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系統識別號 U0026-1201202022322300
論文名稱(中文) 以生態系統服務觀點檢視國土功能分區劃設之研究─以嘉義縣為例
論文名稱(英文) A Study to Assess the Results of the Functional Zones for Spatial Planning Act from the Viewpoint of Ecosystem Services ─ A Case Study of Chiayi City, Taiwan
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 都市計劃學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Urban Planning
學年度 108
學期 1
出版年 109
研究生(中文) 林家名
研究生(英文) Chia-Ming Lin
學號 P26054151
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 96頁
口試委員 口試委員-葉佳宗
口試委員-胡太山
口試委員-趙子元
指導教授-張學聖
中文關鍵字 永續發展  生態系統服務簇  國土功能分區  管理政策 
英文關鍵字 sustainable development  ecosystem services bundle  Spatial Planning Act  management strategy 
學科別分類
中文摘要 人類活動仰賴生態系統所提供之服務,而土地利用與其經營管理方式亦會對生態系統服務造成影響與威脅。為回應台灣國土空間永續發展目標,將生態系統服務納入實質空間規劃策略上,本研究配合台灣國土計畫之發展背景,以嘉義縣為例,將該區域生態系統服務評估結果檢視該縣所劃定之國土功能分區劃設結果,並給予後續土地使用策略上之建議。
本研究應用 GIS 空間分析功能與生態系統服務 InVEST 模型,以 2018 年之土地利用調查圖及相關指標資料,評估嘉義縣 10 項生態系統服務,再以其中 8 項生態系統服務評估結果運用 SPSS 統計軟體,採二階段法進行集群分析,檢測生態系統服務的綑綁情形(協同或權衡作用),並得到 4 類生態系統服務簇 (Ecosystem services bundle, ESB):「休閒旅遊型」、「糧食供給型」、「林木資源保育型」及「生態保育型」。
研究結論與建議有以下三點:1) 嘉義縣的「糧食供給」及「授粉服務」為協同作用關係,但「糧食供給」與多數之調節服務(「水調節_年產水量」、「氣候調節_年碳儲存量」)為權衡作用關係。森林用地(自然生態地區)擁有多樣性之生態系統服務,及較高之調節服務,且該調節服務多為協同關係;2) 若要將生態系統服務納入治理決策,建議未來檢討國土功能分區變更時,可從生態系統服務之觀點,參考生態系統服務簇空間分佈情形,優先或限制該分區作為檢討變更之對象;3)有關土地使用管制是否過於嚴格,致生態系統服務過於單一或造成服務流通性較不佳之情形,或者該分區分類土地使用管制方式是否會對生態系統服務造成負面影響等情事,仍須持續評估觀察,或可納入社會經濟因子一併評估,方能得知或預測當地生態系統服務變動趨勢。
英文摘要 In order to achieve the sustainable development goal of Spatial Planning Act in Taiwan, and applying the ecosystem services concepts to Taiwan’s spatial development strategy. Here, we use Chiayi City as an example to assess the results of the functional zones for Spatial Planning Act from the viewpoint of ecosystem services (ES), then give suggestions on the future land use principles.
We synthesized spatial indicators of eight provisioning, regulating, supporting and cultural ES in Chiayi City and used the method of two-step cluster analysis to define and map ecosystem services bundle (ESBs). Finally, we used an overlap analysis to characterise the relationship between the spatial configuration of ESBs and the results of the Functional Zones, then give suggestions on the future land use principles. The conclusions are divided into three parts: 1) food production has synergistic relationships between pollination, but has trade-offs relationships in other regulating services. Forests has multiple ES and contribution to regulating services, there are mainly synergistic relationships among regulating services; 2) We suggested that the spatial distribution and patterns of ESBs in Chiayi City could be taken into consideration when changing the functional zone and sub-zone in the future; 3) Whether the land use principles will decline in other ecosystems services, we should continuous monitoring of ecosystem services in Chiayi City, and even analysis with socio-economic factors, to understand and predict trends in ecosystem service.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究流程與內容 3
第二章 文獻回顧 5
第一節 生態系統服務 5
第二節 生態系統服務評估 13
第三節 土地利用與生態系統服務 18
第三章 研究設計 34
第一節 研究範疇 34
第二節 研究設計架構說明 35
第三節 生態系統服務評估 37
第四章 研究結果與討論 70
第一節 生態系統服務空間分佈情形 70
第二節 生態系統服務簇之綑綁情形 74
第三節 生態系統服務簇與與土地類型之關聯 78
第四節 研究討論 82
第五章 結論與建議 87
第一節 研究結論與建議 87
第二節 後續研究與建議 88
參考文獻 90
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