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系統識別號 U0026-1201201719455900
論文名稱(中文) ZnSnO3/PVDF(PMMA)奈米複合材料之光觸媒及光電化學增益效應之研究
論文名稱(英文) Synergistic photocatalytic and photoelectrochemical performance of nanocomposites ZnSnO3/polymer (PVDF/PMMA)
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 材料科學及工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Materials Science and Engineering
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 林宏名
研究生(英文) Hung-Ming Lin
學號 N56034392
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 125頁
口試委員 指導教授-張高碩
口試委員-丁志明
口試委員-劉銓璞
口試委員-阮志正
中文關鍵字 ZnSnO3奈米線  奈米複合材料  兩階段水熱法  壓電性  光壓電性質  壓電光觸媒 
英文關鍵字 ZnSnO3 nanowires  nanocomposites  two-step hydrothermal synthesis  piezoelectricity  piezotronic effect  piezophototronic effect  piezophotocatalysis 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究中我們利用了簡單的兩階段水熱法製備了壓電材料ZnSnO3,並且利用旋轉塗佈的方式將高分子PMMA與PVDF鋪在ZnSnO3奈米線上,形成新穎的奈米複合物材料,並研究其性質增益效果。
此研究也利用了XRD做定性分析,其結果顯示成功合成壓電材料ZnSnO3,除此之外,SEM也證明ZnSnO3奈米線之合成,並也透過SEM了解高分子PMMA、PVDF及複合材料的表面形貌。另外我們也做了壓電分析,其結果顯示了奈米複合材料之顯著增益效果,也利用結果計算出Schottky能障之變化。為了證明其壓光電性質,我們也利用UV光的照射,試圖了解其增強效果,其結果證明此奈米複合材料有優越的增強效果。在壓電光觸媒實驗方面,我們也利用了奈米複合材料分解MB,並探討其分解效果。
最後在光電化學以及光電流轉化效率方面,我們也做了許多分析,並希望其未來應用於水裂解之應用。PMMA/ZTO之奈米複合材在光電化學結果顯示其優良的穩定性。而純ZnSnO3和PVDF/ZTO與PMMA/ZTO兩奈米複合材料之光電流轉化效率顯示其約15~20%之效能,其效率轉換趨勢亦符合我們的UV-VIS研究。
英文摘要 In this research, we propose a novel way of fabricating ZTO/polymer nanocomposites by simple two-step hydrothermal and spin coating method. This research emphasized on the synergistic properties of the ZTO/polymer nanocomposites.
XRD and SEM were used to characterize the ZTO nanocomosites. The results from the XRD confirmed the presence of ZTO. SEM analysis showed the morphologies of the ZTO nanowires, PMMA, and PVDF. And piezotronic analysis was conducted on PMMA/ZTO and PVDF/ZTO nanocomposites, exhibiting higher current density at -5V when the pressure was higher. The evolution of the Schottky barrier height was also calculated. Under UV light illumination, the output current density obtained were five and seven times higher for PMMA/ZTO and PVDF/ZTO, respectively. These confirmed the synergistic piezophototronic property of the material.
In a piezophotocatalytic experiment, the decomposition of methylene blue (MB) was also investigated. The ZTO/polymer nanocomposites exhibited better degradation property than pure ZTO.
PEC and IPCE measurements were also done to test the potential for water splitting. Under UV light illumination at constant bias supply of 0.5V, the photoelectrochemical current measured was approximately 4A/cm2 for the PMMA/ZTO nanocomposite. The IPCE of the pure ZTO, PMMA/ZTO/, PVDF/ZTO nanocomposites were 15, 18 and 20%, respectively. The IPCE variation as a function of wavelength was in good agreement with the UV-VIS results.

論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
Figure content VII
Table content XIIII
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
A. OBJECTIVE 1
B. BACKGROUND 2
I. PHOTOCATALYSIS 2
II. PIEZOELECTRICITY 18
III. PIEZOTRONIC AND PIEZOPHOTOTRONIC EFFECTS 27
IV. PIEZOPHOTOCATALYSIS 33
C. LITERATURE REVIEW 38
I. MATERIAL CHOICE: ZnSnO3 (ZTO) 38
II. POLY(VINYLIDENE DIFLUORIDE) (PVDF) 49
III. POLUMETHYLMETHACRYLATE (PMMA) 54
D. FABRICATION STRATEGIES 57
I. FABRICATION OF ZnSnO3 57
II. FABRICATION OF OXIDES-POYMER NANOCOMPOSITE 63
E. NOVELTY AND SIGNIFICANCE 67
CHAPTER 2 68
F. MATERIALS 68
G. EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE 69
I. THE FIRST-STEP HYDROTEHRMAL SYNTHESIS 69
II. THE SECOND-STEP HYDROTEHRMAL SYNTHESIS 70
III. SPIN COATING METHOD 71
H. CHARACTERIZATION METHODS 72
I. X-RAY DIFFRACTION (XRD) ANALYSIS 72
II. SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY (SEM) 73
III. TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY (TEM) 73
IV. BAND GAP AND PHOTODEGRADATION 74
V. ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENT 76
VI. PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL (PEC) CELL 78
VII. INCIDENT PHOTO-TO-CURRENT EFFICIENCY (IPCE)79
CHAPTER 3 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 81
3.1 PREVIOUS RESEARCH [117, 166] 81
3.2 SOLVOTHERMAL METHOD TO FABRICATE ZnSnO3 82
3.2.1 THE EFFECT OF pH VALUE 83
3.2.2 THE EFFECT OF SOLVENT 83
3.2.3 THE EFFECT OF REACTION TEMPERATURE 84
3.2.4 ZTO NANOWIRES ARRAYS 85
3.3 SEM RESULTS 86
3.3.1 WITHOUT POLYMER (ZnSnO3) 86
3.3.2 ZTO-PVDF NANOCOMPOSITES 88
3.3.3 ZTO-PMMA NANOCOMPOSITES 90
3.4 PIEZOTRONIC EFFECT 92
3.5 PIEZOPHOTOTRONIC EFFECT 99
3.6 PHOTOCATALYTIC AND PIEZOPHOTOCATALYTIC MEASUREMENT 103
3.7 PEC (PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL) MEASUREMENT 107
3.8 IPCE (INCIDENT PHOTON TO CURRENT EFFICIENCY) MEASUREMENT 108
CHPATER 4 CONCULSIONS 110
4.1 SEM ANALYSIS 110
4.2 PIEZOTRONIC ANALYSIS 110
4.3 PIEZOPHOTOTRONIC ANALYSIS 110
4.4 PHOTOCATALYTIC AND PIEZOPHOTOCATALYTIC ANALYSIS 111
4.5 PEC ANALYSIS 111
4.6 IPCE ANALYSIS 111
References 112

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