition 16
CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHOD 19
3.1 Project 1. Investigations of elders’ identification of dynamic LED displays. 20
3.1.1 Research method and steps 20
3.2 Project 2. Identification experiment for elderly of the dynamic LED displays. 21
3.2.1 Research method and steps 21
CHAPTER 4 THE RESULTS 30
4.1 Questionnaire Investigation 30
4.2 Results of the questionnaire 30
4.3 Experiment with dynamic LED display 36
CHAPTER 5 DISCUSSION 48
CHAPTER 6 CONCLUSION 50
6.1 Contributions 51
6.2 Suggestions 52
REFRERNCE 54
Appendix A Questionnaire 60
Appendix B Authorization form 62
訪談說明 62
研究資料授權書 63
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