According to the population data of the Ministry of the Interior, Taiwan has become an aging society, and with the population of both senior citizens and disabled people increasing year by year, the government should have a careful review of the policy on barrier-free-environment and review the related laws to improve the facilities for the disabled people, and incentive should be provided for the newly constructed building in which universal design is adopted, and which is to be implemented when the related laws are completed so that the senior citizens and the disabled people could enjoy the general human right, and implement the People with Disabilities Rights Protection Act to improve the gross national happiness of our people.
On May 20, 2012, the Council for Cultural Affairs, Executive Yuan was promoted to the Ministry of Culture, indicating undoubtedly the government’s resolution to promote arts and culture; while importance has been attached to rights of the disabled people, and the facilities for the disabled people have been reviewed and promoted to improve the willingness of the disabled people to participate in the arts and culture which become accessible for the disabled. This study, taking 7 cases of city arts and culture centers in Tainan and Kaohsiung as examples, with surveys given on the provision of facilities for the disabled, research made on how to establish complete facilities for the disabled by reviewing the literatures, and in association with survey and statistical analysis, giving proposal on how to make improvement for the surveyed cases, and presenting the constructed report sheets for reference by the related organizations to realize the purpose of this study.
A survey indicated that the overall compliance rates of facilities for the disabled people in Tainan and Kaohsiung was about 76.16%, with individual rate of facilities compliance as 84.60% for “outdoor guide passage”, 76.93% for “outdoor ramps and handrails”, 80.14% for “outdoor stairs”, 99.11% for “indoor entrance and exit”, 98.40% for “indoor corridor” ,64.54% for “indoor ramps and handrails”, 79.04% for “indoor stairs”, 80.32% for “elevating equipment”, 79.92% for “service counter”, 71.02% for “bathrooms and lavatories”, 90.34% for “wheelchair auditorium”, and 65.35% for “barrier-free parking lot”. The overall compliance rate was not low, however, some of the individual items were lower and review is required for improvement. In Tainan and Kaohsiung, Hsinying Cultural Center, Tainan, had the highest compliance rate as 84.40%.
In all of the surveyed cases, the compliance rate of guide signs in most areas were lower, and the design sizes of barrier-free parking lots failed to comply with the existing laws, which could be fully reviewed for improvement as there is less difficulty in improvement; a perfect space of lavatories is an essential respect to the disabled people. It is found in the survey that there were still some cases of wrong style of armrest or insufficient side space in barrier-free lavatories that made the disabled people unable to use the toilet, which should be fully reviewed for improvement; it is suggested to have separate establishment for space of barrier-free lavatories, with urinal established in general lavatories to avoid influence on the disabled people; in some arts and culture center, the too steep ramps could not be used independently and might cause risk, which should be reviewed immediately for improvement.