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系統識別號 U0026-1205201921035800
論文名稱(中文) 氣候變遷觀點下鄉村地區韌性特性與在地調適經驗之初探-以嘉義縣為例
論文名稱(英文) Preliminary Study on the Resilience Characteristics of Rural Areas and the Experience of Local Adjustment under the Perspective of Climate Change - A Case Study of Chiayi County
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 都市計劃學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Urban Planning
學年度 107
學期 2
出版年 108
研究生(中文) 鄭鴻文
研究生(英文) Hung-Wen Cheng
電子信箱 edward8464@gmail.com
學號 P26064033
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 149頁
口試委員 指導教授-張學聖
口試委員-鄒克萬
口試委員-洪鴻智
口試委員-鄭皓騰
中文關鍵字 氣候變遷  韌性鄉村  鄉村類型  在地調適  傳統知識 
英文關鍵字 Climate change  Resilient rural areas  Rural types  Local adaptation  Traditional knowledge 
學科別分類
中文摘要 近年來全球環境急遽變遷連帶氣候條件亦隨之改變,間接導致全球各地持續遭受自然災害之衝擊,且災害發生之頻率與強度亦日漸增加,使得韌性概念欲趨受致重視,如框架、指標與評估方法之制定,然此重視僅著眼於如何增強都市層面之適應力,常忽略鄉村地區於面臨同樣風險時亦須具備韌性能力。直至近年,鄉村地區之韌性衡量乃逐漸受到重視,然倘若將鄉村地區視為一主體進行韌性評估是否真正適切,此尚待釐清;且如同韌性概念一般,如何界定鄉村地區及其方法亦眾說紛紜,因此,本研究認為相較於都市地區,鄉村地區並非僅為單一屬性之群組,而是由各具特色地區之集合體,甚至存有異於都市之特性,進而提出韌性鄉村之概念,換言之,本研究藉由了解鄉村地區具備之特性後,進一步探究其所擁有之韌性特性。
本研究以嘉義縣作為研究地區,原因在於其擁有相對多數之鄉村地區且地形多樣化,包含沿海、平原及山地,間接使得災害來臨時其將遭受不同類型之災害風險;於此同時,有別於以往研究多以鄉鎮界作為研究單元,本研究於此將以非都市土地之鄉村區作為分析單元,以此能得出更符合現況及因地制宜之成果。再者,近年來如何應用傳統知識與在地經驗作為氣候變遷之調適策略,即如何運用前人傳承之知識來因應災害之發生,以此達到人與自然共生之目標,亦受到許多關注與討論,由於政府常運用之結構性減災策略,並未能有效減緩日益嚴重之氣候變遷影響。是故,本研究認為傳統知識與在地調適經驗於減緩氣候變遷中亦佔有重要角色,且於鄉村地區中在地知識之運用應更甚於都市地區,因而衍生出此概念與韌性之結合。
於因應氣候變遷的同時,如何達到韌性鄉村便是本研究主要核心所在。於此,本研究分為兩部分進行,首先藉由挑選文獻中針對韌性評估與界定鄉村地區之相關指標,並於挑選適當指標與初探韌性鄉村指標之適用性後,運用主成份分析與集群分析方法,將鄉村地區依其特性分為四種類型;其次,挑選一處韌性程度相對較低且鄉村特性較高之鄉村地區進行深度訪談,其中含括韌性程度之衡量,是否有在地知識之運用,以及該鄉村地區如何回應氣候變遷所衍生之災害等;最後,統整上述成果,本研究發現鄉村地區彼此間確實存有差異性,且傳統知識可能與增強鄉村地區之韌性能力具有一定程度之關聯,且在地調適經驗之內容與作法正是韌性鄉村有別於傳統都市韌性所探索內容之關鍵與特性所在。
英文摘要 The rapid changes in the global environment have led to continued disasters in various regions, making the concept of resilience more and more important. However, past studies have focused on how to enhance the adaptability of cities, while ignoring the need for resilience in rural areas in the face of disaster risks, and compared with urban areas, there are factors such as insufficient infrastructure in rural areas, which makes rural areas less resilient in the face of disasters. Until recently, the concept of rural resilience has gradually gained attention, meanwhile past studies have also pointed out that rural areas contain various types, such as rural or industrial and commercial attributes, and thus may have multiple characteristics in resilience; Furthermore, relevant research indicates that the application of traditional knowledge is also a strategy to respond to climate change, so this study will explore whether this knowledge is the core concept of rural resilience. Therefore, this study finds that there are indeed differences in resilience between different characteristic in rural areas. At the same time, this study also found that the experience of local and traditional knowledge is related to the resilience of rural areas, and its content and practices are the key factors and characteristics of rural resilience.
論文目次 目錄
摘要 I
致謝 VII
目錄 VIII

第一章、緒論 1
第一節、研究動機 1
第二節、研究目的 4
第三節、研究內容與流程 5
第四節、研究範圍 8

第二章、文獻回顧 9
第一節、氣候變遷下鄉村地區之挑戰與回應 9
第二節、鄉村地區具備之韌性與特性 16
第三節、傳統知識與在地經驗之意涵與運用 37

第三章、研究設計 45
第一節、議題研析 45
第二節、研究架構 49
第三節、韌性鄉村之分析方法 51
第四節、韌性鄉村之框架建構 57

第四章、韌性鄉村之特性分析 67
第一節、韌性鄉村指標之適用與篩選 67
第二節、韌性鄉村分類成果之分析 84

第五章、在地調適經驗之應用與實踐 103
第一節、個案基本介紹 104
第二節、傳統知識與在地經驗之探索 111
第三節、在地經驗與提升韌性之關聯 122

第六章、結論與建議 131
第一節、結論 131
第二節、後續建議 135

參考文獻 137

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