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系統識別號 U0026-1102201909390600
論文名稱(中文) 大專生參與交換學生計畫與就業能力關係之研究
論文名稱(英文) A Study on the Relationship between Exchange Student Experience and Employability of University Students
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 經營管理碩士學位學程(AMBA)
系所名稱(英) Advanced Master of Business Administration (AMBA)
學年度 107
學期 1
出版年 108
研究生(中文) 陳麗安
研究生(英文) Li-An Chen
學號 RD6051028
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 58頁
口試委員 指導教授-張紹基
口試委員-周信輝
口試委員-林玟廷
中文關鍵字 海外經驗  交換學生  就業能力  職涯發展 
英文關鍵字 Overseas Experience  Exchange students  Employability  Career Development 
學科別分類
中文摘要 由於環境快速變遷,高等教育普及造成的學歷泡沫化,讓許多大專學生擔心畢業即失業。為了因應日益劇烈的競爭,增加自我就業能力,大專學生們透過參與社團、考證照、增加工讀經驗、爭取實習機會和透過交換學生計畫等各種方式來增加自身履歷的可看性。隨著交通與科技的進步讓資訊、人力、貨物、資金快速流動,面對全球化競爭與勞動市場變遷,對許多大專生而言,出國交換是拓展國際觀及提升外語能力的大好機會。在為期不長的求學生涯當中,參加交換生計畫究竟對未來職涯發展是否有幫助?有些學生因為申請手續繁複、擔心延畢、需要承擔比其他同學更重的課業壓力、經濟考量、或擔心比其他人晚一步進入職場卡位而望之卻步。有些學生則認為在責任與包袱最少的求學時期到海外體驗異國文化、接受文化衝擊、踏出舒適圈,是一個訓練獨立自主、成長茁壯的難得機會。
本研究主要以臺灣曾赴海外參與交換學生計畫與未參與交換學生計畫的在職者為研究對象。總計回收有效樣本為338份,使用描述性統計、獨立樣本t檢定、迴歸分析等方式進行分析。結果顯示參與海外交換學生計畫者,在國際觀、文化智商、應變能力、適應能力上,優於未參與過海外交換學生計畫者,且面試機會及薪資亦較高。在一般能力及職涯規劃能力方面,兩組受測者使用獨立樣本t檢定結果無顯著差異,但迴歸分析結果顯示差異。根據上述研究結果,本論文將對交換學生計畫與職涯能力發展提出建議。
英文摘要 Studying abroad is quite an adventure that offers many benefits. However, it also comes with a fair share of disadvantages that students sometimes overlook to realize later that this adventure isn’t what they expected. In Europe, about 2.5 million students have participated in the Erasmus program since 1987. For Taiwanese students, attending exchange student program seems a good chance to experience foreign culture, broaden their horizon and travel in a short period of time. Some studies indicate that studying abroad can help enhance future career prospects and opportunities. This study is based on Taiwanese who have participated overseas exchange student programs and those who are not involved in the exchange of student programs. This study aims to discover if the participation of exchange student program can bring positive effects on the different aspect of employability and career competitiveness. A total of 338 valid samples were collected and analyzed by using descriptive statistics, independent sample t-tests, and regression analysis. The result shows that those who have participated in the overseas exchange student programs have better employability than those who have not participated. The employability mentioned in the study including international perspective, culture intelligent, flexibility, adaptability and willingness. The statistic result also shows that those who participated in the overseas exchange student programs have more interview opportunities and higher salary than those who doesn’t have overseas exchange student experiences. Furthermore, they have better satisfaction about job and income. As for general ability of work and career planning ability, the difference between these two groups is less significant. Based on the above research results, the participation of exchange student program has positive influence in personal career development.
論文目次 摘要I
誌謝VII
目錄VIII
表目錄X
圖目錄XI
第一章 緒論1
第一節 研究背景與動機1
第二節 研究目的2
第三節 研究範圍3
第四節 研究流程與方法4
第二節 文獻探討6
第一節 交換學生6
第二節 就業能力8
第三節 國際觀與就業能力關係12
第四節 文化智商13
第五節 工作態度15
第三章 研究方法18
第一節 研究架構18
第二節 研究假設19
第三節 問卷設計19
第四節 研究對象與資料收集方法23
第五節 前測分析結果24
第四章 研究結果與分析29
第一節 敘述性統計分析29
第二節 信度分析34
第三節 效度分析35
第四節 項目分析36
第五節 獨立樣本t檢定38
第六節 迴歸分析39
第五章 討論、意涵與結論42
第一節 研究討論42
第二節 理論意涵與實務貢獻44
第三節 研究限制46
第四節 未來研究方向46
第五節 個人反思與建議47
參考文獻50
附錄55
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