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系統識別號 U0026-1108202014083100
論文名稱(中文) 以氣候正義觀點檢視臺灣地區韌性與防洪策略推動
論文名稱(英文) Examining Regional Resilience and Flood Prevention Strategy in Taiwan Based on Climate Justice Perspectives
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 都市計劃學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Urban Planning
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生(中文) 陳怡萱
研究生(英文) Yi-Shiuan Chen
學號 P26064156
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 115頁
口試委員 口試委員-鄒克萬
口試委員-洪鴻智
口試委員-趙子元
指導教授-張學聖
中文關鍵字 氣候正義  風險  社會韌性  氣候責任  空間自相關 
英文關鍵字 Climate Justice  Risk  Social Resilience  Climate Responsibility  Spatial Autocorrelation 
學科別分類
中文摘要 在氣候變遷之衝擊下,臺灣近年極端降雨事件頻繁發生,而政府為因應洪患之威脅,積極投入防洪設施與策略等相關資源,但其是否能有效降低地區災害威脅及損失,並能因應地方特性進行合理分配,為現今社會所關注之重要議題之一。而近年「氣候正義」於國際上逐漸受到重視,其相關研究也逐漸轉為探討氣候變遷下極端氣候事件對於社會之影響及資源分配之公平性,並於研究中強調以「雙重不平等」現象判斷氣候正義在地區之影響性及嚴重程度。因此本研究將以「臺灣及離島地區」作為研究區域,除了將文獻進行重新梳理,設計符合氣候正義之研究議題假設外,也透過重新建構指標系統,將臺灣氣候正義現象予以量化量測,作為政府防洪資源投入公平性之探討參考。
因此,為有效評估臺灣是否具氣候正義現象及其嚴重程度,於研究設計上,本研究透過過往文獻重新定義氣候正義量測方式,以兩項符合意涵之研究議題建立進行驗證分析,包括以「自然危害」與「社會韌性」之空間相關性,及「風險」與「責任投入」之空間相關性,進行地區現況與政府資源投入後之正義性檢測,並以四項空間特性(H-H區、L-L區、H-L區、L-H區)作為地區不同氣候正義特徵之區別,以了解目前臺灣氣候正義特徵之分布情形,及各縣市資源投入具公平效益性之行政區比例,最後作為未來政府建構氣候變遷下風險評估及資源分配方式之參考。
英文摘要 Facing the impact of climate change, extreme rainfall events in Taiwan have occurred frequently in recent years. In response to the threat of flooding, the government has actively invested in flood prevention facilities and strategies in various regions. But whether it can effectively reduce the regional disaster threat and losses or it can reasonably distribute the resource according to local characteristics or not, which is one of the important social issues nowadays. In recent years, "Climate justice" has gradually emphasized, and the issue of the research has also gradually turned to explore the impact of society and the fairness of resource allocation with extreme climate events. Besides, the research of climate justice also emphasizes the phenomenon of "double inequality" to judge the impact and severity of climate justice in the region. Therefore, in this study, we will take "Taiwan " as the research area. In addition to reorganizing the literature and designing research issues that are in line with climate justice, we will also re-construct the index system to quantify the climate justice phenomenon in Taiwan. The result will be used as a reference for the discussion on the fairness of the government ‘s disaster prevention resources investment.
In order to effectively assess whether Taiwan has the phenomenon of climate justice and its severity, this study redefines the measurement method of climate justice through the previous literature, and create two research issues including the spatial correlation between "Natural Hazard" and "Social Resilience" and the spatial correlation between "Risk" and "Responsible Input " to test the justice of the region's current situation and the government resource’s investment. Then through defining the four spatial characteristics (HH District, LL District, HL District, LH District) as the difference of climate justice features in the region, we can understand the current distribution of climate justice features and the proportion of administrative districts with fair and efficient resources invested by the government in Taiwan, then the result will be the reference for the government to construct the risk assessment and resource allocation methods for climate change in the future.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機 2
第三節 研究目的 2
第四節 研究內容與流程 3
第二章 文獻回顧 6
第一節 氣候正義理論與回顧 6
第二節 氣候正義評估與量測方式 16
第三節 氣候正義相關概念釐清 22
第三章 研究設計 30
第一節 研究架構 30
第二節 研究方法 33
第三節 研究範疇 37
第四章 氣候正義指標建構 41
第一節 指標轉換與選取 41
第二節 指標意義與計算 50
第三節 指標空間分布狀態 58
第五章 氣候正義驗證分析 70
第一節 指標整理與重組 70
第二節 空間聚集分布分析 75
第三節 氣候正義議題驗證 81
第四節 分析結果與討論 89
第六章 結論與建議 101
第一節 結論 101
第二節 研究建議 102
參考文獻 104
附錄 112
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