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系統識別號 U0026-1008201617231700
論文名稱(中文) 貪污對經濟成長之影響–以轉型經濟體為例
論文名稱(英文) The Impact of Corruption on Economic Growth: The Case of Transition Economies
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 政治經濟研究所碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Political Economy(on the job class)
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 陳素珠
研究生(英文) Su-Chu Chen
學號 U17021099
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 93頁
口試委員 指導教授-謝文真
口試委員-蒙志成
口試委員-崔曉倩
中文關鍵字 轉型經濟體  貪污  經濟成長  金融危機  追蹤資料 
英文關鍵字 Transition Economies  Corruption  Economic Growth  Financial Crisis  Panel Data 
學科別分類
中文摘要 基於轉型經濟體(transition economies)發展的階段性與獨特性及對其貪污與經濟成長之關係的興趣,本研究主要探討在26個轉型經濟體於2003-2014年期間貪污對經濟成長的影響。又,因在本文該分析期間發生全球經濟危機,欲了解經濟環境劇變下,貪污在經濟上所扮演的角色是否有所改變。除了研究對象全體,並另以世界銀行所定之所得層級將其分為三組,即高所得國家、中高所得國家和中低所得國家,以探討在不同分組中,貪污對經濟成長的影響分別為何,是否存在差異性。
本文係以國際透明組織之貪污印象指數(corruption perceptions index, CPI)作為貪污變數,並加入實質固定資本形成毛額成長率、就業人數成長率、大學入學率、政治不穩定程度、對外開放度及金融危機等政治經濟變數,以解釋轉型經濟體之經濟成長。在研究方法上,採用追蹤資料(panel data),透過單根檢定(unit root test)判定所採用之變數為恆定序列,並能於Hausman檢定下合理地選擇了固定效果模型,對研究對象整體及三個所得群組的年資料分別進行實證迴歸分析。
研究結果顯示,實質固定資本形成毛額成長率、就業人數成長率、對外開放度等變數對四個群組有統計上顯著的正向影響;而金融危機虛擬變數則有負向影響。至於,貪污變數僅在整體及中低所得國家中對經濟成長產生顯著的正面助益;但在高所得國家及中高所得國家,並未得到顯著之影響。這可能是因為中低所得國家轉型進展程度較不成熟、法規制度結構不夠健全及政府治理能力較差,使得貪污成為彌補其不良制度之潤滑劑。但長期而言,貪污對這些國家經濟成長的正面助益無法持續,當轉型經濟體轉型進展較成熟因而有較高之所得水準後,貪污將逐漸阻礙其經濟成長。因此,本文建議轉型經濟體應改善其制度結構與政府治理能力,加速轉型進展,並降低貪污程度,以符合社會公平正義,經濟方得以持續發展。
英文摘要 This research is focused on the impact of corruption on economic growth in 26 transition economies as a whole and its three sub-groups of high-income, upper-middle-income and lower-middle-income countries (World Bank, 2014). Among the categorized sub-groups, the impacts of corruption behaviors may turn out in different forms and frequencies, owing to the level of economic development, socio-political systems, among others.
The corruption perceptions index (CPI) of the Transparency International and other political economic variables are employed to determine the economic growth rates. This study constructs four sets of panel data for the period of 2003 to 2014, and uses unit root tests to determine the stationarity of variables. Based on Hausman test, the fixed effects model is selected to perform regression analyses for the whole group and its three sub-groups.
The regression results suggest that the explanatory variables of employment and gross fixed capital formation growth rates, and the degree of openness could generate statistically significant positive impacts on economic growth rates; while the dummy variable of post-2008 financial crisis generates negative impact, for the group and all the sub-groups. As for the corruption variable, it has significant positive impacts on economic growth only for the group as a whole and the sub-group of lower-middle-income countries; while it has no significant impacts on the economic growth for the rest of two sub-groups. It implies that corruption could grease the wheels of lower-middle-income transition economies to compensate for the weakness of their systems, such as governance and/or regulation; however, corruption behaviors will eventually become an obstacle to economic growth. We therefore recommend building a transparent regulatory system and speed up the progress in transition, lower the levels of corruption to meet the desires of social justice and well-being.
論文目次 中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌謝 vi
目錄 vii
表目錄 ix
圖目錄 x
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 2
第二節 研究目的與問題 6
第三節 貪污的定義與衡量 7
第四節 研究流程 12
第二章 文獻回顧 14
第一節 全球金融危機與經濟成長 14
第二節 所得與貪污之關聯性 16
第三節 貪污在經濟面之理論 18
第四節 貪污影響經濟成長之實證文獻 23
第三章 轉型經濟體之政治經濟概述 34
第一節 轉型經濟體之界定 34
第二節 轉型經濟體政治經濟概況 37
第四章 研究設計 51
第一節 研究架構 51
第二節 理論模型之介紹與修正 52
第三節 變數說明與研究假設 56
第四節 研究方法 60
第五章 實證分析 66
第一節 敘述統計 66
第二節 統計檢定 71
第三節 迴歸結果分析 73
第六章 結論與建議 82
第一節 結論 82
第二節 研究限制與建議 83
參考文獻 85
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