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系統識別號 U0026-1008201913062300
論文名稱(中文) 利用紮根理論探討權益關係人對環保艦隊行動方案之看法
論文名稱(英文) Use grounded theory to explore the perspectives of stakeholders on the environmental protection fleet action plan
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 海洋科技與事務研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Ocean Technology and Marine Affairs
學年度 107
學期 2
出版年 108
研究生(中文) 陳智揚
研究生(英文) Chih-Yang Chen
學號 NA6061032
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 120頁
口試委員 指導教授-劉大綱
口試委員-陳璋玲
口試委員-王雅玢
中文關鍵字 海洋廢棄物  權益關係人  環保艦隊  紮根理論 
英文關鍵字 marine debris  stakeholders  environmental protection fleet  grounded theory 
學科別分類
中文摘要 海洋占了地球約71%的面積,孕育出了許多生命,也是許多生物的重要棲息場所,對於生態環境的價值更是不可估計,然而,隨著人口的增長與科技的發展,越來越多人為的廢棄物進入到海洋環境中。近年來,海洋廢棄物的議題被世界各國所重視,而臺灣同為國際公民的一部分,對於海洋環境的保護也要盡一份心力,在沿近海附近的漁民及其他從事海洋相關活動的業者是與海洋最具有關聯的權益關係人,在配合政府及漁會單位的宣導下也慢慢組成了環保艦隊,致力於清除海洋廢棄物,但也因為是初步成立,尚還存在許多問題,像是人力、資金等資源不足、回收後續處理所需之配套措施不夠完善等。
本研究針對行動方案中預防及移除之環保艦隊推動計畫,並藉由與各方面權益關係人半結構式訪談的方式,深入分析其對於環保艦隊海洋廢棄物回收及後續處置議題之觀點與認知,並且通過紮根理論分析來推導歸納出影響權益關係人對於環保艦隊海洋廢棄物回收及後續處置議題的核心因素,最後將歸納出的概念與國際趨勢和其他與環保艦隊相關之文獻做比較與討論。
經紮根理論分析彙整後,發現「海洋廢棄物性質」和「海洋廢棄物影響」兩項核心議題與聯合國秘書長海洋與海洋法報告書第七十一屆會議所提及之要點相當符合;而在「海洋廢棄物移除」的議題中發現受訪者普遍認為海上作業人員的安全是應該優先考量的;在「回收制度」的議題則探討到目前環保艦隊行動方案還沒有辦法成為一個長期的活動規劃,其原因是因為後續的回收配套措施不夠完善,資金來源無法穩定的提供,而最好的解決辦法是將海洋廢棄物的回收變成一個經濟循環體的概念,而要完成此概念必須透過「公共參與」和「海洋教育普及」的幫助,透過強化民眾的環保意識才能達成。
英文摘要 The ocean accounts for about 71% of the Earth's surface, which possessed many important habitats and associated living resources. However, with the growth of population and the development of science and technology, more and more anthropogenic waste enters the marine environment. In 2017, Taiwan established the “Marine Debris Management Platform” and adopted many marine waste management action plans to alleviate the problem of marine debris. This study utilized environmental protection fleet action plan as an example and conducted semi-structured interviews with various stakeholders to explore the management issues related to this action plan.
Grounded theory was used in this study to investigate the core factors affecting Taiwan's environmental protection fleet action plan and its subsequent marine debris recycling and disposal issues. International trends and other literature related to environmental protection fleets are compared and discussed in order to understand the current issues related to environmental debris removal and recycling, and how to improve the fishermen's willingness to participate in the environmental protection fleet, thereby improving the efficiency of removing marine debris. This study integrates the perspectives and opinions of all stakeholders concerned and hopes to provide more ideas for the coastal managers and policymakers with updated and more comprehensive policy strategy to improve the management of marine debris in Taiwan.
論文目次 摘 要 i
SUMMARY ii
誌 謝 viii
目 錄 ix
表目錄 xi
圖目錄 xiii
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景與動機 1
1-2 研究目的 3
1-3 研究流程 4
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2-1 海洋廢棄物 6
2-1-1 海洋廢棄物的性質 6
2-1-2 海洋廢棄物的來源 12
2-1-3 海洋廢棄物的影響 14
2-2 海洋廢棄物之相關規範 19
2-2-1 國際相關規範 19
2-2-2 各國海洋廢棄物之相關規範 23
2-2-3 臺灣海洋廢棄物之相關規範 27
2-3 海洋廢棄物之管理措施 34
2-3-1 各國海洋廢棄物之管理措施 34
2-3-2 臺灣海洋廢棄物之管理措施 42
2-4 臺灣環保艦隊 51
第三章 研究方法 59
3-1 質性研究法 59
3-1-1 半結構式訪談 59
3-1-2 紮根理論 60
3-1-3 資料分析方法 61
3-2 訪談對象與架構 62
3-2-1 權益關係人的定義與分析 63
3-2-2 研究訪談對象 64
3-2-3 訪談題綱 64
第四章 研究結果 68
4-1 半結構訪談分析結果 68
4-1-1 海洋廢棄物的基本認知 68
4-1-2 海洋廢棄物回收制度、基本措施及最終處置 72
4-1-3 海洋廢棄物回收之公共參與 78
4-1-4 相關應對與補助策略 81
4-2 紮根理論應用分析與探討 85
4-2-1 開放編碼 85
4-2-2 主軸編碼 86
4-2-3 選擇編碼 93
4-2-4 結果探討與評論 94
4-3 綜合討論 99
4-3-1 聯合國秘書長海洋與海洋法報告書第七十一屆會議 100
4-3-2 其他海洋廢棄物之相關研究 104
第五章 結論與建議 108
5-1 結論 108
5-2 建議 110
參考文獻 112
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