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系統識別號 U0026-1102201523392300
論文名稱(中文) 工作記憶容量與工作負荷容量的個別差異
論文名稱(英文) Individual differences in working memory capacity and workload capacity
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 心理學系認知科學碩士班
系所名稱(英) MS in Cognitive Science
學年度 103
學期 1
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 游如淇
研究生(英文) Ju-Chi Yu
學號 U76024020
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 61頁
口試委員 指導教授-楊政達
口試委員-葉怡玉
口試委員-汪曼穎
中文關鍵字 中央處理系統  LBA模型  系統性多因子技術  工作記憶容量  工作負荷量 
英文關鍵字 executive function  linear ballistic accumulator model  systems factorial technology  working memory capacity  workload capacity 
學科別分類
中文摘要 在此研究中,我們探討工作記憶容量(working memory capacity)與工作負荷容量(workload capacity)的關係。我們利用三種不同的雙重目標偵測作業(redundant-target detection task)測量受試者的工作負荷容量,並以操作廣度測驗(operation span task)測量受試者的工作記憶容量。在實驗一、二中,我們分別使用非母數(實驗一、二)與母數(實驗二)計算受試者在不同雙重目標偵測作業中的工作負荷容量。實驗一、二的結果均發現,在視聽偵測作業中,高工作記憶容量組的受試者比低工作記憶容量組的受試者有較高的工作負荷容量,且其大部分為超級容量(supercapacity)。然而,當雙重管道訊息均來自視覺系統,如:顏色形狀偵測作業或雙重光點偵測作業時,此效果便不復見。由此研究結果可知,工作記憶中的中央處理系統在整合跨感官訊息的知覺處理歷程中扮演了重要的角色。
英文摘要 We investigated the relationship between working memory capacity (WMC) and workload capacity (WLC). Each participant performed an operation span (OSPAN) task to measure his/her WMC and three redundant-target detection tasks to measure his/her WLC. WLC was computed non-parametrically (Experiments 1 and 2) and parametrically (Experiment 2). Both levels of analyses showed that participants high in WMC had larger WLC than those low in WMC only when redundant information came from visual and auditory modalities, suggesting that high-WMC participants had superior processing capacity in dealing with redundant visual and auditory information. This difference was eliminated when multiple processes required processing for only a single working memory subsystem in a color-shape detection task and a double-dot detection task. These results highlighted the role of executive control in integrating and binding information from the two working memory subsystems for perceptual decision making.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
ENGLISH ABSTRACT II
誌謝 III
TABLE OF CONTENTS IV
LIST OF TABLES V
LIST OF FIGURES VI
INTRODUCTION 1
EXPERIMENT 1 7
METHOD 7
EXPERIMENT 2 22
METHOD 23
DISCUSSION 44
CONCLUSION 52
REFERENCES 52

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