Since year 2000, the governmental reorganization has restructured the municipal cultural centers to cultural affairs bureaus. Among the pre-existing units under the centers, including library information, performance, exhibition and promotion, the establishment of cultural heritage units in the bureaus marked a critical phase in the history of cultural heritage conservation of Taiwan. In Kaohsiung County, ten years after the establishment of Cultural Affairs Bureau, the original 14 historic sites have developed into 44 cultural heritage items, classified as historic buildings, remains, and cultural landscapes, etc. while the registered official numbers are undergoing a yearly increase. Unfortunately, whenever it comes to the issue of cultural heritage conservation, ideological gaps among the governmental departments, heritage proprietors and local communities always make the dialogue hard to conduct and conflicts occur. For one thing, it is encouraging to see more attention and discussion being paid to relative issues; for another, unnecessary public treasury, social capital and countless administrative resources are wasted on the way.
The thesis is framed by a civil administrator’s perspective as five successful conservation models are presented to investigate the main issues in the conservation of cultural heritage─the dilemma confronted in the movement (including the conservation of listed municipal cultural assets,) the instrumentality and attitude to achieve it. By presenting the processes of negotiation in the preservation and restoration of the buildings, the reconstruction of the history, background material and historic values of the cultural assets, the effort and difficulty of civil administrators are elaborated in chapter two. In chapter three, further inquiry has been launched about how the conflicts and debates are negotiated and resolved, and also the renovation and management of cultural assets afterwards.
The purpose of the thesis intends to indicate that even the governmental administrators, with authorization to proprietorship and management of public cultural assets, could also be trapped in the wrangle of conflicting ideologies, over local values and economic development, governmental egoism and public rights and interests, etc. Therefore, a great deal of negotiation and communication are required. By means of reflecting the realities of cultural heritage conservation, the thesis tries to offer diverse perspective for the matter, elaborate the dilemma confronted by civil administrators, and most important of all, initiate dialogue among the government, the public, and relative groups.